World Leaders
169 voters

The Most Important Female World Leaders of All Time

Updated April 23, 2020 2.4k votes 169 voters 1.4k views54 items

List RulesVote up the women leaders who most changed their nations and the world.

Throughout history, there have been many female world leaders who have made a profound impact on the world. From presidents to heads of state to outspoken activists, the women below made a huge impact on history, culture, and the world at large. While all these women have inarguably been influential, who is the most important female world leader of all time? Help decide below! 

Around the world, historic female leaders often took positions of power when it was unconventional and even controversial to do so and altered history as a result. These pioneers paved the way for current powerful female leaders. Without the efforts of groundbreaking women like Eleanor Roosevelt and Madeleine Albright, leaders like Theresa May and Angela Merkel may never have had the opportunities they have today. Vote up the most important female leaders below and feel free to add any influential women you see missing! 

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  • Catherine II of Russia1
    62
    20

    Catherine II of Russia

    Dec. at 67 (1729-1796)

    BirthplaceSzczecin, Poland

    Catherine II (Russian: Екатери́на Алексе́евна, romanized: Yekaterina Alekseyevna; 2 May [O.S.... more on Wikipedia

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  • Cleopatra2
    54
    17

    Cleopatra

    Dec. at 39 (68 BC-29 BC)

    BirthplaceAlexandria, Egypt

    Cleopatra VII Philopator (Koinē Greek: Κλεοπᾰ́τρᾱ Φιλοπάτωρ, romanized: Kleopátrā Philopátōr;... more on Wikipedia

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  • Joan of Arc3
    43
    11

    Joan of Arc

    Dec. at 19 (1412-1431)

    BirthplaceDomrémy-la-Pucelle, France

    Joan of Arc (in French Jeanne d'Arc pronounced [ʒan daʁk]; c. 1412 – 30 May 1431), nicknamed... more on Wikipedia
  • Park Geun-hye4
    49
    17

    BirthplaceJung District, Daegu

    Park Geun-hye (Korean: 박근혜; Hanja: 朴槿惠; RR: Bak Geun(-)hye; IPA: [pak‿k͈ɯn.hje]; born 2... more on Wikipedia
  • Maria Theresa5
    45
    14

    Maria Theresa

    Dec. at 63 (1717-1780)

    BirthplaceHofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria

    Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina (German: Maria Theresia; 13 May 1717 – 29 November... more on Wikipedia
  • Diana, Princess of Wales6
    60
    33

    Diana, Princess of Wales

    Dec. at 36 (1961-1997)

    BirthplaceSandringham, England

    Diana, Princess of Wales (born Diana Frances Spencer; 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997), was a... more on Wikipedia

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  • Hatshepsut7
    37
    11

    Hatshepsut

    Hatshepsut (; also Hatchepsut; Egyptian: ḥꜣt-šps.wt "Foremost of Noble Ladies"; 1507–1458 BC)... more on Wikipedia

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  • Queen Victoria8
    38
    14

    Queen Victoria

    Dec. at 82 (1819-1901)

    BirthplaceKensington Palace, London, United Kingdom

    Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom... more on Wikipedia

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  • Eleanor Roosevelt9
    38
    15

    Eleanor Roosevelt

    Dec. at 78 (1884-1962)

    BirthplaceNew York City, New York, USA

    Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (; October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was an American political... more on Wikipedia

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  • Eva Perón10
    37
    16

    Eva Perón

    Age: Died at 33 (1919-1952)

    BirthplaceLos Toldos, Argentina

    María Eva Duarte de Perón (UK: , US: , Spanish: [maˈɾi.a ˈeβa ˈðwaɾte ðe peˈɾon]; 7 May 1919 –... more on Wikipedia
  • Vigdís Finnbogadóttir11

    BirthplaceReykjavik, Iceland

    Vigdís Finnbogadóttir (US: FIN-boh-gə-doh-tər, Icelandic: [ˈvɪxtis ˈfɪnpɔɣaˌtouːʰtɪr]... more on Wikipedia
  • Annie Besant12
    29
    14

    Annie Besant

    Dec. at 86 (1847-1933)

    BirthplaceClapham, London, United Kingdom

    Annie Besant (née Wood; 1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933) was a British socialist,... more on Wikipedia
  • Eleanor of Aquitaine13
    29
    14

    Eleanor of Aquitaine

    Dec. at 82 (1122-1204)

    BirthplaceBordeaux, France

    Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122 or 1124 – 1 April 1204) was queen consort of France (1137–1152) and... more on Wikipedia

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  • Margaret Thatcher14
    40
    27

    Margaret Thatcher

    Dec. at 88 (1925-2013)

    BirthplaceGrantham, United Kingdom

    Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (née Roberts; 13 October 1925 – 8 April 2013) was... more on Wikipedia
  • Indira Gandhi15
    30
    16

    Indira Gandhi

    Dec. at 67 (1917-1984)

    BirthplaceAllahabad, India

    Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (Hindi: [ˈɪndɪraː ˈɡaːndʱiː] (listen); née Nehru; 19 November 1917... more on Wikipedia
  • Rani Lakshmibai16
    21
    12

    Rani Lakshmibai

    Dec. at 30 (1828-1858)

    BirthplaceVaranasi, India

    Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi (pronunciation ; 19 November 1828 – 18 June 1858), was the... more on Wikipedia

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  • Harriet Tubman17
    Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross, c. March 1822 – March 10, 1913) was an American... more on Wikipedia

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  • Wangari Maathai18
    20
    12

    Wangari Maathai

    Dec. at 71 (1940-2011)

    BirthplaceTetu, Kenya

    Wangarĩ Muta Maathai (wàŋɡàˈɹɛ |m|ɑː|ˈ|t|aɪ; 1 April 1940 – 25 September 2011) was a renowned... more on Wikipedia
  • Mary Robinson19
    26
    19

    BirthplaceBallina, County Mayo, Republic of Ireland

    Mary Therese Winifred Robinson (Irish: Máire Bean Mhic Róibín; née Bourke; born 21 May 1944)... more on Wikipedia
  • Mother Teresa20
    30
    28

    Mother Teresa

    Dec. at 87 (1910-1997)

    BirthplaceSkopje, Yugoslavia

    Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu (born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, Albanian: [aˈɲɛzə ˈɡɔndʒɛ bɔjaˈdʒiu]; 26... more on Wikipedia

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  • Elizabeth II21
    35
    36

    BirthplaceMayfair, London, London, England

    Elizabeth II (born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth... more on Wikipedia

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  • Dalia Grybauskaitė22

    BirthplaceVilnius, Lithuania

    Dalia Grybauskaitė (Lithuanian pronunciation: ​[dɐˈlʲɛ ɡʲrʲiːbɐʊsˈkɐ̂ˑɪtʲeː]; born 1 March... more on Wikipedia
  • Isabel Martínez de Perón23
    18
    15

    Isabel Martínez de Perón

    Age: 89

    BirthplaceLa Rioja, Argentina

    María Estela Martínez Cartas de Perón (born February 4, 1931), better known as Isabel Martínez... more on Wikipedia
  • Tarja Halonen24
    18
    15

    BirthplaceKallio, Finland

    Tarja Kaarina Halonen ([tɑrjɑ kɑːrinɑ hɑlonen] (listen); born 24 December 1943) is a Finnish... more on Wikipedia
  • Mary, Queen of Scots25
    Mary, Queen of Scots (1542–1587) was queen regnant of Scotland and queen consort of... more on Wikipedia

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