Epic Facts About The Gurkha, The Craziest Warriors On Earth
Gurkha soldiers are some of the bravest, toughest, and fiercest in the world. For over 200 years, they have taken the battlefield. They have served in both world wars, Iraq, Afghanistan, Kosovo, and the Falklands, just to name a few. Gurkhas, sometimes referred to as Gorkhali, have been the source of breathtaking acts of heroism and an almost mythical ability to survive on the battlefield.
That tenacity may be due to their origins. The name "Gurkha" comes from the hill town of Gorkha, from which Nepal and its many tribes spread. Men from the Gorkhali Kingdom were collectively known as Gurkhas, and they seemed born to endure harsh climates, tough terrain, and just about anything thrown at them.
The stories of the prowess of Gurkha fighters are filled with details that are nearly unbelievable had they not been witnessed by survivors. These acts of bravery committed by the fearless and amazing Gurkhas truly live up to their motto, "Better to die than be a coward."
The Selection Process Is One Of The Toughest In The WorldPhoto: Wikipedia / GNU Free Documentation License
Every year, thousands of youths compete to join the ranks of the Gurkhas. The process is grueling, and typically only 126 people are selected as new members each round. Applicants must be young men between 17 and 21, and are tested on their strength, endurance, stamina, determination, speed, and mental acuity.
Prospects are put through a series of grueling exercises. They must do 12 rapid pull-ups. They must do 70 rapid sit-ups. There’s rope climbing, swimming, constant running, camp set-up, and many other tasks and challenges. And then there's the infamous doko race, in which aspiring soldiers run uphill with a wicker basket (doko) filled with 25 kilograms (about 55 pounds) of sand on their backs.
Why would anyone willingly go through this? For one, becoming a Gurkha is a point of immense pride. But a place among the elite group's ranks also means a Western salary, a pension, and the right to settle in Britain.
It's tough, but the selection process is designed to be as fair as possible. Lt. Col. Elton Davis, deputy commander of the British Gurkhas in Nepal, explains, "Our ethos is to be free, fair and transparent. Here, nobody really expects people to be free, fair or transparent. We hammer it home when we go out into the hills during the selection process. We are not selecting based on geography or caste."
Gurkhas Are Hardcore From BirthPhoto: Kevin N. McCall / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain
The environment and economic conditions in Nepal can make life there tough. For Gurkhas, austerity and strength are not choices. "Their bodies are simply on a different plane to our own," Johnny Fenn, who served with the Gurkhas from 1998 to 2012, wrote for The Telegraph.
Many parents begin training their children for the Gurkha selection process from a young age. Mughdan and Krishna Rai raised all five of their sons to prepare for their service. Rai’s late husband was a Gurkha. "My husband believed that when you are a man, you should either go to war or to go the jungle to meditate," Rai said.
Rai described her husband’s daily regimen for his boys: "The boys all ate fresh food, dahl, milk, butter and cheese, and - most importantly - they ate four raw eggs each day. Mughdan would wake them up at 4 am and load 30 kg of rocks into doka which they would have to go and run with." He even built a gym for his sons.
All five of the Rai sons became Gurkhas and have served in Iraq, Afghanistan, Kosovo, Bosnia, and East Timor.
They Set The Standard For FearlessnessPhoto: Unknown / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain
For centuries, Gurkha soldiers have awed the men they fought and fought alongside. They were so impressive to the British, that, though they were initially the enemy, Gurkhas were eventually enlisted into the British Indian Army.
A soldier wrote in his memoirs, "I never saw more steadiness or bravery exhibited in my life. Run they would not, and of death they seemed to have no fear, though their comrades were falling thick around them."
Their Knives 'Must Shed Blood'Photo: Anon5551212 / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY-SA 4.0
Gurkhas carry kukris, curved knives that are commonly found in Nepal. According to legend, the kukri must shed blood every time it is drawn.
Modern soldiers don't abide by that rule, but occasionally, kukris are used for surprising purposes. Former Gurkha Johnny Fenn described how his comrades once used their knives to perform an animal sacrifice.
Dipprasad Pun Dispatched More Than 30 Taliban Soldiers In Under An HourPhoto: Ministry of Defense United Kingdom / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain
In Afghanistan in 2010, Sergeant Dipprasad Pun singlehandedly took on over 30 Taliban attackers. Pun was ambushed at a checkpoint, and the Taliban troops came at him with rocket-propelled grenades and automatic weapons. He ended all 30 of the soldiers in under an hour.
Pun was awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross, the second-highest decoration for bravery in the British military.
Lachhiman Gurung Stood His Ground After His Hand Was Blown OffPhoto: Unknown / Wikipedia / Public Domain
In 1945, Rifleman Lachhiman Gurung and his fellow Gurkhas were overrun by Japanese soldiers, who began throwing grenades towards the Gurkhas' trenches. Gurung threw two grenades back, but the third exploded, destroying his right hand and doing serious damage to his arm.
Gurung ignored his injuries, and used his good hand to continue shooting and holding off the advancing Japanese soldiers. He lost his right hand as a result of the incident, but remained on active duty until 1947. Gurung was awarded the Victoria Cross for his bravery.