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List of Famous Dictators

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This list of the most notable and famous dictators in the world is ordered by their level of importance and notoriety. From ruthless dictators (many of which are considered the worst dictators ever) to lesser known tinpot dictators in history - this list of dictators should help answer the question, "who are the most famous dictators in the world?"

Infamous dictators of the world are often thought of as tyrants - leaders who rule with iron fists, cruelty, unflinching authority, and a lack of opposition. This world dictators list has everyone from Adolf Hitler to Kim Jong Un to many lesser-known rulers. Many of the dictators on this list are considered some of the worst people in the history of the world.

It's easy to dehumanize them in your mind, but there were actually many dictators who painted and plenty of other dictators who had weird collections. Who would have thought? If you want to learn more about modern dictators, find out which countries are ruled by dictatorships in present day.

Read on to learn about the top dictators from history and today.

  • Adolf Hitler1

    Adolf Hitler

    Dec. at 56 (1889-1945)

    BirthplaceBraunau am Inn, Austria

    Adolf Hitler (German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] (listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German...  more

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  • Joseph Stalin2

    Joseph Stalin

    Dec. at 75 (1878-1953)

    BirthplaceGori, Georgia

    Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (born Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili; 18 December [O.S. 6] 1878...  more

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  • Mao Zedong3

    Mao Zedong

    Dec. at 83 (1893-1976)

    BirthplaceShaoshan, China

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  • Benito Mussolini4

    Benito Mussolini

    Dec. at 62 (1883-1945)

    BirthplacePredappio, Italy

    Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (, also US: , Italian: [beˈniːto mussoˈliːni]; 29 July 1883 –...  more

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  • Pol Pot5

    Pol Pot

    Dec. at 73 (1925-1998)

    BirthplaceKampong Thom Province, Cambodia

    Pol Pot (born Saloth Sâr; 19 May 1925 – 15 April 1998) was a Cambodian politician who led...  more

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  • Kim Jong-il6

    Kim Jong-il

    Dec. at 70 (1941-2011)

    BirthplaceVyatskoye, Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

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  • Saddam Hussein7

    Saddam Hussein

    Dec. at 69 (1937-2006)

    BirthplaceAl-Awja, Iraq

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  • Robert Mugabe8

    BirthplaceZvimba District

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  • Kim Jong-un9

    BirthplacePyongyang, Pyongan, North Korea

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  • Fidel Castro10

    BirthplaceBirán, Cuba

    Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (American Spanish: [fiˈðel aleˈxandɾo ˈkastɾo ˈrus]; 13 August 1926...  more

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  • Chiang Kai-shek11

    Chiang Kai-shek

    Dec. at 88 (1887-1975)

    BirthplaceXikou, China

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  • Idi Amin12

    Idi Amin

    Dec. at 78 (1925-2003)

    BirthplaceKoboko, Uganda

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  • Bashar al-Assad13

    BirthplaceDamascus, Syria

    Bashar Hafez al-Assad (Arabic: بشار حافظ الأسد‎ Baššār Ḥāfiẓ al-ʾAsad, Levantine...  more

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  • Ferdinand Marcos14

    Ferdinand Marcos

    Dec. at 72 (1917-1989)

    BirthplaceSarrat, Philippines

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  • Kim Il-sung15

    Kim Il-sung

    Dec. at 82 (1912-1994)

    BirthplacePyongyang, Pyongan, North Korea

    Kim Il-sung (officially transcribed Kim Il Sung; English pronunciation: ; Korean: 김일성; Korean...  more
  • Francisco Franco16

    Francisco Franco

    Dec. at 83 (1892-1975)

    BirthplaceSpain, Ferrol

    Francisco Franco Bahamonde (; Spanish: [fɾanˈθisʲko ˈfɾaŋko]; 4 December 1892 – 20 November...  more

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  • Ho Chi Minh17

    Ho Chi Minh

    Dec. at 79 (1890-1969)

    BirthplaceKim Lien, Vietnam

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  • Muammar al-Gaddafi18

    Muammar al-Gaddafi

    Dec. at 69 (1942-2011)

    BirthplaceQasr Abu Hadi

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  • Nikita Khrushchev19

    Nikita Khrushchev

    Dec. at 77 (1894-1971)

    BirthplaceKalinovka, Russia

    Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (15 April 1894 – 11 September 1971) was a Soviet statesman who...  more
  • Hun Sen20

    Hun Sen

    Age: 68

    BirthplaceStueng Trang District

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  • Hideki Tōjō21

    Hideki Tōjō

    Dec. at 64 (1884-1948)

    BirthplaceKōjimachi, Tokyo

    Hideki Tojo (Kyūjitai: 東條 英機; Shinjitai: 東条 英機; Tōjō Hideki ; 30 December 1884 – 23 December...  more

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  • Pervez Musharraf22

    BirthplaceIndia, Delhi

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  • Mobutu Sese Seko23

    Mobutu Sese Seko

    Dec. at 67 (1930-1997)

    BirthplaceLisala, Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga (; born Joseph-Désiré Mobutu; 14 October 1930 – 7...  more

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  • Jean-Claude Duvalier24

    Jean-Claude Duvalier

    Dec. at 63 (1951-2014)

    BirthplacePort-au-Prince, Haiti

    Jean-Claude Duvalier (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɑ̃klod dyvalje]), nicknamed "Baby Doc" (Haitian...  more
  • Augusto Pinochet25

    Augusto Pinochet

    Dec. at 91 (1915-2006)

    BirthplaceValparaíso, Chile

    Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (UK: , US: , Spanish: [auˈɣusto pinoˈ(t)ʃe(t)]; 25 November...  more