Imagine a wall that is longer than the distance between New York City and Havana. It seems improbable, but the Moroccan Western Sahara Wall spans over 1,600 miles through West Africa; a direct line from New York to Havana is only 1,309 miles. The Moroccan Western Sahara Wall, known to many as "the Berm," is the second-longest wall in the world. And it might just be the most dangerous.
The Berm extends through a territory known as Western Sahara. Control of Western Sahara has been disputed for decades; Morocco believes it belongs to them, but the Polisario Front (which is composed of Sahrawis, or native West Saharans) argues that the territory should be independent.
In 1980, Morocco began constructing the Berm to keep the Sahrawis and the Polisario Front out of Western Sahara. There has been a ceasefire between the two parties since 1991, but the wall remains heavily guarded. To Sahrawis, it's known as "the Wall of Shame."
Approximately 120,000 Moroccan troops guard the wall every day. Millions of landmines, which have injured over 2,500 people, litter the ground. With so little international attention, it seems unlikely the dispute between Morocco and the Polisario Front will be resolved anytime soon. Watch the video below to find out more about the Berm.