In the true story of Outlaw King, Robert the Bruce didn't fight a showdown duel with King Edward II of England. His wife didn't end up locked in a cage. And the Scots wore a lot more yellow, with a pretty disgusting origin. While taking a few liberties with actual Robert the Bruce facts, the 2018 Netflix movie Outlaw King captures the spirit of Scotland's war for independence, even if it gets a few historical details wrong. Outlaw King also comes out on top when it goes head-to-head with the factual inaccuracies in Braveheart, another film about Scotland's successful revolt against English rule.
Compared with the real life of Robert the Bruce, the movie leaves out some surprising moments, like the lesson the outlaw king supposedly took from a spider. In other areas, the film does a good job showing the military tactics and technology the Scots and English threw at each other.
Robert The Bruce Might Not Have Used Guerrilla Tactics
Robert the Bruce found himself severely outnumbered when he went up against King Edward and the English army. In Outlaw King, Robert uses guerrilla tactics like destroying castles to win the war. As Dauvit Broun, professor of Scottish history at the University of Glasgow, told Time:
He resolved that every castle he took he would destroy because he reckoned that, for the King of England to win, he would need to garrison Scotland, and you can't do that unless you've got castles. It's a bit like taking a bomb and destroying Buckingham Palace. But Robert I took the view that if he was going to win, it was only going to be because he had the support of the people, so he didn't need castles.
But other scholars believe Robert didn't fight a guerrilla war at all - instead, they say he used conventional medieval methods. Medieval expert Chris Brown, author of King and Outlaw: The Real Robert the Bruce, points out that Robert advanced slowly, seizing towns and castles. And while Robert avoided pitched battles, Brown terms this "prudent" rather than evidence of intentional guerrilla tactics.
Other scholars disagree. Historian Michael Brown of Scotland's University of St Andrews argues that the strategy followed modern guerilla tactics long before the term was invented: "It's essentially run away and hide. Take to the hills, harry [the enemy's] flanks, stop them living off of the land, but don't risk a battle."
His Brother's Execution Was Much Bloodier
When the English chased Robert the Bruce from his throne, they also forced his family to flee. Robert's brother Neil made it to Kildrummy, but the English besieged the castle and captured him. Outlaw King shows Edward I hanging Neil.
The real execution was far more involved. On the English king's orders, Neil was hanged, drawn, and finally beheaded. And though they initially escaped Kildrummy, Robert's sisters, his wife, and his young daughter were found by Edward's men and held captive for many years.
Robert The Bruce Didn't Let His Enemy Leave The Battle Of Loudoun Hill
At the climactic end of Outlaw King, Robert the Bruce takes on a much larger English army in the Battle of Loudoun Hill. But the movie's portrayal of the conflict as a major showdown between Robert the Bruce and Edward II is simply wrong.
Edward II wasn't even at the battle, so the scene where Robert duels the new king simply never happened - nor did he generously let his enemy escape after the battle.
Outlaw King manipulates the timing of the battle for cinematic effect: Edward I was not dead when the confrontation occurred in 1307, so his son had not yet been crowned.
The Scots Would Have Worn Yellow On The Battlefield
If Outlaw King stuck with the most common dyes in medieval Scotland, more Scottish fighters would be wearing yellow. Historian Fergus Cannan, the author of Scottish Arms and Armour, points out, "The yellow war shirt is never shown in any film or popular image, and yet it is something that all the original writers comment on."
Scottish leaders could afford saffron to dye their clothes yellow, but poorer clansmen would have used bark and leaves or horse urine - an inexpensive and common ingredient, especially with the cavalry.