There's a tribe in northern Philippines called the Igorot that traditionally bury their dead in so-called "hanging coffins" on a cliff near the town of Sagada. They're not alone in this practice: the Bo people of southern China, for just one example, did it centuries ago, as well, and both the Bo and the Igorot's unusual "cemeteries" have become popular tourist attractions. Some of the Sagada hanging coffins are even brightly painted, adorned with crosses and DIY memorials, surrounded by graffiti, and festooned with old wooden chairs. Wait—what?
The chairs are just one of many "mysteries" found at the site of the hanging coffins of Sagada. The list below takes you step-by-step through the traditional burial rituals of the Igorot, revealing several fascinating—and creepy—facts along the way, as well as the answers to many of those mysteries, straight from a tribal elder.
Motivations for Coffin-Hanging Are Surprisingly Pragmatic
So why do the Igorot traditionally hang coffins instead of burying them? Is it a spiritual thing? That's certainly part of it: India Sturgis with The Daily Mail reports that the custom "blessed the soul for eternity and provided quicker passage to heaven" and Kiki Deere with Rough Guides says that "moving the bodies of the dead higher up brings them closer to their ancestral spirits."
But when Deere asked retired schoolteacher Soledad Belingom about the practice, she said the hanging was also practical. The elderly Igorot, she explained, are afraid of rotting in the ground or having their corpse eaten by dogs. Hanging coffins prevents that. It's also a holdover from the days when enemies from neighboring villages would rob Igorot graves and steal skulls for trophies.
There's a Story Behind Those Chairs (and It's Very Unpleasant)
Tourists visiting the hanging coffins of Echo Valley—Lonely Planet calls them "Sagada's most popular attractions"—probably wonder what's going on with the wooden chairs strapped to the coffins. The chair is called a sangadil, or death chair, and it's an important step in the traditional Igorot burial process.
When you die, your corpse is tied to the chair using rattan and vines, Weekend at Bernie's-style. Once you're propped-up securely in the chair, your corpse is covered with a blanket and you're placed in your house, facing the main door. Over the next several days, your relatives visit your corpse to pay their respects. In order to conceal the smell of your decay, your cadaver is slow-smoked like barbecue brisket. (No word on if they use hickory or oak.)
The Tiny Coffins Aren't for Babies
It would make sense that the smaller hanging coffins were for kids or babies, right? Nope. Traditionally, your corpse is buried in the fetal position, so you can "depart the same way [you] entered the world." In order to fit a full-sized adult in a coffin just over three feet long, relatives have to break the bones of the dead.
So what's up with the longer coffins? These days, many Igorots are "afraid to break the bones of their loved ones," according to an elder interviewed in 2014, so "very few" choose to go 100% traditional with the burial ritual.
A Gruesome Ritual Happens on the Way to the Cliff
Once your bones are broken into the fetal position, your corpse is "wrapped like a basketball" with another blanket and rattan and carried to the cliff. Traditionally, a small coffin that you carved yourself out of a hollowed out log before you died is waiting for you, just like the one pictured. On the way to the coffin, mourners swarm your broken corpse, hoping to get some blood on their hands. The blood is thought to bring success and "pass on the skills of the deceased," like beating one of the boss robots in Mega Man.