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List of Famous Astronomers

Updated June 14, 2019 28.8k views1.1k items

List of famous astronomers, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top astronomers in the world? This includes the most prominent astronomers, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable astronomers is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic astronomers were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned astronomers.

List people include Stephen Hawking, Samuel Pierpont Langley and more.

From reputable, prominent, and well known astronomers to the lesser known astronomers of today, these are some of the best professionals in the astronomer field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous astronomers ever?" and "What are the names of famous astronomers?" then you're in the right place. 
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  • Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician,...  more

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  • Galileo Galilei ( GAL-il-AY-oh, also US: -⁠EE-oh, Italian: [ɡaliˈlɛːo ɡaliˈlɛi]; 15 February...  more

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  • Carl Edward Sagan (; November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer,...  more

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  • Archimedes of Syracuse (; Greek: Ἀρχιμήδης; c. 287 – c. 212 BC) was a Greek mathematician,...  more
  • Nicolaus Copernicus (; Polish: Mikołaj Kopernik; German: Nikolaus Kopernikus; Niklas...  more

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  • Ibn Sina (Persian: ابن سینا‎), also known as Abu Ali Sina (ابوعلی سینا), Pur Sina (پورسینا),...  more
  • Neil deGrasse Tyson (; born October 5, 1958) is an American astrophysicist, author, and...  more

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  • Pythagoras of Samos (c. 570 – c. 495 BC) was an ancient Ionian Greek philosopher and the...  more

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  • Tycho Brahe (; born Tyge Ottesen Brahe; 14 December 1546 – 24 October 1601) was a Danish...  more

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  • Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington (28 December 1882 – 22 November 1944) was an English astronomer,...  more
  • Johannes Kepler (; German: [joˈhanəs ˈkɛplɐ, -nɛs -]; December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630)...  more
  • Hypatia

    Hypatia (born c. 350–370; died 415 AD) was a Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, astronomer,...  more

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  • Eratosthenes of Cyrene (; Greek: Ἐρατοσθένης ὁ Κυρηναῖος, romanized: Eratosthénis o Kyrinaíos,...  more
  • Ḥasan Ibn al-Haytham (Latinized as Alhazen ; full name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn...  more
  • Aryabhata (Sanskrit: आर्यभट, IAST: Āryabhaṭa) or Aryabhata I (476–550 CE) was the first of the...  more
  • Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (; German: Gauß [ˈkaɐ̯l ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈɡaʊs] (listen); Latin: Carolus...  more
  • Christiaan Huygens

    Christiaan Huygens ( HY-gənz, also US: HOY-gənz, Dutch: [ˈkrɪstijaːn ˈɦœyɣə(n)s] (listen);...  more

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  • Claudius Ptolemy (; Koinē Greek: Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos [kláwdios...  more
  • Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī (Persian: Muḥammad Khwārizmī محمد بن موسى خوارزمی‎; c. 780 –...  more
  • Edwin Powell Hubble (November 20, 1889 – September 28, 1953) was an American astronomer. He...  more
  • Nasir al-Din Tusi

    Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Tūsī (Persian: محمد بن محمد بن حسن طوسی‎‎ 18 February...  more
  • Ibn Rushd (Arabic: ابن رشد‎; full name in Arabic: أبو الوليد محمد ابن احمد ابن رشد‎,...  more
  • Henrietta Swan Leavitt (; July 4, 1868 – December 12, 1921) was an American astronomer. A...  more
  • Hipparchus of Nicaea (; Greek: Ἵππαρχος, Hipparkhos; c. 190 – c. 120 BC) was a Greek...  more