A list of famous 16th and 17th century pirates, including many English sea dogs from this era of the history of pirates. Lots of pictures and images. The most famous pirate of this period may be Sir Francis Drake, but when it comes to maritime piracy during this time there are plenty of other real pirates. Pirate history is as old as boats themselves. During this time, English sea dogs and Dutch Corsairs were becoming the scourge of merchants, as well as that of the French, English, and especially Spanish Crowns. Many of them can be found on this list of the most famous 16th and 17th century pirates within the history of piracy.