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List of Famous Martyrs

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List of famous martyrs, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top martyrs in the world? This includes the most prominent martyrs, living and dead, both in America and abroad. Many of these martyrs were either burned to death or suffered other brutal torture and killing methods. This list of notable martyrs is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic martyrs were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned martyrs.

This list of the greatest martyrs in history include Joan of Arc, François-Jean de la Barre, and more. Martyred saints are brave examples of people willing to die for their beliefs. Whether they were Christian, Catholic, female, or other, this list has them all. 

From reputable, prominent, and well known martyrs to the lesser known martyrs of today, these are some of the best professionals in the martyr field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous martyrs ever?" and "What are the names of famous martyrs?" then you're in the right place. 

  • Photo: flickr / CC0
    Paul the Apostle (Latin: Paulus; Greek: Παῦλος, romanized: Paulos; Coptic: ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲟⲥ; c. 5 – c. 64 or 67), commonly known as Saint Paul and also known by his Jewish name Saul of Tarsus (Hebrew: שאול התרסי‎, romanized: Sha'ūl ha-Tarsī; Greek: Σαῦλος Ταρσεύς, romanized: Saũlos Tarseús), was an apostle (although not one of the Twelve Apostles) who taught the gospel of Christ to the first-century world. Paul is generally considered one of the most important figures of the Apostolic Age and in the mid-30s to the mid-50s AD he founded several churches in Asia Minor and Europe. He took advantage of his status as both a Jew and a Roman citizen to minister to both Jewish and Roman audiences. According...  more
    • Birthplace: Tarsus, Turkey
    • Profession: Missionary, Prophet, Tentmaker, Writer
    • Cause Of Death: Decapitation

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    John Brown (May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859) was an American abolitionist. Brown advocated the use of armed insurrection to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States. He first gained attention when he led small groups of volunteers during the Bleeding Kansas crisis of 1856. He was dissatisfied with the pacifism of the organized abolitionist movement: "These men are all talk. What we need is action—action!" In May 1856, Brown and his supporters killed five supporters of slavery in the Pottawatomie massacre, which responded to the sacking of Lawrence by pro-slavery forces. Brown then commanded anti-slavery forces at the Battle of Black Jack (June 2) and the Battle of Osawatomie...  more
    • Age: Dec. at 59 (1800-1859)
    • Birthplace: Torrington, Connecticut
    • Cause Of Death: Hanging

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    Joan of Arc (in French Jeanne d'Arc pronounced [ʒan daʁk]; c. 1412 – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (French: La Pucelle d'Orléans), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War, and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint. She was born to Jacques d'Arc and Isabelle Romée, a peasant family, at Domrémy in northeast France. Joan claimed to have received visions of the archangel Michael, Saint Margaret, and Saint Catherine of Alexandria instructing her to support Charles VII and recover France from English domination late in the Hundred Years' War. The uncrowned King Charles VII sent Joan to the Siege of Orléans as part of...  more
    • Age: Dec. at 19 (1412-1431)
    • Birthplace: Domrémy-la-Pucelle, France
    • Profession: Military Leader
    • Cause Of Death: Death by burning

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    Thomas Becket (), also known as Saint Thomas of Canterbury, Thomas of London and later Thomas à Becket (21 December c. 1119 (or 1120) – 29 December 1170), was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 until his murder in 1170. He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion. He engaged in conflict with Henry II, King of England, over the rights and privileges of the Church and was murdered by followers of the king in Canterbury Cathedral. Soon after his death, he was canonised by Pope Alexander III....  more
    • Age: Dec. at 52 (1118-1170)
    • Birthplace: Cheapside, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Priest, Bishop
    • Cause Of Death: Assassination