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List of Famous Neurologists

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List of famous neurologists, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top neurologists in the world? This includes the most prominent neurologists, living and dead, both in America and abroad. While some are celebrities who majored in neuroscience, other neurologists ended up on our list of the worst doctors. This list of notable neurologists is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic neurologists were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned neurologists. 

Oliver Sacks, Eric Kandel, and Christof Koch are only the beginning of the best people in neurology on this list. Including female neurologists and the top neurosurgeons, this list has them all! 

From reputable, prominent, and well known neurologists to the lesser known neurologists of today, these are some of the best professionals in the neurologist field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous neurologists ever?" and "What are the names of famous neurologists?" then you're in the right place.

1
Oliver Sacks is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Age: 85

Birthplace: London, United Kingdom

Oliver Wolf Sacks, (9 July 1933 – 30 August 2015) was a British neurologist, naturalist, historian of science, and author. Born in Britain, and mostly educated there, he spent his career in the ...more

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2
Sigmund Freud is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Dec. at 83 (1856-1939)

Birthplace: Příbor, Czech Republic

Sigmund Freud ( FROYD; German: [ˈziːkmʊnt ˈfʁɔʏt]; born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method ...more

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3
Roberta Bondar is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Roberta Bondar Age: 73

Birthplace: Sault Ste. Marie, Canada

Roberta Bondar (; born December 4, 1945) is Canada's first female astronaut and the first neurologist in space. After more than a decade as head of an international space medicine research team ...more

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4
Ernest Jones is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Dec. at 79 (1879-1958)

Birthplace: Glamorgan, United Kingdom

Alfred Ernest Jones (1 January 1879 – 11 February 1958) was a Welsh neurologist and psychoanalyst. A lifelong friend and colleague of Sigmund Freud from their first meeting in 1908, he became ...more
5
Alastair Buchan is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Age: 63
Professor Alastair Buchan (born 16 October 1955) is a neurologist and researcher in stroke medicine. His main research interest has always been how to make neuroprotection a reality in the ...more
6
António Egas Moni... is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Dec. at 81 (1874-1955)

Birthplace: Avanca

António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz (29 November 1874 – 13 December 1955), known as Egas Moniz (Portuguese: [ˈɛɣɐʒ muˈniʃ]), was a Portuguese neurologist and the developer of ...more
7
Steven Novella is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Age: 54
Steven Paul Novella (born July 29, 1964) is an American clinical neurologist and assistant professor at Yale University School of Medicine. Novella is best known for his involvement in the ...more
8
Susan Hockfield is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Age: 67

Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois

Susan Hockfield (born March 24, 1951) is an American neuroscientist who from December 2004 through June 2012 served as the sixteenth president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ...more
9
William Benjamin Carpent... is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Dec. at 72 (1813-1885)

Birthplace: Exeter, United Kingdom

William Benjamin Carpenter CB FRS (29 October 1813 – 19 November 1885) was an English physician, invertebrate zoologist and physiologist. He was instrumental in the early stages of the unified ...more
10
Louann Brizendine is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Age: 67
Louann Brizendine, M.D., (born December 30, 1952) is an American scientist, a neuropsychiatrist who is both a researcher and a clinician and professor at the University of California, San ...more
11
Mayim Bialik is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Age: 43

Birthplace: San Diego, California, United States of America

Mayim Chaya Bialik ( MY-əm bee-AH-lik; born December 12, 1975) is an American actress, author, and neuroscientist. From 1991 to 1995, she played the title character of the NBC sitcom Blossom. ...more

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12
Christof Koch is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Age: 62

Birthplace: Kansas City, Missouri

Christof Koch (; born November 13, 1956) is a German-American neuroscientist best known for his work on the neural bases of consciousness. He is the president and chief scientist of the Allen ...more
13
Alois Alzheimer is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Dec. at 51 (1864-1915)

Birthplace: Marktbreit, Germany

Aloysius Alzheimer (also known as Alois Alzheimer; ; German: [ˈaːlɔɪs ˈaltshaɪmɐ]; June 14, 1864 – December 19, 1915) was a German psychiatrist and neuropathologist and a colleague of Emil ...more
14
Paul Broca is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Dec. at 56 (1824-1880)

Birthplace: Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, France

Pierre Paul Broca (; 28 June 1824 – 9 July 1880) was a French physician, anatomist and anthropologist. He is best known for his research on Broca's area, a region of the frontal lobe that is ...more
15
Herbert Jasper is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Dec. at 93 (1906-1999)

Birthplace: La Grande, Oregon

Herbert Henri Jasper, (July 27, 1906 – March 11, 1999) was a Canadian psychologist, physiologist, neurologist, and epileptologist. Born in La Grande, Oregon, he attended Reed College in ...more
16
Dr. Kiki Sanford is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Age: 44

Birthplace: Santa Rosa, California

Kirsten "Kiki" Sanford is an American science communicator. After working at the University of California, Davis as a research scientist in neurophysiology, she left research work to ...more
17
Alfonso Vallejo is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Age: 76

Birthplace: Santander, Spain

Alfonso Vallejo (born 1943, Santander) is a Spanish playwright, poet, painter and neurologist. He has published 34 plays and 25 poetry books. Vallejo was awarded the Lope de Vega prize in 1976 ...more
18
Franz Joseph Gall is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Dec. at 70 (1758-1828)

Birthplace: Baden

Franz Josef Gall (German: [gal]; 9 March 1758 – 22 August 1828) was a german neuroanatomist, physiologist, and pioneer in the study of the localization of mental functions in the brain. Claimed ...more

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19
Louis R. Caplan is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Age: 82

Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland

Louis R. Caplan (born December 31, 1936) is an American physician who is a senior member of the Division of Cerebrovascular Disease at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston. He is a ...more
20
Erwin Straus is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Dec. at 84 (1891-1975)

Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany

Erwin Straus (11 November 1891, Frankfurt am Main – 20 May 1975, Lexington, Kentucky) was a German-American phenomenologist and neurologist who helped to pioneer anthropological medicine and ...more
21
Richard W. Aldrich is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Richard Warren Aldrich is an American neuroscientist who is currently the Karl Folkers Chair of Interdisciplinary Medical Research and Professor of Neurobiology in the School of Biological ...more
22
Ayad Allawi is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Age: 74

Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq

Ayad Allawi (Arabic: إياد علاوي‎. Iyād ʿAllāwī; born May 31, 1944) is an Iraqi politician. He served as Vice President of Iraq from 2014 to 2015, interim Prime Minister of Iraq from 2004 to 2005 ...more
23
Korbinian Brodmann is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Dec. at 50 (1868-1918)

Birthplace: Hohenfels, Konstanz, Germany

Korbinian Brodmann (17 November 1868 – 22 August 1918) was a German neurologist who became famous for his definition of the cerebral cortex into 52 distinct regions from their cytoarchitectonic ...more
24
Morris Bender is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Morris Bender Dec. at 78 (1905-1983)
Morris Bender (1905 in Uman, Russia – January 23, 1983 in New York, New York) was an American neuroscientist and professor of neurology at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine. He joined the ...more
25
Eric Kandel is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list List of Famous Neurologists
Age: 89

Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

Eric Richard Kandel (German: [ˈkandəl]; born November 7, 1929) is an Austrian-American medical doctor who specialized in Psychiatry, a neuroscientist and a University Professor of biochemistry ...more