List of Famous Neurologists

List of famous neurologists, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top neurologists in the world? This includes the most prominent neurologists, living and dead, both in America and abroad. While some are celebrities who majored in neuroscience, other neurologists ended up on our list of the worst doctors. This list of notable neurologists is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic neurologists were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned neurologists. 

Oliver Sacks, Eric Kandel, and Christof Koch are only the beginning of the best people in neurology on this list. Including female neurologists and the top neurosurgeons, this list has them all! 

From reputable, prominent, and well known neurologists to the lesser known neurologists of today, these are some of the best professionals in the neurologist field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous neurologists ever?" and "What are the names of famous neurologists?" then you're in the right place.

  • 1

    BirthplaceLondon, United Kingdom

    Oliver Wolf Sacks, (9 July 1933 – 30 August 2015) was a British neurologist, naturalist, historian of science, and author. Born in Britain, and mostly educated there, he spent his career in the  ...more
  • 2
    Dec. at 83 (1856-1939)

    BirthplacePříbor, Czech Republic

    Sigmund Freud ( FROYD; German: [ˈziːkmʊnt ˈfʁɔʏt]; born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for  ...more

    The Best Sigmund Freud Quotes#202 of 1,172 The Best Writers of All Time#456 of 753 People We Wish Were Still Alive

  • 3

    Roberta Bondar

    Age: 76

    BirthplaceSault Ste. Marie, Canada

    Roberta Bondar (; born December 4, 1945) is Canada's first female astronaut and the first neurologist in space. After more than a decade as head of an international space medicine research team  ...more
  • 4
    Dec. at 79 (1879-1958)

    BirthplaceGlamorgan, United Kingdom

    Alfred Ernest Jones (1 January 1879 – 11 February 1958) was a Welsh neurologist and psychoanalyst. A lifelong friend and colleague of Sigmund Freud from their first meeting in 1908, he became his  ...more
  • 5
    Professor Alastair Buchan (born 16 October 1955) is a neurologist and researcher in stroke medicine. His main research interest has always been how to make neuroprotection a reality in the clinic.   ...more
  • 6
    Dec. at 81 (1874-1955)


    António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz (29 November 1874 – 13 December 1955), known as Egas Moniz (Portuguese: [ˈɛɣɐʒ muˈniʃ]), was a Portuguese neurologist and the developer of cerebral  ...more
  • 7
    Steven Paul Novella (born July 29, 1964) is an American clinical neurologist and assistant professor at Yale University School of Medicine. Novella is best known for his involvement in the skeptical  ...more
  • 8

    BirthplaceChicago, Illinois

    Susan Hockfield (born March 24, 1951) is an American neuroscientist who from December 2004 through June 2012 served as the sixteenth president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Hockfield  ...more
  • 9
    Dec. at 72 (1813-1885)

    BirthplaceExeter, United Kingdom

    William Benjamin Carpenter CB FRS (29 October 1813 – 19 November 1885) was an English physician, invertebrate zoologist and physiologist. He was instrumental in the early stages of the unified  ...more
  • 10
    Louann Brizendine, M.D., (born December 30, 1952) is an American scientist, a neuropsychiatrist who is both a researcher and a clinician and professor at the University of California, San Francisco  ...more
  • 11

    BirthplaceSan Diego, California, USA

    Mayim Chaya Bialik ( MY-əm bee-AH-lik; born December 12, 1975) is an American actress, author, and neuroscientist. From 1991 to 1995, she played the title character of the NBC sitcom Blossom. Bialik  ...more

    #51 of 213 Celebrities Who Should Run For President#48 of 109 The Greatest '90s Teen Stars#73 of 250 The Funniest Female Comedians of All Time

  • 12

    BirthplaceKansas City, Missouri

    Christof Koch (; born November 13, 1956) is a German-American neuroscientist best known for his work on the neural bases of consciousness. He is the president and chief scientist of the Allen  ...more
  • 13
    Dec. at 51 (1864-1915)

    BirthplaceMarktbreit, Germany

    Aloysius Alzheimer (also known as Alois Alzheimer; ; German: [ˈaːlɔɪs ˈaltshaɪmɐ]; June 14, 1864 – December 19, 1915) was a German psychiatrist and neuropathologist and a colleague of Emil Kraepelin.  ...more
  • 14
    Dec. at 56 (1824-1880)

    BirthplaceSainte-Foy-la-Grande, France

    Pierre Paul Broca (; 28 June 1824 – 9 July 1880) was a French physician, anatomist and anthropologist. He is best known for his research on Broca's area, a region of the frontal lobe that is named  ...more
  • 15
    Dec. at 92 (1906-1999)

    BirthplaceLa Grande, Oregon

    Herbert Henri Jasper, (July 27, 1906 – March 11, 1999) was a Canadian psychologist, physiologist, neurologist, and epileptologist. Born in La Grande, Oregon, he attended Reed College in Portland,  ...more
  • 16

    BirthplaceSanta Rosa, California

    Kirsten "Kiki" Sanford is an American science communicator. After working at the University of California, Davis as a research scientist in neurophysiology, she left research work to pursue a career  ...more
  • 17

    BirthplaceSantander, Spain

    Alfonso Vallejo (born 1943, Santander) is a Spanish playwright, poet, painter and neurologist. He has published 34 plays and 25 poetry books. Vallejo was awarded the Lope de Vega prize in 1976 for  ...more
  • 18
    Dec. at 70 (1758-1828)


    Franz Josef Gall (German: [gal]; 9 March 1758 – 22 August 1828) was a german neuroanatomist, physiologist, and pioneer in the study of the localization of mental functions in the brain. Claimed as  ...more
  • 19

    BirthplaceBaltimore, Maryland

    Louis R. Caplan (born December 31, 1936) is an American physician who is a senior member of the Division of Cerebrovascular Disease at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston. He is a Professor  ...more
  • 20
    Dec. at 83 (1891-1975)

    BirthplaceFrankfurt, Germany

    Erwin Straus (11 November 1891, Frankfurt am Main – 20 May 1975, Lexington, Kentucky) was a German-American phenomenologist and neurologist who helped to pioneer anthropological medicine and  ...more
  • 21
    Richard Warren Aldrich is an American neuroscientist who is currently the Karl Folkers Chair of Interdisciplinary Medical Research and Professor of Neurobiology in the School of Biological Sciences  ...more
  • 22

    BirthplaceBaghdad, Iraq

    Ayad Allawi (Arabic: إياد علاوي‎. Iyād ʿAllāwī; born May 31, 1944) is an Iraqi politician. He served as Vice President of Iraq from 2014 to 2015, interim Prime Minister of Iraq from 2004 to 2005 and  ...more
  • 23
    Dec. at 49 (1868-1918)

    BirthplaceHohenfels, Konstanz, Germany

    Korbinian Brodmann (17 November 1868 – 22 August 1918) was a German neurologist who became famous for his definition of the cerebral cortex into 52 distinct regions from their cytoarchitectonic  ...more
  • 24

    Morris Bender

    Dec. at 78 (1905-1983)
    Morris Bender (1905 in Uman, Russia – January 23, 1983 in New York, New York) was an American neuroscientist and professor of neurology at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine. He joined the faculty  ...more
  • 25

    BirthplaceVienna, Austria

    Eric Richard Kandel (German: [ˈkandəl]; born November 7, 1929) is an Austrian-American medical doctor who specialized in Psychiatry, a neuroscientist and a University Professor of biochemistry and  ...more