READ List of Famous Astronomers

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List of famous astronomers, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top astronomers in the world? This includes the most prominent astronomers, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable astronomers is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic astronomers were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned astronomers.

List people include Stephen Hawking, Samuel Pierpont Langley and more.

From reputable, prominent, and well known astronomers to the lesser known astronomers of today, these are some of the best professionals in the astronomer field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous astronomers ever?" and "What are the names of famous astronomers?" then you're in the right place. 

Isaac Newton is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Isaac Newton Sir Isaac Newton PRS MP was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific ...more

Stephen Hawking is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Stephen Hawking Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical ...more

Galileo Galilei is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Galileo Galilei Galileo Galilei, often known mononymously as Galileo, was an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution during ...more

Carl Sagan is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Carl Sagan Carl Sagan appeared in the 2012 documentary film Beyond Expression Bright.

Archimedes is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Archimedes Archimedes of Syracuse was an Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading ...more

Nicolaus Copernicus is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Nicolaus Copernicus Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at its center. The publication of this model ...more

Avicenna is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Avicenna Avicenna Arabic: أبو علي الحسين ابن عبد الله ابن سينا‍; c. 980 – June 1037) was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age. ...more

Neil deGrasse Tyson is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Neil deGrasse Tyson Neil deGrasse Tyson is an American astrophysicist, cosmologist, author, and science communicator. Since 1996, he has been the Frederick P. Rose Director of the Hayden Planetarium at the Rose ...more

Pythagoras is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Pythagoras Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and founder of the religious movement called Pythagoreanism. Most of the information about Pythagoras was written down ...more

Tycho Brahe is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Tycho Brahe Tycho Brahe, born Tyge Ottesen Brahe, was a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations. He was born in Scania, then part of Denmark, now ...more

Arthur Stanley Eddington is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Arthur Stanley Eddington Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington, OM, FRS was a British astronomer, physicist, and mathematician of the early 20th century who did his greatest work in astrophysics. He was also a philosopher of ...more

Johannes Kepler is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Johannes Kepler Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution, he is best known for his laws of planetary motion, based on his ...more

Hypatia is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Hypatia Hypatia was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher in Egypt, then a part of the Byzantine Empire. She was the head of the Neoplatonic school at Alexandria, where she taught ...more

Eratosthenes is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Eratosthenes Eratosthenes of Cyrene was a Greek mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer, and music theorist. He was a man of learning, becoming the chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria. He ...more

Alhazen is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Alhazen Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham, frequently referred to as Ibn al-Haytham, was an Arab, Muslim, polymath and philosopher who made significant contributions to the principles of ...more

Aryabhata is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Aryabhata Aryabhata or Aryabhata I was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His works include the Āryabhaṭīya and the ...more

Carl Friedrich Gauss is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Carl Friedrich Gauss Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, ...more

Christiaan Huygens is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Christiaan Huygens Christiaan Huygens, FRS was a prominent Dutch mathematician and scientist. He is known particularly as an astronomer, physicist, probabilist and horologist. Huygens was a leading scientist of ...more

Ptolemy is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemy was a Greco-Egyptian writer of Alexandria, known as a mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology. He lived in the ...more

Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī Abū ‘Abdallāh Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī, formerly Latinized as Algoritmi or Algaurizin, was a Persian mathematician, astronomer and geographer during the Abbasid Caliphate, a scholar in the ...more

Edwin Hubble is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Edwin Hubble Edwin Powell Hubble was an American astronomer who played a crucial role in establishing the field of extragalactic astronomy and is generally regarded as one of the most important observational ...more

Nasir al-Din Tusi is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Nasir al-Din Tusi Khawaja Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Hasan Tūsī, better known as Nasīr al-Dīn Tūsī, was a Persian polymath and prolific writer: An architect, astronomer, biologist, chemist, mathematician, ...more

Averroes is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Averroes Averroës is the Latinized form of Ibn Rushd, full name ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn ʾAḥmad Ibn Rušd, a Berber medieval Andalusian polymath. He wrote on logic, Aristotelian and Islamic ...more

Henrietta Swan Leavitt is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Henrietta Swan Leavitt Henrietta Swan Leavitt was an American astronomer who discovered the relation between the luminosity and the period of Cepheid variable stars. A graduate of Radcliffe College, Leavitt started ...more

Hipparchus is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Hipparchus Hipparchus of Nicaea, was a Greek astronomer, geographer, and mathematician. He is considered the founder of trigonometry but is most famous for his incidental discovery of precession of the ...more

Patrick Moore is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Patrick Moore Sir Patrick Alfred Caldwell-Moore CBE, FRS, FRAS was an English amateur astronomer who attained prominent status in that field as a writer, researcher, radio commentator and television ...more

Samuel Pierpont Langley is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Samuel Pierpont Langley Samuel Pierpont Langley was an American astronomer, physicist, inventor of the bolometer and pioneer of aviation. He attended Boston Latin School, graduated from English High School of Boston, ...more

George Nelson is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
George Nelson George Driver "Pinky" Nelson, Ph.D. is an American physicist, astronomer, science educator, and a former NASA astronaut.

