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List of Famous Biologists

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List of famous biologists, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Renowned like those found below have helped make a great impact on the world, through a combination of hard work and dedication to their profession. This list includes the most prominent biologists, living and dead, from every country in the world. Interesting information is included in this list of notable biologists, such as where these historic biologists were born and what their nationality is. If your dream job is to be a popular biologist then you should look to these people for inspiration.

This list features people like Charles Darwin and Carl Sagan.

If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous biologists?" and "Who are the best biologists?" then you're in the right place. 
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  • Helen M. Blau is the Donald E. and Delia B. Baxter Professor, director of the Baxter Laboratory for Stem Cell Biology in the department of microbiology and immunology, and a member of the new...  more
  • François-Vincent Raspail, L.L.D., M.D. (25 January 1794 – 7 January 1878) was a French chemist, naturalist, physician, physiologist, attorney, and socialist politician. ...  more
  • John Craig Venter (born October 14, 1946) is an American biotechnologist, biochemist, geneticist, and businessman. He is known for leading the first draft sequence of the human genome and assembled...  more
  • John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury, 4th Baronet, (30 April 1834 – 28 May 1913), known as Sir John Lubbock, 4th Baronet from 1865 until 1900, was an English banker, Liberal politician, philanthropist,...  more
  • Stuart L. Pimm

    Stuart Leonard Pimm is an American-British biologist and theoretical ecologist specializing in scientific research of biodiversity and conservation biology....  more
  • Leroy "Lee" Edward Hood (born October 10, 1938) is an American biologist who has served on the faculties at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and the University of Washington. Hood...  more
  • Francisco José Ayala Pereda (born March 12, 1934) is a Spanish-American evolutionary biologist and philosopher who was a longtime faculty member at the University of California, Irvine and University...  more
  • Jeffrey Corwin (born July 11, 1967) is an American biologist and wildlife conservationist, known for hosting Disney Channel's Going Wild with Jeff Corwin, The Jeff Corwin Experience on Animal Planet,...  more
  • Elizabeth Lambert

    Penelope Williamson (b. Fairbanks, Alaska, United States) is an American writer of romance novels as her real name and as the pen names Elizabeth Lambert and Penn Williamson. Penelope Williamson...  more
  • James Alexander Thomson is an American developmental biologist best known for deriving the first human embryonic stem cell line in 1998 and for deriving human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) in...  more
  • Lynn Margulis (born Lynn Petra Alexander; March 5, 1938 – November 22, 2011) was an American evolutionary theorist and biologist, science author, educator, and popularizer, and was the primary modern...  more
  • Michael Reiss

    Michael J. Reiss, FRSB FRSA (born 1960) is a British bioethicist, educator, and journalist. He is also an Anglican priest. Reiss is professor of science education at the Institute of Education,...  more
  • Roger Searle Payne (born January 29, 1935) is an American biologist and environmentalist famous for the 1967 discovery (with Scott McVay) of whale song among humpback whales. Payne later became an...  more
  • Daniel Pauly is a French-born marine biologist, well known for his work in studying human impacts on global fisheries. He is a professor and the project leader of the Sea Around Us Project at the UBC...  more
  • Ian Read Gibbons

    Professor Ian Read Gibbons has been a leading figure in Cell Biology for over the past four decades....
  • Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (Russian: Илья́ Ильи́ч Ме́чников, also written as Élie Metchnikoff; 15 May [O.S. 3 May] 1845 – 15 July 1916) was a Russian zoologist best known for his pioneering research in...  more
  • John Burdon Sanderson Haldane (; 5 November 1892 – 1 December 1964) was a British-Indian scientist known for his work in the study of physiology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and mathematics. He...  more
  • David Baltimore (born March 7, 1938) is an American biologist, university administrator, and 1975 Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine, he is a Professor of Biology at the California Institute of...  more
  • Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɔʁʒ lwi ləklɛʁ kɔ̃t də byfɔ̃]; 7 September 1707 – 16 April 1788) was a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and...  more
  • Thomas Henry Huxley (4 May 1825 – 29 June 1895) was an English biologist and anthropologist specialising in comparative anatomy. He is known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of Charles...  more
  • Sir Gustav Victor Joseph Nossal, , FRS (born 4 June 1931) is a distinguished Australian research biologist. He is famous for his contributions to the fields of antibody formation and immunological...  more
  • Roman Vishniac (; Russian: Рома́н Соломо́нович Вишня́к; August 19, 1897 – January 22, 1990) was a Russian-American photographer, best known for capturing on film the culture of Jews in Central and...  more
  • Norman George Heatley OBE (10 January 1911 – 5 January 2004) was an English biologist and biochemist. He was member of the team of Oxford University scientists who developed penicillin. Norman...  more
  • John Joseph Hopfield (born July 15, 1933) is an American scientist most widely known for his invention of an associative neural network in 1982. It is now more commonly known as the Hopfield Network....  more
  • Elinor Teresa Newman (born April 8, 1959) is a former child actress who performed under the name of Nell Potts. She is an environmentalist, biologist, and a prominent supporter of sustainable...  more