Indian written works and art dealing with sexuality, gender, and relationships date back thousands of years. The subcontinent has a relatively well documented history of sexuality, and that history is long, complicated, and at times contradictory. India is generally considered the first place to provide education in sexuality and relationships, and produced ancient texts promoting female pleasure. It's also a place where, in certain empires, women were secluded and covered, and where widows were forced to go up in flames on their husband's pyre.
The history of humans in the India subcontinent is extensive, complex, and overflowing with civilizations, cultures, languages, religions, and globally significant figures (the historical Buddha, for instance). Comprehensive accounts of this history are typically subdivided into mega eras, each of which is broken into its most significant epochs, which are explained through further sub-categories; such obsessive regulation is necessary, given the enormity of the land (about the size of western Europe) and its history. Early humans arrived as many as 70,000 years ago, and India's first major civilizations flourished in the 3rd millennium BCE. Documentation on physical relations in India covers ancient civilization (c. 3300 BCE - c. 650 CE) as well as the medieval (c. 650 - 1526 CE) and/or early modern (1526 - 1858 CE) eras.
The people of India have a history of openly embracing sexuality, much of it intrinsically tied to religion. If surviving artifacts and written works are honest indications, lovemaking in ancient Indian culture was highly sensual, involving open relationships, erotic texts and artwork, and tantalizing games. Any history of sex in India would be remiss not examine the Kama Sutra, an ancient text on navigating love, relationships, and sexuality that famous includes a lot of suggested positions. Given its geographical location - isolated by mountains across the north and oceans all around its massive peninsula - India developed as a unique region. Though there was regular contact with the civilizations around it, including ancient Greek and Rome, India's is, like China's, a continuous civilization, and should be considered apart from civilizations of the ancient world, such as Greece or Rome.