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List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries

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A list of famous Indian inventions and innovations. Ancient cultures have long been known to discover, create, and produce new and useful tools, medicines, and foods, and ancient Indian inventions are among the most popular discoveries still used today. This list of Indian inventions includes items like calico, playing cards, and plastic surgery as well as modern Indian discoveries such as cashmere the number pi.

Over the years, historical inventions from India have helped move society forward, enabling humans to hunt, eat, and travel in much more efficient ways. Ancient India inventions have also allowed people to learn more about the world, keep safe from wildlife, and stay healthier longer.

These inventions by Indian inventors are labeled by era from which they came. Vote for your favorites to move them to the top of the list, and add any that you see missing.
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  • 1

    Button, ornamental

    2000 BCE
  • 2

    Calico

  • 3

    Carding, devices for

    2nd century
  • 4

    Chaturanga and Shatranj

    280 CE
  • 5

    Chintz

  • 6

    Coherer, iron and mercury

    1899
  • 7

    Cotton gin, single-roller

    5th century
  • 8

    Crescograph

    Early 20th century
  • 9

    Crucible Steel

    300 BCE
  • 10

    Dock (maritime)

    2400 BCE
  • 11

    Incense clock

  • 12

    India ink, carbonaceous pigment for

    4th century BCE
  • 13

    Indian clubs

    18th century
  • 14
    1500 BCE
  • 15
    6th century
  • 16
    9th century
  • 17

    Palampore

  • 18
  • 19

    Prayer Flags

    800 CE
  • 20

    Prefabricated home and movable structure

    16th century
  • 21

    Rocket artillery, iron-cased and metal-cylinder

    1780
  • 22

    Ruler

    1500 BCE
  • 23

    Seamless celestial globe

  • 24
    1943
  • 25

    Stepwell

    2500 BCE