The NRA is always at the forefront of any discussion revolving around gun owners' rights. No matter how many mass shootings occur - or how many businesses cut ties with the NRA - the organization's stance has stayed consistent: the government will only be able to take weapons "from our cold, dead hands."
The NRA today is vastly different from when it was started in 1871. Looking at NRA history, it's quite clear the group and its supporters have gone through some pretty massive changes. The association didn't always reference the Gun Rights Bible or advocate for the civilian ownership of semi-automatic rifles. In fact, the NRA was started with the notion of gun control in mind. So what does the NRA do today, and how did the organization evolve since its post-Civil War inception?
When the NRA was founded in 1871, they weren't worried about the Second Amendment in the slightest. The group was founded by two Civil War veterans, George Wood Wingate, a lawyer, and William Conant Church, a former reporter for the New York Times. The same New York Times that serves as the sworn enemy of the NRA today.
The whole reason the organization was started was to help the average soldier and citizen shoot better. The founders were frustrated at how inaccurate everybody was during the Civil War, so the two founded the NRA to promote, "rifle shooting on a scientific basis."
When the NRA was first established in 1871, most Americans owned guns. The NRA was trying to improve marksmanship among the general populace, whether for hunting or for later use in the military. The two co-founders were appalled by an official study that suggested 1,000 rounds were fired for every hit during the Civil War.
But the cultural attitude towards guns started to shift in the light of four high-profile presidential assassination attempts, including the successful homicide of Abraham Lincoln and a failed effort on Teddy Roosevelt's life. Even though they began as ostensibly a marksmanship club, the NRA wanted to be a part of this growing national conversation.
The NRA's views have changed fairly dramatically since 1871. Back in the 1930s, for example, their president, Karl T. Frederick, was staunchly in favor of gun control. Gangsters were shooting people down in the streets, and in 1939, Frederick testified before Congress that he thought more restrictions were needed:
I have never believed in the general practice of carrying weapons. I do not believe in the general promiscuous toting of guns. I think it should be sharply restricted and only under licenses.
Even though NRA president Karl Frederick was for gun restrictions, he didn't support restrictions on every gun. When Congress attempted to pass the National Firearms Act of 1934, Frederick explained to Congress that, "automobile owners are not fingerprinted and are, as a class, a much more criminal body, from the standpoint of percentage, than pistol licensees."
At first, the chairman asked him if he was kidding, and whether he truly believed the average car driver was more likely to be a criminal than a gun owner. But Frederick doubled down and said that while big guns could constitute a problem, "pistol licensees, those who have gone to the trouble of securing a license to carry weapons, are a most law-abiding body, and the perpetration of a crime by such a licensee is almost unknown."