historical figures Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth  

Notable Famous Deaths
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Maternal death was a common tragedy long ago. In ancient times, maternal mortality rates were particularly high and generally related to complications during delivery. Nearly one in every 100 live births resulted in a mother's death during delivery as recently as 90 years ago. Experts say obesity and giving birth in late 30s and 40s, increases the risk of maternal deaths. Death from childbirth remains fairly rare in the United States now and the rate of the maternal death in childbirth has plummeted in the 20th century worldwide.

Agafya Grushetskaya is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Agafya Grushetskaya 1681

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Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgi... is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia Died at 21 (1870-1891) Wife of Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia (Александра Георгиевна), née Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Πριγκίπισσα Αλεξάνδρα της Ελλάδας και Δανίας) (30 August 1870 – ...more

Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlov... is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia Died at 18 (1783-1801) Archduchess of Austria as wife of Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary
Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia, was a daughter of Tsar Paul I of Russia and sister of Emperors Alexander I and Nicholas I. She became Archduchess of Austria upon her marriage to ...more

Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt Died at 23 (1861-1884) First wife of Theodore Roosevelt Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt was an American socialite and the first wife of President Theodore Roosevelt. Less than two days after giving birth to their only child, Roosevelt died from Bright's ...more

Alix, Duchess of Brittany is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Alix, Duchess of Brittany Died at 20 (1201-1221) Duchess of Brittany Alix of Thouars was hereditary Duchess of Brittany and 5th Countess of Richmond from 1203 to her death.

Anna Charlotta Schr�derhiem is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Anna Charlotta Schr�derhiem Salonist and socialite

Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna... is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia Died at 28 (1718-1746) Regent of Russia and mother of Ivan VI of Russia Anna Leopoldovna of Russia, also known as Anna Karlovna, regent of Russia for a few months during the minority of her baby son Ivan. She was the daughter of Tsarevna Catherine of Russia and of ...more

Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of... is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia Died at 20 (1708-1728) Daughter of Catherine I of Russia and mother of Peter III of Russia Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia, Tsesarevna of Russia was the elder daughter of Emperor Peter I of Russia and Empress Catherine I of Russia. Her sister, Elizabeth of Russia, ruled as ...more

Anna von Schweidnitz is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Anna von Schweidnitz Died at 23 (1339-1362) Third wife of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor Anna of Schweidnitz was Queen of Bohemia, German Queen, and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire. She was the third wife of Emperor Charles IV.

Barbara Zápolya is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Barbara Zápolya Died at 20 (1495-1515) Queen of Poland Barbara Zápolya was Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania as the first wife of King Sigismund I the Old. Marriage to Barbara represented an alliance between Sigismund and the ...more

Blanche of Navarre, Duchess of... is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Blanche of Navarre, Duchess of Brittany Died at 57 (1226-1283) Wife of the f*ture King Sancho III of Castile Blanche of Navarre, also known as Blanche of Champagne, was the daughter of Theobald the Troubador, King of Navarre and Count of Champagne, and his second wife Agnes of Beaujeu. She was a member ...more

Carin du Rietz is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Carin du Rietz Died at 22 (1766-1788) Adventurer Carin or Karin du Rietz was a Swedish woman who became a soldier at the Royal guard in the guise of a man. She was the first woman in the Swedish royal guard. Her story was a well known and ...more

Catherine Parr is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Catherine Parr Died at 36 (1512-1548) Sixth Wife Henry VIII of England Catherine Parr was Queen of England from 1543 until 1547, as the last of the six wives of King Henry VIII. She married him on 12 July 1543, and outlived him. She was also the most-married ...more

Cecilia Mettler is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Cecilia Mettler Died at 34 (1909-1943) Medical historian Cecilia Charlotte Asper Mettler was a medical historian. She was one of the first full-time, and the first female, professors of the history of medicine in the United States. Mettler was born on ...more

Charlotte Christine of Brunswi... is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg Died at 21 (1694-1715) Wife of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia Charlotte Christine Sophie also known as Sophie Charlotte or simply Charlotte, was the wife of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia. She was the daughter of Louis Rudolph, Duke of ...more

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Christiana Oxenstierna is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Christiana Oxenstierna Noble

Eleanor de Montfort is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Eleanor de Montfort Died at 30 (1252-1282) Princess of Wales and Lady of Snowdon Eleanor de Montfort, Princess of Wales and Lady of Snowdon was a daughter of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Eleanor of England. She was also the second woman who can be shown to ...more

Elisabeth Helene von Vieregg is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Elisabeth Helene von Vieregg The spouse of the king

Elisabeth of Valois is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Elisabeth of Valois Died at 23 (1545-1568) Third wife of Philip II of Spain Elisabeth of Valois was a Spanish queen consort. The eldest daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici, she married Philip II of Spain as his third wife.

