Education

List of Famous Scholars

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List of famous scholars, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top scholars in the world? This includes the most prominent scholars, living and dead, both in America and abroad. Several of these scholars also appear on our lists of celebrities with high IQs and the hottest female geniuses. This list of notable scholars is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic scholars were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned scholars.

This list of the greatest scholars includes Angela Davis, Sigmund Freud, Cornel West, Nicolaus Copernicus, and more.

From reputable, prominent, and well known scholars to the lesser known scholars of today, these are some of the best professionals in the scholar field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous scholars ever?" and "What are the names of famous scholars?" then you're in the right place. 

1
Angela Davis is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 75
Angela Yvonne Davis is an American political activist, scholar, and author. She emerged as a prominent counterculture activist and radical in the 1960s as a leader of the Communist Party USA, ...more
2
Enoch Powell is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Dec. at 86 (1912-1998)
Brigadier John Enoch Powell, MBE was an English politician, classical scholar, linguist, and poet. He served as a Conservative Member of Parliament, Ulster Unionist Party MP, and Minister of ...more
3
Al-Biruni is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Dec. at 75 (973-1048)
Abū al-Rayhān Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Bīrūnī, known as Al-Biruni in English, was a Persian Muslim scholar and polymath from the Khwarezm region. Al-Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest ...more
4
Joseph Campbell is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Dec. at 83 (1904-1987)
Joseph John Campbell was an American mythologist, writer and lecturer, best known for his work in comparative mythology and comparative religion. His work is vast, covering many aspects of the ...more
5
Sigmund Freud is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Dec. at 83 (1856-1939)
Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist, now known as the father of psychoanalysis. Freud qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1881, and then carried out research ...more
6
Will Roscoe is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 64
Will Roscoe is an American scholar, activist, and author based in San Francisco, California. He grew up in Missoula, Montana and helped found the Lambda Alliance at the University of Montana, ...more
7
Barry Bishop is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Dec. at 62 (1932-1994)
Barry Chapman Bishop was an American mountaineer, scientist, photographer and scholar. With teammates Jim Whittaker, Lute Jerstad, Willi Unsoeld and Tom Hornbein, he was a member of the first ...more
8
Gloria E. Anzaldúa is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Dec. at 62 (1942-2004)
Gloria Evangelina Anzaldúa was a scholar of Chicana cultural theory, feminist theory, and queer theory. She loosely based her best-known book, Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza, on ...more
9
Nicolaus Copernicus is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Dec. at 70 (1473-1543)
Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at its center. The publication of this model ...more
10
Christopher Hogwood is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Dec. at 73 (1941-2014)
Christopher Jarvis Haley Hogwood CBE was an English conductor, harpsichordist, writer, and musicologist. Founder of the early music ensemble the Academy of Ancient Music, he was an authority on ...more
11
Aḥmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Abū al‐Qāsim, Aḥmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir was a scholar.
12
Cornel West is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 65
Cornel Ronald West is an American philosopher, academic, activist, author, public intellectual, and prominent member of the Democratic Socialists of America. The son of a Baptist minister, West ...more
13
Muḥammad ibn Mūsá Ibn Shākir is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Abū Jaʿfar, Muḥammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir was a scholar.
14
Adam Smith is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Dec. at 67 (1723-1790)
Adam Smith was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and key Scottish Enlightenment figure. Smith is best known for two classic works: The Theory of Moral Sentiments, and ...more
15
Jean-Jacques Lebel is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 83
Jean-Jacques Lebel is a French artist, poet, poetry publisher, political activist and scholar born in Paris in 1936. He is known primarily for his work with Happenings, and as an art theory ...more
16
Michael Berenbaum is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 73
Michael Berenbaum is an American scholar, professor, rabbi, writer, and filmmaker, who specializes in the study of the Holocaust. He served as Deputy Director of the President's Commission on ...more
17
Al-Jazari is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Dec. at 70 (1136-1206)
Badi'al-Zaman Abū al-'Izz ibn Ismā'īl ibn al-Razāz al-Jazarī was a Muslim polymath: a scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, craftsman, artist, and mathematician from Jazirat ibn Umar, who ...more
18
Fathullah Shirazi is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Fathullah Shirazi, sometimes referred to as Amir Fathullah Shirazi, was a Persian-Indian polymath—a scholar, Islamic jurist, finance minister, mechanical engineer, inventor, mathematician, ...more
19
Julie Kane is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 67
Julie Kane is a contemporary American poet, scholar, and editor and the Louisiana Poet Laureate for the 2011–2013 term.
20
Fred Wah is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 80
Frederick James Wah, OC, is a Canadian poet, novelist, scholar and former Canadian Parliamentary Poet Laureate.
21
Christopher Brennan is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Dec. at 62 (1870-1932)
Christopher John Brennan was an Australian poet and scholar.
22
Claudio Magris is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 79
Claudio Magris is a writer.
23
Abigail Disney is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list List of Famous Scholars
age 59
Abigail E. Disney is an American filmmaker, and scholar known for her documentary films focused on social themes.
24
Desiderius Erasmus is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Dec. at 70 (1466-1536)
Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus, known as Erasmus of Rotterdam, or simply Erasmus, was a Dutch Renaissance humanist, Catholic priest, social critic, teacher, and theologian. Erasmus was a ...more
25
Robert Hooke is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list List of Famous Scholars
Dec. at 68 (1635-1703)
Robert Hooke FRS was an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath. His adult life comprised three distinct periods: as a scientific inquirer lacking money; achieving great wealth and ...more