Education List of Famous Scholars

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List of famous scholars, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top scholars in the world? This includes the most prominent scholars, living and dead, both in America and abroad. Several of these scholars also appear on our lists of celebrities with high IQs and the hottest female geniuses. This list of notable scholars is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic scholars were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned scholars.

This list of the greatest scholars includes Angela Davis, Sigmund Freud, Cornel West, Nicolaus Copernicus, and more.

From reputable, prominent, and well known scholars to the lesser known scholars of today, these are some of the best professionals in the scholar field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous scholars ever?" and "What are the names of famous scholars?" then you're in the right place. 

1
Angela Davis is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 74 Angela Yvonne Davis is an American political activist, scholar, and author. She emerged as a prominent counterculture activist and radical in the 1960s as a leader of the Communist Party USA, ...more

2
Enoch Powell is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 86 (1912-1998) Brigadier John Enoch Powell, MBE was an English politician, classical scholar, linguist, and poet. He served as a Conservative Member of Parliament, Ulster Unionist Party MP, and Minister of ...more

3
Al-Biruni is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 75 (973-1048) Abū al-Rayhān Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Bīrūnī, known as Al-Biruni in English, was a Persian Muslim scholar and polymath from the Khwarezm region. Al-Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest ...more

4
Joseph Campbell is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 83 (1904-1987) Joseph John Campbell was an American mythologist, writer and lecturer, best known for his work in comparative mythology and comparative religion. His work is vast, covering many aspects of the ...more

5
Sigmund Freud is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 83 (1856-1939) Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist, now known as the father of psychoanalysis. Freud qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1881, and then carried out research ...more

6
Will Roscoe is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 63 Will Roscoe is an American scholar, activist, and author based in San Francisco, California. He grew up in Missoula, Montana and helped found the Lambda Alliance at the University of Montana, ...more

7
Barry Bishop is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 62 (1932-1994) Barry Chapman Bishop was an American mountaineer, scientist, photographer and scholar. With teammates Jim Whittaker, Lute Jerstad, Willi Unsoeld and Tom Hornbein, he was a member of the first ...more

8
Gloria E. Anzaldúa is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 62 (1942-2004) Gloria Evangelina Anzaldúa was a scholar of Chicana cultural theory, feminist theory, and queer theory. She loosely based her best-known book, Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza, on ...more

9
Nicolaus Copernicus is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 70 (1473-1543) Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at its center. The publication of this model ...more

10
Christopher Hogwood is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 73 (1941-2014) Christopher Jarvis Haley Hogwood CBE was an English conductor, harpsichordist, writer, and musicologist. Founder of the early music ensemble the Academy of Ancient Music, he was an authority on ...more

11
Aḥmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Abū al‐Qāsim, Aḥmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir was a scholar.

12
Cornel West is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 64 Cornel Ronald West is an American philosopher, academic, activist, author, public intellectual, and prominent member of the Democratic Socialists of America. The son of a Baptist minister, West ...more

13
Muḥammad ibn Mūsá Ibn Shākir is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Abū Jaʿfar, Muḥammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir was a scholar.

14
Adam Smith is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 67 (1723-1790) Adam Smith was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and key Scottish Enlightenment figure. Smith is best known for two classic works: The Theory of Moral Sentiments, and ...more

15
Jean-Jacques Lebel is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 82 Jean-Jacques Lebel is a French artist, poet, poetry publisher, political activist and scholar born in Paris in 1936. He is known primarily for his work with Happenings, and as an art theory ...more

16
Michael Berenbaum is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 72 Michael Berenbaum is an American scholar, professor, rabbi, writer, and filmmaker, who specializes in the study of the Holocaust. He served as Deputy Director of the President's Commission on ...more

17
Al-Jazari is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 70 (1136-1206) Badi'al-Zaman Abū al-'Izz ibn Ismā'īl ibn al-Razāz al-Jazarī was a Muslim polymath: a scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, craftsman, artist, and mathematician from Jazirat ibn Umar, who ...more

18
Fathullah Shirazi is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Fathullah Shirazi, sometimes referred to as Amir Fathullah Shirazi, was a Persian-Indian polymath—a scholar, Islamic jurist, finance minister, mechanical engineer, inventor, mathematician, ...more

19
Julie Kane is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 66 Julie Kane is a contemporary American poet, scholar, and editor and the Louisiana Poet Laureate for the 2011–2013 term.

20
Fred Wah is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 79 Frederick James Wah, OC, is a Canadian poet, novelist, scholar and former Canadian Parliamentary Poet Laureate.

21
Christopher Brennan is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 62 (1870-1932) Christopher John Brennan was an Australian poet and scholar.

22
Claudio Magris is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 79 Claudio Magris is a writer.

23
Abigail Disney is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 58 Abigail E. Disney is an American filmmaker, and scholar known for her documentary films focused on social themes.