Elizabeth of York is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Elizabeth of York Died at 37 (1466-1503) Queen of Henry VII of England and mother of Henry VIII Elizabeth of York was queen consort of England from 1486 until her death. As the wife of Henry VII, she was the first Tudor queen. She was the daughter of Edward IV, niece of Richard III and ...more

Emilia Uggla is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Emilia Uggla Pianist

Emilie Hammarskj�ld is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Emilie Hammarskj�ld Composer, musician, member of the Royal Swedish academy of Music

Gabrielle d'Estrées is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Gabrielle d'Estrées Died at 26 (1573-1599) Mistress of the French King, died following eclampsia Gabrielle d'Estrées, Duchess of Beaufort and Verneuil, Marchioness of Monceaux was a mistress of Henry IV of France, born at either the Château de la Bourdaisière in ...more

Galla is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Galla Wife of Theodosius I. Flavia Galla was an Empress of the Roman Empire and a Princess of the Western Roman Empire. She was the second Empress consort of Theodosius I. She was daughter of Valentinian I and his second ...more

Gianna Beretta Molla is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Gianna Beretta Molla Died at 40 (1922-1962) Pediatrician who was canonized by Pope John Paul II in 2004. Saint Gianna Beretta Molla was an Italian pediatrician, wife and mother who is best known for refusing both an abortion and a hysterectomy when she was pregnant with her fourth child, despite ...more

Grand Duchess Natalia Alexeiev... is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Grand Duchess Natalia Alexeievna of Russia First daughter in law of Catherine II of Russia the child was stillborn

Hedvig Taube is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Hedvig Taube Died at 30 (1714-1744) Royal mistress, salonist Hedvig Ulrika Taube also Countess von Hessenstein was a Swedish noble and salonist, official royal mistress to King Frederick I of Sweden. She is generally considered to have been the only ...more

Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela o... is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain First wife of Louis, Dauphin of France

Ingeborg Eriksdotter of Sweden is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Ingeborg Eriksdotter of Sweden Died at 42 (1212-1254) Princess and the mother of the king Ingeborg Eriksdotter was a Swedish princess and duchess, daughter of King Eric X of Sweden, eldest sibling of King Eric XI of Sweden, wife of Birger Jarl, and mother of King Valdemar I of

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Isabella Beeton is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Isabella Beeton Died at 29 (1836-1865) Isabella Mary Beeton, universally known as Mrs Beeton, was the English author of Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management, and is one of the best-known and posthumously best-selling cookery ...more

Isabella of Aragon, Queen of P... is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Isabella of Aragon, Queen of Portugal Died at 28 (1470-1498) Married Afonso of Portugal and Manuel I of Portugal Isabella, Princess of Asturias was a Queen consort of Portugal and heiress presumptive of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, as their eldest daughter. Her younger ...more

Isabella of Mar is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Isabella of Mar Died at 19 (1277-1296) First wife of Robert I of Scotland, after delivering Marjorie Bruce, who also died in childbirth Isabella of Mar was the first wife of Robert the Bruce and the grandmother of Robert II of Scotland, founder of the royal House of Stuart. She died before Robert was crowned King of Scots, and ...more

Jadwiga of Poland is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Jadwiga of Poland Died at 26 (1373-1399) Monarch of Poland Jadwiga was the female king of Poland from 1384 to her death. She was a member of the Capetian House of Anjou, the daughter of king Louis I of Hungary and Elizabeth of Bosnia. Queens regnant ...more

Jane Seymour is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Jane Seymour Died at 29 (1508-1537) Third wife of Henry VIII of England and mother of Edward VI Jane Seymour was Queen of England from 1536 to 1537 as the third wife of King Henry VIII. She succeeded Anne Boleyn as queen consort following the latter's execution for high treason, incest and ...more

Judith of Habsburg is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Judith of Habsburg Queen of Bohemia

