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List of Famous Neuroscientists

Updated October 10, 2017 108.6k views68 items

List of famous neuroscientists, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top neuroscientists in the world? This includes the most prominent neuroscientists, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable neuroscientists is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic neuroscientists were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned neuroscientists.

People here include everyone from Sam Harris to Aafia Siddiqui. Featuring famous neuroscientists of history and the present, this list has it all. 

From reputable, prominent, and well known neuroscientists to the lesser known neuroscientists of today, these are some of the best professionals in the neuroscientist field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous neuroscientists ever?" and "What are the names of famous neuroscientists?" then you're in the right place. 
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  • Samuel Benjamin Harris (born April 9, 1967) is an American author, public intellectual, blogger, and podcast host primarily known for his criticism of religion, and Islam in particular. His academic...  more

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  • Gregory S. Berns is an American neuroeconomist, neuroscientist, professor of psychiatry, psychologist and writer. He lives with his family in Atlanta, Georgia, USA.Berns holds the Distinguished Chair...  more
  • Nayef Al-Rodhan

    Nayef R. F. Al-Rodhan is a philosopher, neuroscientist, geostrategist, and author. He is an Honorary Fellow of St. Antony’s College at Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom, Senior Fellow and...  more
  • Robert Morris Sapolsky (born April 6, 1957) is an American neuroendocrinologist and author. He is currently a professor of biology, and professor of neurology and neurological sciences and, by...  more
  • Antonio Damasio (Portuguese: António Damásio) is a Portuguese-American neuroscientist. He is currently the David Dornsife Chair in Neuroscience, as well as Professor of Psychology, Philosophy, and...  more
  • Eric Richard Kandel (German: [ˈkandəl]; born November 7, 1929) is an Austrian-American medical doctor who specialized in Psychiatry, a neuroscientist and a University Professor of biochemistry and...  more
  • David Eagleman (born April 25, 1971) is an American neuroscientist, author, and science communicator. He teaches as an adjunct professor at Stanford University and is CEO of NeoSensory, a company...  more
  • Christof Koch (; born November 13, 1956) is a German-American neuroscientist best known for his work on the neural bases of consciousness. He is the president and chief scientist of the Allen...  more
  • Daniel Joseph Levitin, FRSC (born December 27, 1957) is an American-Canadian cognitive psychologist, neuroscientist, writer, musician, and record producer. Levitin holds three academic appointments:...  more
  • Aafia Siddiqui ( (listen); Urdu: عافیہ صدیقی‎; born 2 March 1972) is a Pakistani neuroscientist with degrees from MIT and Brandeis University, who was convicted of multiple felonies. In 2010, she was...  more
  • Arnold J. Mandell

    Arnold J. Mandell is an American neuroscientist and psychiatrist. Born in 1934, in Chicago, Illinois, he received his M.D. from Tulane University in 1958. Founding chairman in 1969 of the Department...  more
  • Michael S. Gazzaniga (born December 12, 1939) is a professor of psychology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he heads the new SAGE Center for the Study of the Mind. He is one of...  more
  • Nancy Kopell

    Nancy Jane Kopell (born November 8, 1942, New York City) is an American mathematician and professor at Boston University. She is co-director of the Center for Computational Neuroscience and Neural...  more
  • Susan Hockfield (born March 24, 1951) is an American neuroscientist who from December 2004 through June 2012 served as the sixteenth president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Hockfield...  more
  • Susan Greenfield

    Susan Adele Greenfield, Baroness Greenfield, (born 1 October 1950) is a British scientist, writer, broadcaster, and member of the House of Lords. Her research has focused on the treatment of...  more
  • Lu Chen

    Lu Chen (Chinese: 陈路) is a Chinese-born American neuroscientist, who is an Professor of Neurosurgery, and of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University, and is a member of the Stanford...  more
  • Vilayanur Subramanian Ramachandran (born 10 August 1951) is an Indian-American neuroscientist Ramachandran is known for his wide-ranging experiments and theories in behavioral neurology, including...  more
  • Francisco Javier Varela García (September 7, 1946 – May 28, 2001) was a Chilean biologist, philosopher, and neuroscientist who, together with his mentor Humberto Maturana, is best known for...  more
  • Andrew Newberg, M.D. is an American neuroscientist who is the Director of Research at the Myrna Brind Center for Integrative Medicine at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, an Adjunct Professor of...  more
  • Joseph E. LeDoux (born December 7, 1949) is an American neuroscientist whose research is primarily focused on survival circuits, including their impacts on emotions such as fear and anxiety. LeDoux...  more
  • Solomon Halbert Snyder (born December 26, 1938) is an American neuroscientist who is known for wide-ranging contributions to neuropharmacology and neurochemistry. He studied at Georgetown University,...  more
  • Sir Colin Brian Blakemore, (born 1 June 1944), is a British neurobiologist, specialising in vision and the development of the brain, who is Professor of Neuroscience and Philosophy in the School of...  more
  • Michael M. Merzenich (born 1942 in Lebanon, Oregon) is a professor emeritus neuroscientist at the University of California, San Francisco. His contributions to the field are numerous. He took the...  more
  • Fred "Rusty" Gage (born October 8, 1950) is Adler Professor in the Laboratory of Genetics at the Salk Institute, and has concentrated on the adult central nervous system and the unexpected plasticity...  more
  • Paul Greengard (December 11, 1925 – April 13, 2019) was an American neuroscientist best known for his work on the molecular and cellular function of neurons. In 2000, Greengard, Arvid Carlsson and...  more