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List of famous anthropologists, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top anthropologists in the world? This includes the most prominent anthropologists, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable anthropologists is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic anthropologists were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned anthropologists.

This list contains people like Yvette Mimieux and Dian Fossey. Featuring foreign anthropologists, linguistic anthropologists, cultural anthropologists, and more, this list has it all. 

From reputable, prominent, and well known anthropologists to the lesser known anthropologists of today, these are some of the best professionals in the anthropologist field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous anthropologists ever?" and "What are the names of famous anthropologists?" then you're in the right place. 

Yvette Mimieux is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Yvette Mimieux is a retired American movie and television actress.

Dian Fossey is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Dian Fossey was an American zoologist, primatologist, and anthropologist who undertook an extensive study of gorilla groups over a period of 18 years. She studied them daily in the mountain ...more

Zora Neale Hurston is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Zora Neale Hurston was an American folklorist, anthropologist, and author. Of Hurston's four novels and more than 50 published short stories, plays, and essays, she is best known for her 1937 ...more

Carlos Castaneda is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Carlos Castaneda was an American author with a Ph.D. in anthropology. Starting with The Teachings of Don Juan in 1968, Castaneda wrote a series of books that describe his training in shamanism, ...more

Margaret Mead is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Margaret Mead was an American cultural anthropologist who featured frequently as an author and speaker in the mass media during the 1960s and 1970s. She earned her bachelor degree at Barnard ...more

Florinda Donner is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Florinda Donner is an American writer and anthropologist known as one of Carlos Castaneda's "witches". She studied anthropology at UCLA but did not complete her degree, letting her ...more

Tobias Schneebaum is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Tobias Schneebaum was an American artist, anthropologist, and AIDS activist. He is best known for his experiences living, and traveling among the Harakmbut people of Peru, and the Asmat people ...more

Al-Biruni is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Abū al-Rayhān Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Bīrūnī, known as Al-Biruni in English, was a Persian Muslim scholar and polymath from the Khwarezm region. Al-Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest ...more

R. H. Barlow is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Robert Hayward Barlow was an American author, avant-garde poet, anthropologist and historian of early Mexico, and expert in the Nahuatl language. He was a correspondent and friend of horror ...more

Henry Field is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Henry Field was an American anthropologist and archaeologist. Henry Field was born in Chicago. He was a great nephew of the merchant Marshall Field and a great nephew of Barbour Lathrop. Field ...more

Francisco Moreno is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Francisco Pascasio Moreno was a prominent explorer and academic in Argentina, where he is usually referred to as Perito Moreno. Perito Moreno has been credited as one of the most influential ...more

Michael Jackson is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Michael D. Jackson is a New Zealand poet and anthropologist who has taught in anthropology departments at Massey University, the Australian National University, Indiana University Bloomington, ...more

Jesse Fewkes is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Jesse Walter Fewkes was an American anthropologist, archaeologist, writer and naturalist.

William Foote Whyte is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
William Foote Whyte was a sociologist chiefly known for his ethnographic study in urban sociology, Street Corner Society. A pioneer in participant observation, he lived for four years in an ...more

Jerald T. Milanich is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Jerald T. Milanich is an American anthropologist and archaeologist, specializing in Native American culture in Florida. He is Curator Emeritus of Archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural ...more

Edward Sapir is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Edward Sapir was an American anthropologist-linguist, who is widely considered to be one of the most important figures in the early development of the discipline of linguistics. Sapir was born ...more

James Owen Dorsey is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
James Owen Dorsey was an American ethnologist, linguist, and Episcopalian missionary in the Dakota Territory, who contributed to the description of the Ponca, Omaha, and other southern Siouan ...more

Robert Francis Murphy is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Robert Francis Murphy was an American anthropologist and professor of anthropology at Columbia University in New York City, from the early 1960s to 1990. His field work included studies of the ...more

Erna Gunther is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Erna Gunther was an American anthropologist who taught for many years at the University of Washington in Seattle. Gunther's work on ethnobotany is still extensively consulted today.

Clifford Geertz is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Clifford James Geertz was an American anthropologist who is remembered mostly for his strong support for and influence on the practice of symbolic anthropology, and who was considered "for ...more

Jane E Buikstra is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Jane Ellen Buikstra is an American anthropologist and bioarchaeologist. She is credited with coining and defining bioarchaeology in the US as the application of biological anthropological ...more

Livingston Farrand is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Livingston Farrand, M.D., LL.D. was an American physician, anthropologist, psychologist, public health advocate and academic administrator.

