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Inventions
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The Best Inventions from the Byzantine Empire

2.1k votes 579 voters 27.6k views
A list of famous Byzantine inventions and innovations. Ancient cultures have long been known to discover, create, and produce new and useful tools, medicines, and foods, and ancient Byzantine inventions are among the most popular discoveries still used today. This list of Byzantine inventions includes items like the counterweight trebuchet, grenade, and pedentive dome, as well as modern Byzantine inventions like the flamethrower.

Over the years, historical inventions from Byzantine Empire have helped move society forward, enabling humans to hunt, eat, and travel in much more efficient ways. Ancient Byzantine Empire inventions have also allowed people to learn more about the world, keep safe from wildlife, and stay healthier longer.

These inventions by Byzantine inventors are labeled by era from which they came. Vote for your favorites to move them to the top of the list, and add any that you see missing.
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  • 1
    Flamethrower
    244
    80
  • 2
    Grenade
    192
    57
    741 AD
  • 3
    Greek Fire
    184
    70

    Greek Fire

    674
  • 4
    Pendentive dome
    133
    42

    Pendentive dome

    563 AD
  • 5
    Counterweight trebuchet
    122
    37

    Counterweight trebuchet

    12th century
  • 6
    Ship mill
    100
    34

    Ship mill

    537
  • 7
    Pointed arch bridge
    104
    41

    Pointed arch bridge

    5th century AD
  • 8
    Hagia Sophia
    100
    39
  • 9
    Hand-trebuchet
    103
    43

    Hand-trebuchet

    965
  • 10
    Icon
    88
    59
    8th century
  • 11
    Cross-in-square
    71
    43

    Cross-in-square

    880
  • 12
    Little Hagia Sophia
    65
    53