READ List of Famous Botanists

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List of famous botanists, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top botanists in the world? This includes the most prominent botanists, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable botanists is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic botanists were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned botanists.

Everyone from Leonardo da Vinci to George Washington Carver is included on this list of botany scientists. Many of the following botanists made great contributions to botany and the science world.

From reputable, prominent, and well known botanists to the lesser known botanists of today, these are some of the best professionals in the botanist field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous botanists ever?" and "What are the names of famous botanists?" then you're in the right place. 

1
Leonardo da Vinci is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 67 (1452-1519) Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was an Italian polymath, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. He is ...more

2
George Washington Carver is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list List of Famous Botanists
George Washington Carver, was an American botanist and inventor. The exact day and year of his birth are unknown; he was born into slavery in Missouri, either in 1861, or January 1864. Carver's ...more

3
Gregor Mendel is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 62 (1822-1884) Gregor Johann Mendel was a German-speaking Moravian scientist and Augustinian friar who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the modern science of genetics. Though farmers had known for ...more

4
Carl Linnaeus is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 71 (1707-1778) Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who laid the foundations for the modern biological naming scheme of ...more

5
Beatrix Potter is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 77 (1866-1943) Helen Beatrix Potter was an English author, illustrator, natural scientist and conservationist best known for her imaginative children's books, featuring animals such as those in The Tale of ...more

6
John C. Frémont is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 77 (1813-1890) John Charles Frémont was a politician, military officer and explorer.

7
Peter H. Raven is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list List of Famous Botanists
age 81 Peter Hamilton Raven FMLS is a botanist and environmentalist, notable as the longtime director, now President Emeritus, of the Missouri Botanical Garden.

8
Su Song is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 81 (1020-1101) Su Song was a renowned Han Chinese polymath who was described as a scientist, mathematician, statesman, astronomer, cartographer, horologist, medical doctor, pharmacologist, mineralogist, ...more

9
James Brodie of Brodie is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 80 (1744-1824) James Brodie of Brodie, 21st Thane and Chief of Clan Brodie, FRS FLS was a Scottish politician and botanist. He was educated at Elgin Academy and St. Andrews University. He was returned to ...more

10
Gunnar Seidenfaden is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 93 (1908-2001) Gunnar Seidenfaden was a Danish diplomat and botanist. He was Danish ambassador in Thailand 1955-1959, and in the U.S.S.R. 1959-1961. He was an expert on Southeast Asia Orchidaceae. He published ...more

11
Elias Lönnrot is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 82 (1802-1884) Elias Lönnrot was a Finnish physician, philologist and collector of traditional Finnish oral poetry. He is best known for compiling Kalevala, the national epic of Finland, from national ...more

12
Richard Sidney Richmond Fitter is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 92 (1913-2005) Richard Sidney Richmond Fitter was a British naturalist and author. He was an expert on wildflowers and authored several guides for amateur naturalists. He was born in Streatham, London in 1913 ...more

13
James Edward Smith is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 69 (1759-1828) Sir James Edward Smith was an English botanist and founder of the Linnean Society.

14
Lars Levi Laestadius is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 61 (1800-1861) Lars Levi Laestadius was a Swedish Sami pastor and administrator of the Swedish state Lutheran church in Lapland who founded the Laestadian pietist revival movement to help his largely Sami ...more

15
Maria Sibylla Merian is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 70 (1647-1717) Maria Sibylla Merian was a German-born naturalist and scientific illustrator, a descendant of the Frankfurt branch of the Swiss Merian family, founders of one of Europe's largest publishing ...more

16
M. C. Cooke is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list List of Famous Botanists
M. C. Cooke Died at 89 (1825-1914) Mordecai Cubitt Cooke was an English botanist and mycologist. Cooke came from a mercantile family in Horning, Norfolk, and worked as an apprentice to a fabric merchant before becoming a clerk in ...more

17
James Robertson Justice is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 68 (1907-1975) James Robertson Justice was a popular British character actor in British films of the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s.

18
George Gordon is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list List of Famous Botanists
George Gordon Died at 73 (1806-1879) George Gordon was a British botanist. He worked for the London Horticultural Society as Foreman of the Horticultoral Society Gardens at Chiswick, near London. Gordon is particularly noted for ...more

19
Frederick Campion Steward is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Frederick Campion Steward Died at 89 (1904-1993) Frederick "Camp" Campion Steward FRS was a British botanist and plant physiologist.

20
Paula Pryke is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Paula Pryke age 57 Paula Shane Pryke OBE is a British florist and author.

21
Robert Dick is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list List of Famous Botanists
age 68 Robert Dick is an American flutist and composer specializing in new music and extended techniques. He was a member of the experimental woodwind trio New Winds with Ned Rothenberg and J. D. ...more

22
Edgar Anderson is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 72 (1897-1969) Edgar Shannon Anderson was an American botanist. His 1949 book Introgressive Hybridization was an original and important contribution to botanical genetics. Anderson was born in Forestville, New ...more

23
Alan F. Mitchell is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 73 (1922-1995) Alan F. Mitchell was a British forester, dendrologist and botanist, and author of several books on trees. He almost single-handedly measured every notable tree in the British Isles, founding the ...more

24
David Douglas is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 35 (1799-1834) David Douglas was a Scottish botanist. He was born to John Douglas, a stonemason, and Jean Drummond. He worked as a gardener, and explored the Scottish Highlands, North America, and Hawaii, ...more

25
Shen Kuo is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 64 (1031-1095) Shen Kuo or Shen Gua, courtesy name Cunzhong and pseudonym Mengqi Weng, was a Han Chinese polymathic genius, medical doctor, scientist and statesman of the Song dynasty. Excelling in many fields ...more

26
Vernon Ahmadjian is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Vernon Ahmadjian Died at 82 (1930-2012) Vernon Ahmadjian was a distinguished professor at Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA.—He specialized in the symbiosis of lichens, and wrote several books and numerous publications ...more

27
Joseph Young Bergen is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 66 (1851-1917) Joseph Young Bergen was an American botanist.