Timothy Pauketat is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Dr. Timothy R. Pauketat is an “American Bottom” Mississippian-era archaeologist and professor of Anthropology at the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana. He is best known for his ...more

Anne Allison is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Anne Allison is a professor of cultural anthropology at Duke University in the United States, specializing in contemporary Japanese society. She wrote the book Nightwork on hostess clubs and ...more

Stuart Struever is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Stuart McKee Struever is an American archaeologist and anthropologist best known for his contributions to the archaeology of the Woodland Period in the US midwest and for his leadership of ...more

Ted Polhemus is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Ted Polhemus is an American anthropologist, writer, and photographer who lives and works on England's south coast. His work focuses on fashion and anti-fashion, identity, and the sociology of ...more

Sven Haakanson is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Sven Haakanson, Jr. is an American anthropologist who has specialized in documenting and preserving the language and culture of the Alutiiq. He is former Executive Director of the Alutiiq Museum ...more

Frederick Starr is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Frederick Starr Frederick Starr, aka Ofuda Hakushi in Japan, was an American academic, anthropologist, and "populist educator" born at Auburn, New York.

Scott Atran is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Scott Atran is an American and French anthropologist who is a Director of Research in Anthropology at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris, Senior Research Fellow at Oxford ...more

Guillermo Algaze is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Guillermo Algaze is a recipient of a 2003 MacArthur Award, Algaze is a former chair of the anthropology department at University of California, San Diego, and project director of the Titris ...more

John Reed Swanton is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
John Reed Swanton John Reed Swanton was an American anthropologist and linguist who worked with Native American peoples throughout the United States. Swanton achieved recognition in the fields of ethnology and ...more

Fiona Graham is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Fiona Caroline Graham is an Australian anthropologist who works as a geisha in Japan. She made her formal debut as a geisha in 2007 in the Asakusa district of Tokyo under the name Sayuki. She ...more

Victor Wolfgang Von Hagen is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Victor Wolfgang Von Hagen Victor Wolfgang von Hagen was an American explorer, archaeological historian, anthropologist, and travel writer who traveled in South America with his wife. Mainly between 1940 and 1965, he ...more

Ian Tattersall is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Ian Tattersall Ian Tattersall is a British-born American paleoanthropologist and a curator emeritus with the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, New York. In addition to human evolution, ...more

Sol Tax is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Sol Tax Sol Tax was an American anthropologist. He is best known for creating action anthropology and his studies of the Meskwaki, or Fox, Indians, for "action-anthropological" research titled ...more

Wallace L Chafe is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Wallace L Chafe Wallace Chafe is an American linguist. He is Professor Emeritus and research professor at The University of California, Santa Barbara. Chafe was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He graduated ...more

E. Adamson Hoebel is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
E. Adamson Hoebel E. Adamson Hoebel was Regents Professor Emeritus of anthropology at the University of Minnesota. He held a PhD in anthropology from Columbia University, where he also attended the seminars of ...more

Edmund Snow Carpenter is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Edmund "Ted" Snow Carpenter was an anthropologist best known for his work on tribal art and visual media.

Maxine L. Margolis is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Maxine L. Margolis Maxine L. Margolis is an American anthropologist and an inductee of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She is a Professor of Anthropology at the University of Florida in Gainesville, and ...more

Josh Bernstein is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Josh Bernstein is an American explorer, author, survival expert, anthropologist, and TV host best known as the host of Digging for the Truth. He later appeared for one season as the host of the ...more

Robert Ripley is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
LeRoy Robert Ripley, better know by the name Robert Ripley, was an American cartoonist, entrepreneur, and amateur anthropologist, who is known for creating the Ripley's Believe It or Not! ...more

Brian J. McVeigh is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Brian J. McVeigh Brian J. McVeigh is a scholar of Asia who specializes in Japanese pop art, education, politics, and history. He is also a theorist of cultural psychology and historical changes in human ...more

Russell L Ciochon is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Russell L Ciochon Russell Ciochon is an American paleoanthropologist. He was born in Altadena, California and received three degrees in anthropology from the University of California, Berkeley. He is currently a ...more

Howard Reid is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Howard Reid Howard Reid is a British documentary film maker and anthropologist. He has a PhD from Cambridge University and has made films for the BBC and Channel 4 relating to ancient civilizations and ...more

Mary Leakey is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Mary Leakey was a British paleoanthropologist who discovered the first fossilised Proconsul skull, an extinct ape now believed to be ancestral to humans. She also discovered the robust ...more

William Jones is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
William Jones William Jones was a Native American anthropologist of the Fox nation. Born in Oklahoma on March 28, 1871, after studying at Hampton Institute he graduated from Phillips Academy and went on to ...more

Lawrence Rosen is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Lawrence Rosen Lawrence Rosen is an American anthropologist and scholar of law. Rosen earned his B.A. at Brandeis University in 1963, his Ph.D. in Anthropology from the University of Chicago in 1968, and his ...more

Ann Laura Stoler is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Ann Laura Stoler Ann Stoler is the Willy Brandt Distinguished University Professor of Anthropology and Historical Studies at The New School.

William W. Howells is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
William W. Howells Dr. William White Howells was a professor of anthropology at Harvard University. His most notable research concluded that modern humans are of one species. Howells, grandson of the novelist ...more

Gilbert H. Herdt is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list List of Famous Anthropologists
Gilbert H. Herdt Gilbert H. Herdt is Professor of Human Sexuality Studies and Anthropology and a Founder of the Department of Sexuality Studies and National Sexuality Resource Center at San Francisco State