The ocean covers 70% of the world's surface, and it is full of countless mysteries and undiscovered secrets. What scientists know about the ocean is expanding every day, though. Complicated sonar mapping offers further insights, as does the discovery of new, sometimes terrifying species. There is a lot left to learn, but the facts about the ocean we know now are already strange and astounding.
Oceans greatly affect life on Earth, so our fascination with these large bodies of water makes sense. Despite their sometimes terrifying natures, oceans and the creepy creatures that live in them are worthy research topics.
Scientists Discovered Huge 'Black Hole' Eddies That Drift Around The Oceans
In space, black holes exert powerful gravitational pulls that prevent anything from escaping them. The oceans have large eddies that operate in a similar manner. Some are over 150 kilometers (approximately 93 miles) in diameter, spinning in a way that traps water in a giant loop, like an underwater black hole.
These eddies help redistribute water of different temperatures and salinity levels.
Viruses Are The Most Abundant Oceanic Life
The Earth's oceans contain a staggering amount of viruses. In fact, some scientists estimate the number of ocean-dwelling viruses might be as high as 10 to the 30th power - that's a 1 followed by 30 zeros.
If someone stacked those microscopic organisms end to end, the structure would reach past the nearest 60 galaxies.
Sea Creatures Grow Monstrously Large In The Deep Ocean
There are many examples of incredibly large creatures residing in the deep ocean. Scientists believe deep sea gigantism affects these water-dwellers. They likely exist because larger animals survive more efficiently in the deep ocean.
Additionally, a larger body mass protects them from the extremely cold temperatures.
As far as undersea predators go, sharks can be incredibly dangerous. However, box jellyfish take well over a hundred human lives each year. The tentacles of one box jellyfish carry enough venom to seriously incapacitate 60 adult humans.
Survivors often feel the effects of their stings for weeks.