Jurassic Park is a landmark in cinema history - and still holds up more than 25 years after its initial release. Though often considered among the best book-to-film adaptations of all time, it does feature massive departures from the source material. Steven Spielberg did an amazing job crafting a sci-fi adventure film - with some elements of horror - but when it comes to the Jurassic Park movie vs. book, the book is actually much darker.
Some of the goriest events were seriously toned down for the movie or even removed completely. Other disturbing sequences of human-on-dino action were also cut or watered down for the finished product. The novel offers little in the way of catharsis - and boasts a body count much higher than what we see on screen.
Here are the most notable Jurassic Park book scenes that film audiences have never seen.
Beloved chaotician Ian Malcolm was brought to life by Jeff Goldblum in the original film, and the actor reprised the role in several sequels. The thing is, Malcolm actually perishes in the original Jurassic Park novel. As in the movie, Malcolm is present when the Tyrannosaurus rex first escapes its paddock and goes after the tour cars. In both the movie and film, Malcolm eventually leaves his car and flees from the T. rex.
That's where things start to diverge. In the novel, the dinosaur actually catches Malcolm and brutally shakes him in its mouth. The dinosaur drops Malcolm, which fractures his leg, and he is eventually found by Gennaro and Muldoon. Like in the movie, Malcolm is critically hurt for the rest of the novel. However, it is explicitly stated that he eventually succumbs to his injuries.
The character of Dr. Malcolm proved to be such a fan favorite that author Michael Crichton resurrected him for the sequel novel, The Lost World. In the book, Malcolm borrows a line from Mark Twain to say his passing was "greatly exaggerated." Crichton himself was more up front about the retcon: "Malcolm came back because I needed him. I could do without the others, but not him because he is the 'ironic commentator' on the action. He keeps telling us why it will go bad. And I had to have him back again."
While the Jurassic Park film ends on a relatively positive note, with Hammond learning his lesson and the survivors fleeing the island by helicopter, the book's ending is much more grim. Hammond is taken down by venomous compys and the island is napalmed into oblivion.
That's not hyperbole. At the end of the novel, the Costa Rican National Guard covers the entirety of Isla Nublar in a blazing coat of napalm. All of the dinosaurs on the island are presumably eliminated, and the park is wiped off the map. Hoping to avoid the possibility of any dinos making their way to the mainland and wreaking havoc, it's pretty much the only choice the government has.
The character Donald Gennaro really gets done dirty in the movie. The "blood-sucking lawyer" is portrayed as little more than a money-grubbing coward, and, ultimately, he's eaten by a T. rex while on the toilet. He's actually quite brave in the book, however, and is essential to getting the park's power back online.
The book version of Gennaro manages to survive the entire fiasco and escape the island, but he doesn't appear in Crichton's sequel for a humiliating reason. It's stated in The Lost World that Gennaro recently expired on a business trip after contracting dysentery. It looks like Crichton took some inspiration from Spielberg on this one, as Gennaro does ultimately end up passing on the toilet.
While raptors already have a reputation for being savage brutes in the film, the book takes that concept to an even more horrifying place. In one scene, Lex and Tim find a baby raptor who is surprisingly docile and playful. Tim gets attached, but they have to abandon the little guy when a pack of adult raptors storms the nursery.
In an attempt to distract the adults, Tim tosses the baby raptor in their direction - but if he thought they would all stop to "goo-goo ga-ga" over the baby, he's sorely mistaken. Tim turns back to see the three adult raptors eviscerate it instead. Scenes like this lead the poor kid to become even more traumatized than his film counterpart.