Some songs set out to be controversial, while others stumble into the territory. Musicians occasionally use their art to make a political point, challenge religious beliefs, or express something salacious enough to warrant a ban from radio and television stations. These artists may also sometimes face protests and boycotts.
Artists can lose fans over dubious lyrics, a shocking music video, or a controversial concert appearance. Often, a single song can turn a crowd against a musician. Here are a few of the most controversial songs.
In the early '90s, rapper Ice-T formed a metal band called Body Count, and subsequently released one of the most controversial songs ever. Met with instant backlash, "Cop Killer" led to protests, threats, and criticism by then-President George H.W. Bush.
Ice-T said of the song's aftermath:
It was pretty rough for a while. When you’re in the entertainment business, they can shut down all of your avenues of revenue for a while. You can't work, you can't do concerts - it made things real complicated for a while.
But, at the end of the day, I'm on TV playing a cop [on Law & Order], so f*ck 'em. They’ll never understand what that music is expressing.
Serge and Charlotte Gainsbourg - 'Lemon Incest'
The 1984 song "Lemon Incest" by French singer Serge Gainsbourg and his then-13-year-old daughter Charlotte sparked controversy. The public believed the song and music video glorified incest and pedophilia. Despite the surrounding scandal, the song still managed to become a Top 10 hit in France. Charlotte later insisted people misinterpreted the lyrics.
"Oh, I was not innocent singing it," she told The Guardian. "I knew what I was talking about. But for me, it wasn't a problem. I had fun with it. Plus, there was pureness behind it. It's really the love of a father and daughter. It says in the song - the love that will never do together."
Riding the explosive popularity of their debut album Appetite For Destruction, Guns N' Roses rush-released the 1986 album Lies, a collection of leftover tracks and cover songs. Critics immediately panned the song "One In A Million," deeming it racist and homophobic due to singer Axl Rose's use of the words "f*ggot" and "n*****."
"Why can Black people go up to each other and say, 'N*****,' but when a white guy does it, all of a sudden it's a big put-down. I don't like boundaries of any kind. I don't like being told what I can and what I can't say," Axl Rose said in defense of the song.
The 2018 anthology did not feature the song, seemingly because of the contentious lyrics.
Thrash metal band Slayer's 1986 Reign in Blood album led to a notorious moment in metal history, thanks to the song "Angel Of Death." The track, written by guitarist Jeff Hanneman, is about Nazi doctor Josef Mengele and his horrific acts during the Holocaust. The lyrics and subject matter outraged the band's distributor Columbia Records.
"All of a sudden, the record company doesn't want to release the album because of this song," bassist Tom Araya recalled. "When Jeff brought in the song, we thought, 'Wow, that’s really cool - [Mengele] was the guy that did all those crazy, terrible things.' Then... we discovered that people had a problem with that."
Columbia dropped the song and album, which ultimately debuted through Geffen Records. The public perceived the track as pro-Nazi, despite the band's insistence to the contrary.