READ List of Famous Biologists

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List of famous biologists, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Renowned like those found below have helped make a great impact on the world, through a combination of hard work and dedication to their profession. This list includes the most prominent biologists, living and dead, from every country in the world. Interesting information is included in this list of notable biologists, such as where these historic biologists were born and what their nationality is. If your dream job is to be a popular biologist then you should look to these people for inspiration.

This list features people like Charles Darwin and Carl Sagan.

If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous biologists?" and "Who are the best biologists?" then you're in the right place. 

Charles Darwin is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Charles Robert Darwin, FRS was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory. He established that all species of life have descended over time from ...more

Alfred Kinsey is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Alfred Charles Kinsey was an American biologist, professor of entomology and zoology, and sexologist who in 1947 founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University, now known as the ...more

Rachel Carson is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Rachel Louise Carson was an American marine biologist and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement. Carson began ...more

Stephen Jay Gould is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Stephen Jay Gould was an American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist and historian of science. He was also one of the most influential and widely read writers of popular science of his ...more

Carl Linnaeus is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who laid the foundations for the modern biological naming scheme of ...more

Alexander Fleming is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Sir Alexander Fleming, FRSE, FRS, FRCS was a Scottish biologist, pharmacologist and botanist. He wrote many articles on bacteriology, immunology, and chemotherapy. His best-known discoveries are ...more

Mike Phillips is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Mike Phillips is a Democratic Party member of the Montana House of Representatives, representing District 66 since 2007.

Nasir al-Din Tusi is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Khawaja Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Hasan Tūsī, better known as Nasīr al-Dīn Tūsī, was a Persian polymath and prolific writer: An architect, astronomer, biologist, chemist, mathematician, ...more

James D. Watson is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list List of Famous Biologists
James Dewey Watson is an American molecular biologist, geneticist and zoologist, best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA in 1953 with Francis Crick. Watson, Crick, and ...more

Dr. Kiki Sanford is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Kirsten "Kiki" Sanford is an American science communicator. After working at the University of California, Davis as a research scientist in neurophysiology, she left research work to ...more

E. O. Wilson is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Edward Osborne "E. O." Wilson FMLS is an American biologist, researcher, theorist, naturalist and author. His biological specialty is myrmecology, the study of ants, on which he is ...more

Barry Commoner is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Barry Commoner was an American biologist, college professor, and politician. He was a leading ecologist and among the founders of the modern environmental movement. He ran for president of the ...more

Oliver Sacks is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Oliver Sacks is a film story contributor.

Paul R. Ehrlich is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Paul Ralph Ehrlich is an American biologist and educator who is the Bing Professor of Population Studies in the department of Biological Sciences at Stanford University and president of ...more

Christine Lee is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Christine Lee is an English medical researcher. She is Emeritus Professor of Haemophilia in the University of London, and founding Editor of Haemophilia. She trained in medicine at the ...more

Elizabeth Blackburn is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Professor Elizabeth Helen Blackburn, AC, FRS, FAA, FRSN is an Australian-American biological researcher at the University of California, San Francisco, who studies the telomere, a structure at ...more

Joan Roughgarden is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Joan Roughgarden is an American ecologist and evolutionary biologist. She is well known for her theistic evolutionism and critical studies on Charles Darwin's theory of sexual selection.

Ernest Everett Just is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Ernest Everett Just was a pioneering African-American biologist, academic and science writer. Just's primary legacy is his recognition of the fundamental role of the cell surface in the ...more

Stuart Kauffman is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Stuart Alan Kauffman is an American medical doctor, theoretical biologist, and complex systems researcher who studies the origin of life on Earth. In 1967 and 1969 Kauffman proposed applying ...more

Richard Lerner is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Richard A. Lerner is an American research chemist. Best known for his work on catalytic antibodies, Lerner served as President of The Scripps Research Institute until January 1, 2012, and is ...more

Philip James DeVries is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Philip James DeVries Philip James DeVries PhD is a tropical biologist whose research focuses on insect ecology and evolution, especially butterflies. His best-known work includes symbioses between caterpillars, ants ...more

Emil Racoviță is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Emil Racoviță was a Romanian biologist, zoologist, speleologist, explorer of Antarctica and the first biologist in the world to study the arctic life. Together with Grigore Antipa, he was one of ...more

Ernst Mayr is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Ernst Walter Mayr was one of the 20th century's leading evolutionary biologists. He was also a renowned taxonomist, tropical explorer, ornithologist, and historian of science. His work ...more

Alfred Russel Wallace is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Alfred Russel Wallace OM FRS was a British naturalist, explorer, geographer, anthropologist, and biologist. He is best known for independently conceiving the theory of evolution through natural ...more

Martin Holdgate is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Martin Holdgate Sir Martin Wyatt Holdgate CB is an English biologist and environmental scientist.

