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List of Famous Theologians

Updated November 29, 2017 77.3k views205 items
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List of famous theologians, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top theologians in the world? This includes the most prominent theologians, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable theologians is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic theologians were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned theologians.

The list you're viewing is made up of many different people, including Martin Luther and Ian Bradley. Featuring German theologians, Christian theologians, Dutch theologians, modern theologians, great theologians, and more, 

From reputable, prominent, and well known theologians to the lesser known theologians of today, these are some of the best professionals in the theologian field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous theologians ever?" and "What are the names of famous theologians?" then you're in the right place. 
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  • Pope Benedict XVI (born 16 April 1927) is a retired prelate of the Catholic Church who served as head of the Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 2005 until his resignation in 2013....  more

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  • Albert Schweitzer (14 January 1875 – 4 September 1965) was an Alsatian polymath. He was a theologian, organist, writer, humanitarian, philosopher, and physician. A Lutheran, Schweitzer challenged...  more
  • Martin Luther, , (; German: [ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈlʊtɐ]; 10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant...  more

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  • John Calvin (;French: Jean Calvin [ʒɑ̃ kalvɛ̃]; born Jehan Cauvin; 10 July 1509 – 27 May 1564) was a French theologian, pastor and reformer in Geneva during the Protestant Reformation. He was a...  more

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  • John Wesley (; 28 June [O.S. 17 June] 1703 – 2 March 1791) was an English cleric, theologian and evangelist who was a leader of a revival movement within the Church of England known as Methodism. The...  more
  • Desiderius Erasmus

    Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (; 28 October 1466 – 12 July 1536), known as Erasmus or Erasmus of Rotterdam, was a Dutch philosopher and Christian humanist who is widely considered to have been the...  more

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  • Søren Aabye Kierkegaard ( SORR-ən KEER-kə-gard, also US: -⁠gor, Danish: [sɶːɐ̯n̩ ˈkʰiɐ̯kəkɒːˀ] (listen); 5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855) was a Danish philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic and...  more
  • Avery Robert Dulles, S.J. (; August 24, 1918 – December 12, 2008) was a Jesuit priest, theologian and cardinal of the Catholic Church. Dulles served on the faculty of Woodstock College from 1960 to...  more
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer (German: [ˈdiːtʁɪç ˈboːnhœfɐ]; 4 February 1906 – 9 April 1945) was a German pastor, theologian, anti-Nazi dissident, and key founding member of the Confessing Church. His writings...  more
  • Karl Paul Reinhold Niebuhr (1892–1971) was an American Reformed theologian, ethicist, commentator on politics and public affairs, and professor at Union Theological Seminary for more than 30 years....  more
  • Ian Campbell Bradley (born 28 May 1950) is a retired British academic, author, theologian, Church of Scotland minister, journalist and broadcaster. At the University of St Andrews, he was Professor...  more
  • Mary Daly (October 16, 1928 – January 3, 2010) was an American radical feminist philosopher, academic, and theologian. Daly, who described herself as a "radical lesbian feminist", taught at the...  more
  • Nasir al-Din Tusi

    Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Tūsī (Persian: محمد بن محمد بن حسن طوسی‎‎ 18 February 1201 – 26 June 1274), better known as Nasir al-Din Tusi (Persian: نصیر الدین طوسی‎; or simply Tusi in the...  more
  • Peter Abelard (; Latin: Petrus Abaelardus or Abailardus; French: Pierre Abélard, pronounced [a.be.laːʁ]; 1079 – 21 April 1142) was a medieval French scholastic philosopher, theologian, and preeminent...  more
  • Mercy Oduyoye

    Mercy Amba Oduyoye is a Methodist theologian known for her work in African women's theology. She is currently the director of the Institute of African Women in Religion and Culture at Trinity...  more
  • Elizabeth A. Johnson

    Elizabeth A. Johnson is a Christian feminist theologian. She is a Distinguished Professor of Theology at Fordham University, a Jesuit institution in New York City. She is a member of the Sisters of...  more
  • Johan Adam Heyns (27 May 1928 – 5 November 1994) was an Afrikaner Calvinist theologian and moderator of the general synod of the Nederduits Gereformeerde Kerk (NGK) in South Africa. He was...  more
  • Karl Barth (; German: [baɐ̯t]; (1886-05-10)May 10, 1886 – (1968-12-10)December 10, 1968) was a Swiss Reformed theologian who is most well known for his landmark The Epistle to the Romans, involvement...  more
  • Karl Theodor Jaspers (; German: [ˈkaɐ̯l ˈjaspɐs]; 23 February 1883 – 26 February 1969) was a German-Swiss psychiatrist and philosopher who had a strong influence on modern theology, psychiatry, and...  more
  • Alister Edgar McGrath (born 1953) is a Northern Irish theologian, priest, intellectual historian, scientist, Christian apologist, and public intellectual. He currently holds the Andreas Idreos...  more
  • Paul Johannes Tillich (August 20, 1886 – October 22, 1965) was a German-American Christian existentialist philosopher and Lutheran Protestant theologian who is widely regarded as one of the most...  more
  • Jonathan Edwards was a Protestant preacher, philosopher, and theologian. Edwards "is widely acknowledged to be America's most important and original philosophical theologian," and one of America's...  more
  • Seyyed Mohammad Khatami (Persian: سید محمد خاتمی‎, pronounced [ sejˈjed mohæmˈmæde xɒːtæˈmiː] (listen); born 14 October 1943) served as the fifth President of Iran from 3 August 1997 to 3 August...  more
  • Michael Servetus (; Spanish: Miguel Serveto as real name, French: Michel Servet), also known as Miguel Servet, Miguel de Villanueva, Michel Servet, Revés, or Michel de Villeneuve (Villanueva de...  more
  • Leonardo Boff (Portuguese pronunciation: [leoˈnaʁdu ˈbɔf], born December 14, 1938), born as Genézio Darci Boff (pronounced [ʒeˈnɛzju daʁˈsi ˈbɔf]), is a Brazilian theologian and writer, known for his...  more