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List of Famous Botanists

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List of famous botanists, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top botanists in the world? This includes the most prominent botanists, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable botanists is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic botanists were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned botanists.

Everyone from Leonardo da Vinci to George Washington Carver is included on this list of botany scientists. Many of the following botanists made great contributions to botany and the science world.

From reputable, prominent, and well known botanists to the lesser known botanists of today, these are some of the best professionals in the botanist field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous botanists ever?" and "What are the names of famous botanists?" then you're in the right place. 
  • 1
    Dec. at 67 (1452-1519)

    BirthplaceVinci, Italy

    NationalityRepublic of Florence

    Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was an Italian polymath, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. He is...  more

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  • 2
    George Washington Carver (1860s – January 5, 1943), was an American agricultural scientist and inventor. He actively promoted alternative crops to cotton and methods to prevent soil depletion.While a...  more

    #74 of 796 Famous American Inventors List#7 of 17 These Rare Recordings Of Famous Historical Figures Speaking Are Fascinating#65 of 69 60+ Adopted Celebrities

  • 3
    Dec. at 61 (1822-1884)

    BirthplaceHynčice, Czech Republic


    Gregor Johann Mendel (Czech: Řehoř Jan Mendel; 20 July 1822 – 6 January 1884) (English: ) was a scientist, Augustinian friar and abbot of St. Thomas' Abbey in Brno, Margraviate of Moravia. Mendel was...  more
  • 4
    Dec. at 70 (1707-1778)

    BirthplaceRåshult, Sweden


    Carl Linnaeus (; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈkɑːɭ fɔn lɪˈneː] (listen)), was a Swedish botanist, zoologist, and...  more

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  • 5
    Dec. at 77 (1866-1943)

    BirthplaceKensington, London, United Kingdom

    NationalityUnited Kingdom

    Beatrix Potter (, US , 28 July 1866 – 22 December 1943) was an English writer, illustrator, natural scientist, and conservationist best known for her children's books featuring animals, such as those...  more

    Unusual Facts About Beatrix Potter, The Creator Of Peter Rabbit#46 of 193 The Best Fantasy Authors#7 of 94 The Best Children's Book Authors

  • 6
    Dec. at 77 (1813-1890)

    BirthplaceSavannah, Georgia, USA

    NationalityFrance, United States of America

    John Charles Frémont or Fremont (January 21, 1813 – July 13, 1890) was an American explorer, politician, and soldier who, in 1856, became the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office...  more
  • 7

    BirthplaceShanghai, China

    NationalityUnited States of America

    Peter Hamilton Raven FMLS is a botanist and environmentalist, notable as the longtime director, now President Emeritus, of the Missouri Botanical Garden....  more
  • 8
    Age: 1001

    BirthplaceQuanzhou, China


    Su Song was a renowned Han Chinese polymath who was described as a scientist, mathematician, statesman, astronomer, cartographer, horologist, medical doctor, pharmacologist, mineralogist, zoologist,...  more
  • 9
    Dec. at 79 (1744-1824)

    BirthplaceBrodie Castle, United Kingdom

    James Brodie may refer to: James Brodie (politician, born 1637) (1637–1708), Scottish politician, Member of Scottish Parliament for Elgin & Forfarshire James Brodie (politician, born 1695)...  more
  • 10
    Dec. at 93 (1908-2001)
    Gunnar Seidenfaden was a Danish diplomat and botanist. He was Danish ambassador in Thailand 1955-1959, and in the U.S.S.R. 1959-1961. He was an expert on Southeast Asia Orchidaceae. He published...  more
  • 11
    Dec. at 81 (1802-1884)

    BirthplaceSammatti, Finland


    Elias Lönnrot (Finnish: [ˈɑs ˈløn.ruːt] (listen); 9 April 1802 – 19 March 1884) was a Finnish physician, philologist and collector of traditional Finnish oral poetry. He is best known for...  more
  • 12
    Dec. at 92 (1913-2005)

    BirthplaceStreatham, London, United Kingdom

    NationalityUnited Kingdom

    Richard Sidney Richmond Fitter was a British naturalist and author. He was an expert on wildflowers and authored several guides for amateur naturalists. He was born in Streatham, London in 1913 and...  more
  • 13
    Dec. at 68 (1759-1828)

    BirthplaceNorwich, United Kingdom

    NationalityUnited Kingdom

    Sir James Edward Smith (2 December 1759 – 17 March 1828) was an English botanist and founder of the Linnean Society....  more
  • 14
    Dec. at 60 (1800-1861)

    BirthplaceArjeplog, Sweden


    Lars Levi Laestadius (10 January 1800 – 21 February 1861) was a Swedish pastor and administrator of the Swedish state Lutheran church in Lapland who founded the Laestadian pietist revival movement to...  more
  • 15
    Dec. at 69 (1647-1717)

    BirthplaceFrankfurt, Germany

    NationalityHoly Roman Empire

    Maria Sibylla Merian (2 April 1647 – 13 January 1717) was a German-born naturalist and scientific illustrator, a descendant of the Frankfurt branch of the Swiss Merian family. Merian was one of the...  more
  • 16
    Age: 196

    BirthplaceHorning, United Kingdom

    NationalityUnited Kingdom

    Mordecai Cubitt Cooke was an English botanist and mycologist. Cooke came from a mercantile family in Horning, Norfolk, and worked as an apprentice to a fabric merchant before becoming a clerk in a...  more
  • 17
    Dec. at 68 (1907-1975)

    BirthplaceLee, London


    James Robertson Justice (born James Norval Harald Justice; 15 June 1907 – 2 July 1975) was a British character actor who appeared in British films during the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s....  more
  • 18

    NationalityUnited Kingdom

    George Gordon was a British botanist. He worked for the London Horticultural Society as Foreman of the Horticultoral Society Gardens at Chiswick, near London. Gordon is particularly noted for his...  more
  • 19
    Dec. at 89 (1904-1993)

    BirthplacePimlico, London, United Kingdom

    NationalityUnited Kingdom

    Frederick "Camp" Campion Steward FRS was a British botanist and plant physiologist....  more
  • 20

    BirthplaceUnited Kingdom

    NationalityUnited Kingdom

    Paula Shane Pryke OBE is a British florist and author....  more
  • 21

    BirthplaceNew York

    NationalityUnited States of America

    Robert Dick (January 1811 – 24 December 1866), Scottish geologist and botanist was born at Tullibody, in Clackmannanshire. His father was an officer of excise. At the age of thirteen, after receiving...  more
  • 22
    Dec. at 71 (1897-1969)

    NationalityUnited States of America

    Edgar Shannon Anderson (November 9, 1897 – June 18, 1969) was an American botanist. His 1949 book Introgressive Hybridization was an original and important contribution to botanical genetics....  more
  • 23
    Dec. at 72 (1922-1995)

    NationalityUnited Kingdom

    Alan F. Mitchell was a British forester, dendrologist and botanist, and author of several books on trees. He almost single-handedly measured every notable tree in the British Isles, founding the Tree...  more
  • 24
    Dec. at 35 (1799-1834)

    BirthplaceEurasia, Perth and Kinross, United Kingdom, Scone, Scotland

    NationalityScotland, United Kingdom

    David or Dave Douglas may refer to:...  more
  • 25
    Age: 990

    BirthplaceHangzhou, China


    Shen Kuo (Chinese: 沈括; 1031–1095) or Shen Gua, courtesy name Cunzhong (存中) and pseudonym Mengqi (now usually given as Mengxi) Weng (夢溪翁), was a Chinese polymathic scientist and statesman of the Song...  more