28
David Bellamy is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list List of Famous Botanists
age 85 David James Bellamy OBE is an English author, broadcaster, environmental campaigner and botanist. He has lived in County Durham since 1960.

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John Rogers is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 78 (1778-1856) John Rogers was an English Anglican priest.

30
Pliny the Elder is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 56 (23-79) Gaius Plinius Secundus, better known as Pliny the Elder, was a Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and personal ...more

31
Daniel Rutherford is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 70 (1749-1819) Daniel Rutherford FRSE FRCPE FLS FSA was a Scottish physician, chemist and botanist who is most famous for the isolation of nitrogen in 1772. Rutherford was the uncle of the novelist Sir Walter ...more

32
Edward Percival Wright is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Edward Percival Wright Died at 76 (1834-1910) Edward Percival Wright was an Irish ophthalmic surgeon, botanist and zoologist.

33
John Torrey is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list List of Famous Botanists
John Torrey Died at 77 (1796-1873) John Torrey was a botanist and mountaineer.

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Thomas Johnson is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Thomas Johnson Thomas Johnson was an English botanist, and a royalist colonel in the English Civil War. He has been called the "father of British field botany".

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William Saunders is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list List of Famous Botanists
William Saunders Died at 78 (1822-1900) William Saunders was a botanist, nurseryman, landscape gardener, landscape designer, and horticulturist. As the nation’s chief experimental horticulturalist, he was responsible for the ...more

36
Liberty Hyde Bailey is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 96 (1858-1954) Liberty Hyde Bailey was an American horticulturist, botanist and cofounder of the American Society for Horticultural Science.

37
George Darby Haviland is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 44 (1857-1901) Dr George Darby Haviland was a British surgeon and naturalist. He was born at Warbleton, Sussex in England. He served as Director of the Raffles Museum in Singapore as well as being a medical ...more

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Stefano delle Chiaje is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 66 (1794-1860) Stefano Delle Chiaje was an Italian zoologist, botanist, anatomist and physician. Delle Chiaje studied medicine in Naples, where he was a pupil of Giuseppe Saverio Poli. Together they started ...more

39
Josif Pančić is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Josif Pančić Died at 74 (1814-1888) Josif Pančić was a Serbian botanist, doctor, a famous lecturer at the Great School in Belgrade and the first president of the Serbian Royal Academy. He extensively documented the flora of ...more

40
Nikolai Vavilov is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Nikolai Vavilov Died at 56 (1887-1943) Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov ForMemRS was a prominent Russian and Soviet botanist and geneticist best known for having identified the centres of origin of cultivated plants. He devoted his life to ...more

41
Francis Wilson is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Francis Wilson Died at 71 (1832-1903) Francis Robert Muter Wilson, Presbyterian minister at Kew, Melbourne, was arguably Australia's first lichenologist. He came to Australia in 1862 to minister at Kew, Melbourne but developed an ...more

42
John Gerard is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list List of Famous Botanists
John Gerard Died at 67 (1545-1612) John Gerard, also spelt John Gerarde, was a botanist and herbalist. He maintained a large herbal garden in London. His chief notability is as the author of a big – 1480 pages – and heavily ...more

43
John Sibthorp is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 38 (1758-1796) John Sibthorp FRS was an English botanist.

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Ganapathi Thanikaimoni is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Ganapathi Thanikaimoni Died at 48 (1938-1986) Ganapathi Thanikaimoni, often referred to as Thani was an Indian palynologist.

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Edwin James is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 64 (1797-1861) Edwin P. James was a 19th-century American botanist, geographer and geologist who explored the American West. James completed the first recorded ascent of Pikes Peak. Born in Weybridge, Vermont, ...more

46
Paul Hackney is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list List of Famous Botanists
age 73

47
Birbal Sahni is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 58 (1891-1949) Birbal Sahni FRS was an Indian paleobotanist who studied the fossils of the Indian subcontinent, was also a geologist who took an interest in archaeology. He founded the Birbal Sahni Institute ...more

48
Tomitaro Makino is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Tomitaro Makino Died at 95 (1862-1957) Tomitaro Makino was a pioneer Japanese botanist noted for his taxonomic work. He has been called "Father of Japanese Botany". He was one of the first Japanese botanists to work ...more

49
Wade Davis is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list List of Famous Botanists
age 64 Wade Davis is a Canadian anthropologist, ethnobotanist, author and photographer whose work has focused on worldwide indigenous cultures, especially in North and South America and particularly ...more

50
William Francis Ganong is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list List of Famous Botanists
Died at 77 (1864-1941) William Francis Ganong, M.A., Ph.D., LL.D., F.R.S.C., was a Canadian botanist, historian and cartographer. His botany career was spent mainly as a professor at Smith College in Northampton, ...more