One of the fundamental maxims of show business is, "The show must go on." Unforeseen problems will always jeopardize a production, and professionals must find a way to solve them, no matter what. When a lead actor dies mid-production, this rule gets taken to its logical conclusion. The show does go on, and filmmakers usually find ways to shoot around an actor's departure. How they do it depends on a variety of factors: the size of the role, how much of the movie has already been filmed, available budget and technology, and even just the distinctiveness of the performer in question.
But every film production is different, and filmmakers who have tried to replace their stars have had varying degrees of success. Here are some films that lost a major cast member in the middle of production, and the creative ways by which filmmakers were able to complete the picture.
- Photo: Sony Pictures Classics
The Role: Ledger plays Tony Shepard, a charismatic drifter who joins a traveling sideshow. Dr. Parnassus's show involves a fantastical alternate reality called "the Imaginarium." Once inside, customers can either choose between a more difficult path of self-improvement, or an ostensibly easier path of pleasure that ultimately leads to their doom. For centuries, Dr. Parnassus and the Devil have been using the Imaginarium to compete for people's souls. At the beginning of the film, Parnassus hires Shepard to lead customers into the Imaginarium and hopefully down the right path.
The Tragedy: Heath Ledger perished suddenly of an accidental prescription medication overdose in January 2008, in the middle of filming Parnassus. Ledger had already established himself as a rising Hollywood superstar, including a highly acclaimed role in 2005's Brokeback Mountain. When he passed, he had recently finished filming the role of the Joker in Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight, for which Ledger would win a posthumous Oscar. He was 28.
How The Movie Dealt With It: Director Terry Gilliam was able to use the film's unique premise to his advantage. Most of Ledger's unfilmed scenes took place inside the Imaginarium. Because the world inside the Imaginarium varies depending on each visitor's unique desires, Tony's appearance could plausibly change whenever he brought in a new guest. Gilliam ended up using Jude Law, Johnny Depp, and Colin Farrell in these scenes, each as a different Imaginarium incarnation of Ledger's character. Gilliam used multiple stars because he felt no one actor was capable of replacing Ledger.
- Photo: Universal Pictures
The Role: Walker played Brian O'Conner, a major character throughout the Fast & Furious movies, appearing in all but the third installment. In the original film, O'Conner is an undercover cop who infiltrates Dom Toretto's (Vin Diesel) ring of illegal street racers, but over the course of the series, he becomes a member of the crew. Brian was the biggest film role of Walker's career.
The Tragedy: Walker lost his life in a single-car accident when he crashed his Porsche in Santa Clarita, CA. The incident took place on November 30, 2013, during a break from filming Furious 7. Walker was 40 years old.
How The Movie Dealt With It: Losing a lead actor can be especially devastating to a movie franchise because of the long relationship established between the star and the audience. Walker was one of the Furious franchise mainstays with millions of fans around the world, so replacing him with another actor wasn't an option. At the time, Walker had finished filming many of the film's action sequences, but hadn't yet completed scenes that were more character-driven. Since these required more emotional depth, they were actually trickier to complete without Walker than a frenetic action sequence would have been. Director James Wan used lookalikes to complete some of these shots, including actor John Brotherton and Walker's brothers, Cody and Caleb. But for shots that required Walker's face to be visible, Wan's team used visual effects to recreate him digitally.
Producers also used the break in production to rewrite the script. While the original version was going to set up the mission for the next movie, the revised script had to write Walker's character out of the series. Brian O'Conner is last seen playing on a beach with his family before driving off into the sunset.
- Photo: Dreamworks Pictures
The Role: Proximo, the retired gladiator and current slave trader who purchases Maximus (Russell Crowe). Proximo initially regards his gladiators as replaceable, but eventually comes to support Maximus and his allies against the unscrupulous Emperor Commodus (Joaquin Phoenix). He pays the price with his life.
The Tragedy: Oliver Reed was one of the major British movie stars of the 20th century. He rose to particular prominence in 1968 thanks to his performance as Bill Sikes in the Best Picture-winning Oliver! He was also a lifelong heavy drinker, and Gladiator director Ridley Scott made him promise to stay sober during filming. Reed partly complied by only drinking on weekends. He passed on the floor of a pub in Malta after reportedly only having a couple beers. Screenwriter David Franzoni later said that Reed perished moments after challenging a group of British sailors to a drinking match. The cause was a heart attack. He was 61.
How The Movie Dealt With It: Ridley Scott relied on unused footage to fill out some of Reed's scenes. When that wasn't possible, Scott used a stand-in and later added Reed's face digitally.
- Photo: Lionsgate
The Role: Plutarch Heavensbee, a character who becomes increasingly important during the Hunger Games movie franchise. In the first film, it's a non-speaking role played by another actor. Hoffman joined the cast for the second film in 2013. At that point, Heavensbee becomes the new Gamemaker. Although he convinces President Snow that he's a loyal subject, in fact he's a leader of the rebellion and assists Katniss throughout the final three films of the series.
The Tragedy: Hoffman, one of America's most prominent and respected actors, was found lifeless in his Manhattan apartment on February 2, 2014. He passed from mixed substance interaction with multiple narcotics in his system, including heroin and coke. He was 46.
How The Movie Dealt With It: The two installments of The Hunger Games: Mockingjay were filmed back-to-back beginning in September 2013. At the time of Hoffman's demise, two of his major scenes were still incomplete. Although it likely would have been possible to replace him with CGI, director Francis Lawrence opted to replace Heavensbee in the scenes with Effie Trinket (Elizabeth Banks) and Haymitch Abernathy (Woody Harrelson), respectively. Most notably, his final words to Katniss were intended to be spoken to her in person; in his absence, the scene was altered so that Haymitch reads a letter from Plutarch.