Michael Foale is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Michael Foale Colin Michael Foale, CBE, PhD is a British-American astrophysicist and former NASA astronaut. He is a veteran of six space shuttle missions and extended stays on both Mir and the International ...more

David Rittenhouse is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
David Rittenhouse David Rittenhouse was a renowned American astronomer, inventor, clockmaker, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman and public official. Rittenhouse was a member of the American ...more

Al-Biruni is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Al-Biruni Abū al-Rayhān Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Bīrūnī, known as Al-Biruni in English, was a Persian Muslim scholar and polymath from the Khwarezm region. Al-Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest ...more

Dirk Frimout is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Dirk Frimout Dirk Dries David Damiaan, Viscount Frimout is an astrophysicist for the European Space Agency. He flew aboard NASA Space Shuttle mision STS-45 as a payload specialist, making him the first ...more

James Gregory is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
James Gregory James Gregory FRS was a Scottish mathematician and astronomer. He described an early practical design for the reflecting telescope – the Gregorian telescope – and made advances in trigonometry, ...more

Tom Gehrels is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Tom Gehrels Anton M.J. "Tom" Gehrels was a Dutch-American astronomer, Professor of Planetary Sciences, and Astronomer at the University of Arizona, Tucson.

Cornelis Johannes van Houten is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Cornelis Johannes van Houten Cornelis Johannes van Houten was a Dutch astronomer, sometimes referred to as Kees van Houten. Born in The Hague, he spent his entire career at Leiden University except for a brief period as ...more

Benjamin Banneker is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Benjamin Banneker Benjamin Banneker was a free African American scientist, surveyor, almanac author and farmer. Born in Baltimore County, Maryland, to a free African American woman and a former slave, Banneker ...more

William Alfred Fowler is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
William Alfred Fowler William Alfred "Willie" Fowler was an American nuclear physicist, later astrophysicist, who, with Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar won the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physics;.

Eric Walter Elst is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Eric Walter Elst Eric Walter Elst is a Belgian astronomer and a prolific discoverer of asteroids, with over 3,000 discovered so far. Notable discoveries include the Apollo asteroid 4486 Mithra, the ...more

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, FRS, was an Indian American astrophysicist born in Lahore, Punjab. Chandrasekhar was awarded, along with William A. Fowler, the 1983 Nobel Prize for Physics, with ...more

John-David F. Bartoe is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
John-David F. Bartoe John-David Francis Bartoe is an American astrophysicist. He is the Research Manager for the International Space Station at NASA's Johnson Space Center. He provides oversight for the Program ...more

Al-Farabi is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Al-Farabi Al-Farabi, known in the West as Alpharabius, was a renowned philosopher of the Islamic Golden Age, who wrote in areas of political philosophy, metaphysics, ethics and logic. He was also a ...more

Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld was a Dutch astronomer. In a jointly-credited trio with Tom Gehrels and her husband Cornelis Johannes van Houten, she was the discoverer of many thousands of ...more

Eugene Merle Shoemaker is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Eugene Merle Shoemaker Eugene Merle Shoemaker, also known as Gene Shoemaker, was an American geologist and one of the founders of the field of planetary science. He is best known for co-discovering the Comet ...more

Edmond Halley is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Edmond Halley Edmond Halley, FRS was an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist who is best known for computing the orbit of the eponymous Halley's Comet. He was the ...more

Sidónio Pais is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Sidónio Pais Sidónio Bernardino Cardoso da Silva Pais was a Portuguese military leader politician and diplomat, the fourth President in 1918. He was known as the President-King. On 5 December 1917, he ...more

Omar Khayyám is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Omar Khayyám Omar Khayyám; born Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Abu'l-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyām Nīshāpūrī, was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet. He also wrote treatises on mechanics, ...more

Aristarchus of Samos is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Aristarchus of Samos Aristarchus of Samos was an ancient Greek astronomer and mathematician who presented the first known model that placed the Sun at the center of the known universe with the Earth revolving around ...more

Alexei Filippenko is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Alexei Filippenko Alexei Vladimir "Alex" Filippenko is an American astrophysicist and professor of astronomy at the University of California, Berkeley. Filippenko graduated from Dos Pueblos High School ...more

Roger Joseph Boscovich is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Roger Joseph Boscovich Roger Joseph Boscovich was a Ragusan physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, theologian, Jesuit priest, and a polymath from the city of Dubrovnik in the Republic of ...more

Mikhail Lomonosov is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
Mikhail Lomonosov Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov was a Russian polymath, scientist and writer, who made important contributions to literature, education, and science. Among his discoveries was the atmosphere of ...more