Central Nervous System Diseases & Nerve Disorders

Central Nervous System diseases affect millions of Americans. Diseases of the nervous system can range from the nerve disorder that causes Tourette's to the serious CNS disease of Alzheimer's. What diseases affect the central nervous system? Central Nervous system disorders aren't something to take lightly. CNS disorders can seriously affect the brain, spinal cord, and nerve endings in your body. Feel free to use this list as a starting point to make your own medical diseases flash card list. Diseases of the central nervous system are horrible but there are other diseases you should be aware of. One for example is AIDS which is sexually transmitted and you can see more information about that at the aids symptoms page. Another one that affects so many people is Chrone's Disease which you can find the symptoms of at the Chrone's disease page. Finally, take a look at the most common illnesses as its much more likely that you may be affected by one of those.

  • Alzheimer's Disease is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of function and death of nerve cells in several areas of the brain leading to loss of cognitive function such as memory and language.
  • Expressive aphasia
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    Expressive aphasia is characterized by the loss of the ability to produce language. It is one subset of a larger family of disorders known collectively as aphasia. Expressive aphasia differs from dysarthria, which is typified by a patient's inability to properly move the muscles of the tongue and mouth to produce speech. Expressive aphasia also differs from apraxia of speech which is a motor disorder characterized by an inability to create and sequence motor plans for speech. Comprehension is typically only mildly to moderately impaired in expressive aphasia. This contrasts with receptive aphasia, which is distinguished by a patient's inability to comprehend language or speak with ...more
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    Cerebello-Olivary Degeneration of Holmes

  • Choroid Plexus Papilloma
    Photo: Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY
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    Choroid Plexus Papilloma

  • Huntington's disease
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    Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative genetic disorder that affects muscle coordination and leads to mental decline and behavioral symptoms. Symptoms of the disease can vary between individuals and affected members of the same family, but usually progress predictably. The earliest symptoms are often subtle problems with mood or cognition. A general lack of coordination and an unsteady gait often follows. As the disease advances, uncoordinated, jerky body movements become more apparent, along with a decline in mental abilities and behavioral symptoms. Physical abilities gradually worsen until coordinated movement becomes difficult. Mental abilities generally decline into dementia. ...more
  • Klüver–Bucy syndrome
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    Klüver–Bucy syndrome is a syndrome resulting from bilateral lesions of the anterior temporal lobe. Klüver–Bucy syndrome may present with hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, visual agnosia, and docility.