Helen Blau is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Helen M. Blau is the Donald E. and Delia B. Baxter Professor, director of the Baxter Laboratory for Stem Cell Biology in the department of microbiology and immunology, and a member of the new ...more

François-Vincent Raspail is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list List of Famous Biologists
François-Vincent Raspail, L.L.D., M.D. was a French chemist, naturalist, physician, physiologist, attorney, and socialist politician.

Craig Venter is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list List of Famous Biologists
John Craig Venter is an American biochemist, geneticist, and entrepreneur. He is known for being one of the first to sequence the human genome and the first to transfect a cell with a synthetic ...more

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebur... is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list List of Famous Biologists
The Right Honourable John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury PC FRS DCL LLD, known as Sir John Lubbock, 4th Baronet from 1865 until 1900, was a banker, Liberal politician, philanthropist, scientist and ...more

Stuart L. Pimm is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Stuart L. Pimm Stuart Leonard Pimm is an American-British biologist and theoretical ecologist specializing in scientific research of biodiversity and conservation biology.

Leroy Hood is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Leroy Hood is an American biologist. He is president and co-founder of the Institute for Systems Biology. The inventions developed under his leadership include the automated DNA sequencer and an ...more

Francisco J. Ayala is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Francisco José Ayala Pereda is a Spanish-American evolutionary biologist and philosopher at the University of California, Irvine. He is a former Dominican priest, ordained in 1960, but ...more

Jeff Corwin is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Jeffrey Corwin is an American animal and nature conservationist, known as host and executive producer of the Animal Planet cable channel television programs The Jeff Corwin Experience and ...more

Elizabeth Lambert is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Penelope Williamson is an American writer of romance novels as her real name and as the pen names Elizabeth Lambert and Penn Williamson. Penelope Williamson lives with her husband in Idaho. ...more

James Thomson is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list List of Famous Biologists
James Alexander Thomson is an American developmental biologist best known for deriving the first human embryonic stem cell line in 1998 and for deriving human induced pluripotent stem cells in

Lynn Margulis is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Lynn Margulis was an American biologist best known for her scientific theory on the origin of complex cells, called symbiogenesis. She obtained a bachelor degree from the University of Chicago ...more

Michael Reiss is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Michael Reiss Michael Reiss, FIBiol FRSA is a British bioethicist, educator, and journalist. He is also an Anglican priest. Reiss is Professor of Science Education at the Institute of Education, University of ...more

Roger Payne is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Roger Searle Payne is an American biologist and environmentalist famous for the 1967 discovery of whale song among humpback whales. Payne later became an important figure in the worldwide ...more

Daniel Pauly is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Daniel Pauly is a French-born marine biologist, well known for his work in studying human impacts on global fisheries. He is a professor and the project leader of the Sea Around Us Project at ...more

Ian Read Gibbons is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Ian Read Gibbons Professor Ian Read Gibbons has been a leading figure in Cell Biology for over the past four decades.

Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov was a Russian zoologist best known for his pioneering research into the immune system. In particular, he is credited with the discovery of phagocytes in 1882, and his ...more

J. B. S. Haldane is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list List of Famous Biologists
John Burdon Sanderson Haldane, FRS known as "Jack", was a British naturalised Indian scientist. He was a polymath well known for his works in physiology, genetics and evolutionary ...more

David Baltimore is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list List of Famous Biologists
David Baltimore is an American biologist, university administrator, and Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine. He served as president of the California Institute of Technology from 1997 to ...more

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte d... is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon was a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and encyclopedic author. His works influenced the next two generations of naturalists, including ...more

Thomas Huxley is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Thomas Henry Huxley PC FRS FLS was an English biologist, known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. Huxley's famous debate in 1860 with ...more

Gustav Nossal is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Sir Gustav Victor Joseph Nossal, AC, CBE is a distinguished Australian research biologist. He is famous for his contributions to the fields of antibody formation and immunological tolerance.

Roman Vishniac is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Roman Vishniac was a Russian-American photographer, best known for capturing on film the culture of Jews in Central and Eastern Europe before the Holocaust. A complete archive of his work now ...more

Norman Heatley is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Norman George Heatley was a member of the team of Oxford University scientists who developed penicillin. Norman Heatley developed the back extraction technique for efficiently purifying ...more

John Hopfield is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list List of Famous Biologists
John Joseph Hopfield is an American scientist most widely known for his invention of an associative neural network in 1982. It is now more commonly known as the Hopfield Network. John Hopfield ...more

Nell Newman is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list List of Famous Biologists
Elinor Teresa Newman is a former child actress who performed under the name of Nell Potts. She is an environmentalist, biologist, and a prominent supporter of sustainable agriculture, who became ...more