Julia is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Julia Died at 38 (5-43) Daughter of Julius Caesar Julia Drusi Caesaris Filia or Julia Livia, was the daughter of Drusus Julius Caesar and Livilla and granddaughter to the Roman Emperor Tiberius, she was also first cousin of the emperor Caligula ...more

Kalanipauahi is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Kalanipauahi Died at 22 (1804-1826) Hawaiian queen consort/princess and a member of the House of Kamehameha Pauahi was a member of the royal family of the Kingdom of Hawaii in the House of Kamehameha. Referred as Pauahi in her lifetime, she is often referred to as Kalanipauahi or Kalani Pauahi so as ...more

Louise Diane d'Orléans is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Louise Diane d'Orléans Died at 20 (1716-1736) Princesse de Conti, youngest daughter of Philippe d'Orleans, Regent of France' Louise Diane d'Orléans was the sixth daughter and last child of Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans and his wife, Françoise Marie de Bourbon, the youngest legitimised ...more

Margaret of Scotland, Queen of... is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Margaret of Scotland, Queen of Norway Died at 22 (1261-1283) Queen of Norway Margaret of Scotland was Queen of Norway as the wife of King Eric II.

Margravine Auguste Marie Johan... is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Margravine Auguste Marie Johanna of Baden-Baden Paternal great-grandmother of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French

Archduchess Maria Anna of Aust... is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria Died at 55 (1610-1665) Archduchess of Austria Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, was by birth Archduchess of Austria and member of the House of Habsburg and by marriage Electress of Bavaria.

Maria Leopoldina of Austria is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Maria Leopoldina of Austria Died at 29 (1797-1826) Mother of Maria II of Portugal and Emperor Pedro II of Brazil Dona Maria Leopoldina of Austria was an archduchess of Austria, Empress consort of Brazil and Queen consort of Portugal. She was born in Vienna, Austria, as the daughter of Holy Roman Emperor ...more

Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela o... is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain Died at 20 (1726-1746) Duchesse de Penthi�vre and maternal grandmother of Louis-Philippe I Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain was an Infanta of Spain by birth and was later the wife of Louis, Dauphin of France, son of Louis XV of France. She died aged 20, while giving birth to a daughter ...more

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Marietta Robusti is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Marietta Robusti Died at 30 (1560-1590) 16th century artist and daughter of the artist Jacopo Tintoretto Marietta Robusti was a female Venetian painter of the Renaissance period. She is one of very few known female artists of this period, a group that included Sofonisba Anguissola, Lucia ...more

Marjorie Bruce is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Marjorie Bruce Died at 20 (1296-1316) After delivering the f*ture Robert II of Scotland Marjorie Bruce or Marjorie de Brus was the eldest daughter of Robert the Bruce, King of Scots by his first wife, Isabella of Mar, and the founder of the Stewart dynasty. Her marriage to Walter, ...more

Marjorie Oelrichs is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Marjorie Oelrichs Died at 29 (1908-1937) Socialite Marjorie Oelrichs Duchin, nicknamed "Bubbles", was an American socialite. The daughter of Charles and Marjorie Oelrichs, she became the wife of dance bandleader Eddy Duchin after the ...more

Mary de Bohun is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Mary de Bohun Died at 26 (1368-1394) First wife of Henry IV of England and mother of Henry V Mary de Bohun was the first wife of King Henry IV of England and the mother of King Henry V. Mary was never queen, as she died before her husband came to the throne.

Mary Wollstonecraft is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Mary Wollstonecraft Died at 38 (1759-1797) Author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman and mother of Mary Shelley Mary Wollstonecraft was an English writer, philosopher, and advocate of women's rights. During her brief career, she wrote novels, treatises, a travel narrative, a history of the French ...more

Meketaten is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Meketaten Daughter of Pharaoh Akhenaten and Queen Nefertiti. Meketaten was the second daughter of six born to the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten and his Great Royal Wife Nefertiti. She was probably born in year 4 of Akhenaten's reign. Although little is known ...more

Arjumand Banu is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Maternal Mortality: Famous Women Who Died In Childbirth
Arjumand Banu Died at 38 (1593-1631) Wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Her memorial is the Taj Mahal Mumtaz Mahal; meaning "the chosen one of the palace" was a Mughal Empress and chief consort of emperor Shah Jahan. The Taj Mahal in Agra was constructed by her husband as her final ...more