24
Desiderius Erasmus is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 70 (1466-1536) Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus, known as Erasmus of Rotterdam, or simply Erasmus, was a Dutch Renaissance humanist, Catholic priest, social critic, teacher, and theologian. Erasmus was a ...more

25
Robert Hooke is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 68 (1635-1703) Robert Hooke FRS was an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath. His adult life comprised three distinct periods: as a scientific inquirer lacking money; achieving great wealth and ...more

26
Umberto Eco is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 86 Umberto Eco, OMRI is an Italian semiotician, essayist, philosopher, literary critic, and novelist. He is best known for his groundbreaking 1980 historical mystery novel Il nome della rosa, an ...more

27
John Stuart Mill is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 67 (1806-1873) John Stuart Mill was a British philosopher, political economist and civil servant. He was an influential contributor to social theory, political theory and political economy. He has been called ...more

28
Felix Frankfurter is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 83 (1882-1965) Felix Frankfurter was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Frankfurter was born in Vienna and immigrated to New York at the age of 12. He graduated from Harvard Law School ...more

29
Amiri Baraka is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 80 (1934-2014) Amiri Baraka, formerly known as LeRoi Jones and Imamu Amear Baraka, was an African-American writer of poetry, drama, fiction, essays and music criticism. He was the author of numerous books of ...more

30
Dante Alighieri is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 56 (1265-1321) Durante degli Alighieri, simply called Dante, was a major Italian poet of the late Middle Ages. His Divine Comedy, originally called Comedìa and later called Divina by Boccaccio, is ...more

31
Roy Miki is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 75 Roy Akira Miki, CM OBC FRSC is a Canadian poet and scholar. Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba to second generation Japanese-Canadian parents, he attended the University of Manitoba, the University of ...more

32
Manly Palmer Hall is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 89 (1901-1990) Manly Palmer Hall was a Canadian-born author and mystic. He is best known for his 1928 work The Secret Teachings of All Ages.

33
Rosanna Warren is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 64 Rosanna Phelps Warren is an American poet and scholar.

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Karl Wilhelm Friedrich von Sch... is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 57 (1772-1829) Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel was a German poet, literary critic, philosopher, philologist and indologist. With his older brother, August Wilhelm Schlegel, he was one of the main figures of ...more

35
Ermolao Barbaro is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 39 (1454-1493) Ermolao or Hermolao Barbaro, also Hermolaus Barbarus, was an Italian Renaissance scholar.

36
Roberto Gerhard is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 74 (1896-1970) Robert Gerhard i Ottenwaelder was a Catalan composer and musical scholar and writer, generally known outside Catalonia as Roberto Gerhard.

37
Christopher Ricks is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 85 Sir Christopher Bruce Ricks, FBA is a British literary critic and scholar. He is the William M. and Sara B. Warren Professor of the Humanities at Boston University and Co-Director of the ...more

38
Muhammad Asad is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 92 (1900-1992) Muhammad Asad was a Jewish-born Austro-Hungarian journalist, traveler, writer, linguist, thinker, political theorist, diplomat and Islamic scholar. Asad was one of the most influential European ...more

39
Adam Carse is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 80 (1878-1958) Adam Carse was born in Newcastle upon Tyne. He was educated in Hanover and was a Macfarren scholar at the Royal Academy of Music, London where he studied composition with Frederick Corder. He ...more

40
LeAnne Howe is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 67 LeAnne Howe is an American author and Eidson Distinguished Professor in the Department of English at the University of Georgia, Athens. An enrolled member of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, ...more

41
Charles Dodgson is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 68 (1800-1868) Charles Dodgson was an Anglican cleric, scholar and author. He was the father of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, better known as Lewis Carroll. Charles Dodgson was born in 1800 in Hamilton, ...more

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Sir Patrick Leigh Fermor is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 96 (1915-2011) Sir Patrick Michael Leigh Fermor, DSO, OBE, also known as Paddy Fermor, was a British author, scholar and soldier who played a prominent role behind the lines in the Cretan resistance during the ...more

43
Rodolphus Agricola is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 42 (1443-1485) Rodolphus Agricola was a pre-Erasmian humanist of the northern Low Countries, famous for his supple Latin and one of the first north of the Alps to know Greek well. Agricola was a Hebrew scholar ...more

44
Jo Ann Boydston is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 87 (1924-2011) Jo Ann Boydston was an expert on American philosopher John Dewey, a former Director of the Center for Dewey Studies and Distinguished Professor Emerita at Southern Illinois University.

45
William Arrowsmith is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list List of Famous Scholars
William Arrowsmith Died at 68 (1924-1992) William Ayres Arrowsmith was an American classicist, academic, and translator.

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Al-Ḥasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Al-Ḥasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir was a scholar.

47
Richard L. Hunter is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 65 Richard Lawrence Hunter, FBA is a classical scholar and has since 2001 been the 37th Regius Professor of Greek at Cambridge University.

48
Ahmad Baba al Massufi is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 71 (1556-1627) Ahmad Baba al-Massufi al-Timbukti, full name Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn Ahmad al-Takruri Al-Massufi al-Timbukti, was a medieval Songhai writer, scholar, and political provocateur in the area then ...more

49
James P. Taylor is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 77 (1872-1949) James P. Taylor was a scholar, educator and publicist.

50
Fabritio Caroso is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Died at 74 (1526-1600) Fabritio Caroso da Sermoneta was an Italian Renaissance dancing master and a composer or transcriber of dance music. His dance manual Il Ballarino was published in 1581, with a subsequent ...more