List of Famous Astronomers

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List of famous astronomers, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top astronomers in the world? This includes the most prominent astronomers, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable astronomers is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic astronomers were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned astronomers.

List people include Stephen Hawking, Samuel Pierpont Langley and more.

From reputable, prominent, and well known astronomers to the lesser known astronomers of today, these are some of the best professionals in the astronomer field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous astronomers ever?" and "What are the names of famous astronomers?" then you're in the right place. 
Isaac Newton is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Sir Isaac Newton PRS MP was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific ...more
Stephen Hawking is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical ...more
Galileo Galilei is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Galileo Galilei, often known mononymously as Galileo, was an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution during ...more
Carl Sagan is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Carl Sagan appeared in the 2012 documentary film Beyond Expression Bright.
Archimedes is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Archimedes of Syracuse was an Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading ...more
Nicolaus Copernicus is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at its center. The publication of this model ...more
Avicenna is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Avicenna Arabic: أبو علي الحسين ابن عبد الله ابن سينا‍; c. 980 – June 1037) was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age. ...more
Neil deGrasse Tyson is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Neil deGrasse Tyson is an American astrophysicist, cosmologist, author, and science communicator. Since 1996, he has been the Frederick P. Rose Director of the Hayden Planetarium at the Rose ...more
Pythagoras is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and founder of the religious movement called Pythagoreanism. Most of the information about Pythagoras was written down ...more
Tycho Brahe is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Tycho Brahe, born Tyge Ottesen Brahe, was a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations. He was born in Scania, then part of Denmark, now ...more
Arthur Stanley Eddington is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington, OM, FRS was a British astronomer, physicist, and mathematician of the early 20th century who did his greatest work in astrophysics. He was also a philosopher of ...more
Johannes Kepler is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution, he is best known for his laws of planetary motion, based on his ...more
Hypatia is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Hypatia was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher in Egypt, then a part of the Byzantine Empire. She was the head of the Neoplatonic school at Alexandria, where she taught ...more
Eratosthenes is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Eratosthenes of Cyrene was a Greek mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer, and music theorist. He was a man of learning, becoming the chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria. He ...more
Alhazen is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham, frequently referred to as Ibn al-Haytham, was an Arab, Muslim, polymath and philosopher who made significant contributions to the principles of ...more
Aryabhata is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Aryabhata or Aryabhata I was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His works include the Āryabhaṭīya and the ...more
Carl Friedrich Gauss is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, ...more
Christiaan Huygens is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Christiaan Huygens, FRS was a prominent Dutch mathematician and scientist. He is known particularly as an astronomer, physicist, probabilist and horologist. Huygens was a leading scientist of ...more
Ptolemy is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Claudius Ptolemy was a Greco-Egyptian writer of Alexandria, known as a mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology. He lived in the ...more
Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Abū ‘Abdallāh Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī, formerly Latinized as Algoritmi or Algaurizin, was a Persian mathematician, astronomer and geographer during the Abbasid Caliphate, a scholar in the ...more
Edwin Hubble is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Edwin Powell Hubble was an American astronomer who played a crucial role in establishing the field of extragalactic astronomy and is generally regarded as one of the most important observational ...more
Nasir al-Din Tusi is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Khawaja Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Hasan Tūsī, better known as Nasīr al-Dīn Tūsī, was a Persian polymath and prolific writer: An architect, astronomer, biologist, chemist, mathematician, ...more
Averroes is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Averroës is the Latinized form of Ibn Rushd, full name ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn ʾAḥmad Ibn Rušd, a Berber medieval Andalusian polymath. He wrote on logic, Aristotelian and Islamic ...more
Henrietta Swan Leavitt is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Henrietta Swan Leavitt was an American astronomer who discovered the relation between the luminosity and the period of Cepheid variable stars. A graduate of Radcliffe College, Leavitt started ...more
Hipparchus is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Hipparchus of Nicaea, was a Greek astronomer, geographer, and mathematician. He is considered the founder of trigonometry but is most famous for his incidental discovery of precession of the ...more