List of Famous Anatomists

List of famous anatomists, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top anatomists in the world? This includes the most prominent anatomists, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable anatomists is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic anatomists were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned anatomists.

This list features people like Leonardo da Vinci and Albrecht von Haller.

From reputable, prominent, and well known anatomists to the lesser known anatomists of today, these are some of the best professionals in the anatomist field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous anatomists ever?" and "What are the names of famous anatomists?" then you're in the right place. 

  • Leonardo da Vinci
    Photo: user uploaded image
    Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was an Italian polymath, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived. His genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal. Leonardo has often been described as the archetype of the Renaissance Man, a man of "unquenchable curiosity" and "feverishly inventive imagination". According to art historian Helen Gardner, the scope and depth of his interests were without precedent and "his mind and ...more
  • Nicolas Steno
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    Nicolas Steno (Danish: Niels Steensen; Latinized to Nicolaus Steno or Nicolaus Stenonius; 1 January 1638 – 25 November 1686 [NS: 11 January 1638 – 5 December 1686]) was a Danish scientist, a pioneer in both anatomy and geology who became a Catholic bishop in his later years. Steno was trained in the classical texts on science; however, by 1659 he seriously questioned accepted knowledge of the natural world. Importantly he questioned explanations for tear production, the idea that fossils grew in the ground and explanations of rock formation. His investigations and his subsequent conclusions on fossils and rock formation have led scholars to consider him one of the founders of modern ...more
  • Raymond Dart
    Photo: user uploaded image
    Raymond Arthur Dart (4 February 1893 – 22 November 1988) was a South African anatomist and anthropologist, best known for his involvement in the 1924 discovery of the first fossil ever found of Australopithecus africanus, an extinct hominin closely related to humans, at Taung in the North of South Africa in the province Northwest.
  • Herbert Jasper
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    Herbert Henri Jasper, (July 27, 1906 – March 11, 1999) was a Canadian psychologist, physiologist, neurologist, and epileptologist. Born in La Grande, Oregon, he attended Reed College in Portland, Oregon and received his PhD in psychology from the University of Iowa in 1931 and earned a Doctor of Science degree from the University of Paris for research in neurobiology. From 1946-64 he was Professor of Experimental Neurology at the Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University and then from 1965-76 he was Professor of Neurophysiology, Université de Montréal. He did his most important research with Wilder Penfield at McGill University. He was a member of the American Academy of ...more
  • Sir Grafton Elliot Smith, FRS HFRSE FRCP (15 August 1871 – 1 January 1937) was an Australian-British anatomist, Egyptologist and a proponent of the hyperdiffusionist view of prehistory. He believed in the idea that cultural innovations occur only once and that they spread geographically. Based on this, he traced the origins of many cultural and traditional practices across the world, including the New World, to ideas that he believed came from Egypt and in some instances from Asia. An expert on brain anatomy, he was the first to study Egyptian mummies using radiological techniques. He took an interest in extinct humanoids and was embroiled in controversy over the authenticity of the ...more
  • Albrecht von Haller
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    Albrecht von Haller (also known as Albertus de Haller; 16 October 1708 – 12 December 1777) was a Swiss anatomist, physiologist, naturalist, encyclopedist, bibliographer and poet. A pupil of Herman Boerhaave, he is often referred to as "the father of modern physiology."