WWII
241k readers

Notable Holocaust Survivors

Updated November 5, 2019 241k views181 items
Editor's Note: Voting and Reranking have been closed.

This list of Holocaust survivors features information about people who survived the Holocaust. Over 200 of the most famous Holocaust survivors have been listed, with pictures, and many of the entries have additional biographical data. This Holocaust survivors list includes many Jews, but we mustn't forget the Gypsies, gays, and other groups the German Nazis targeted. That said, it's the Jewish community who spearheads the effort to ensure that death camps, such as those in World War II Germany and its neighboring countries, never happen again.

It is also these victims who rebuff Holocaust denial, the deniers who claim the medical experiments and gas chambers of the Third Reich were exaggerations if not complete fabrications. If you are looking to find out who were the most well-known Jews who survived the Holocaust, they are here, and they would certainly say otherwise to the deniers. Some of the most famous survivors of the Holocaust include director Roman Polanski, concert promoter Bill Graham, and sex therapist Dr. Ruth Westheimer.

Who are the notable Holocaust survivors and important people who were in the Holocaust? Take a look at this list to find out. And be sure to vote for your favorite famous Holocaust movies as well.
...more
  • Rajmund Roman Thierry Polański (born 18 August 1933) is a French-Polish film director, producer, writer, and actor. Since 1978, he has been a fugitive from the U.S. criminal justice system, having...  more
  • Eliezer Wiesel (, Hebrew: אֱלִיעֶזֶר וִיזֶל‎ ʾĔlîʿezer Vîzel; September 30, 1928 – July 2, 2016) was a Romanian-born American writer, professor, political activist, Nobel Laureate, and Holocaust...  more
  • Ruth Westheimer

    Age: 93
    Ruth Westheimer (born June 4, 1928), better known as Dr. Ruth, is a German-American sex therapist, media personality, and author. Her media career began in 1980 with the radio show Sexually Speaking,...  more
  • Daniel Kahneman

    Age: 87
    Daniel Kahneman (; Hebrew: דניאל כהנמן‎; born March 5, 1934) is an Israeli-American psychologist and economist notable for his work on the psychology of judgment and decision-making, as well as...  more
  • Primo Levi

    Dec. at 67 (1919-1987)
    Primo Michele Levi (Italian: [ˈpriːmo ˈlɛːvi]; 31 July 1919 – 11 April 1987) was an Italian Jewish chemist, writer, and Holocaust survivor. He was the author of several books, novels, collections of...  more
  • Olivier Messiaen

    Dec. at 83 (1908-1992)
    Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen (UK: , US: , French: [ɔlivje mɛsjɑ̃]; December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the...  more
  • Simon Wiesenthal

    Dec. at 96 (1908-2005)
    Simon Wiesenthal (31 December 1908 – 20 September 2005) was a Jewish Austrian Holocaust survivor, Nazi hunter, and writer. He studied architecture and was living in Lwów at the outbreak of World War...  more
  • Robert Clary (born Robert Max Widerman; March 1, 1926) is a French-American actor, published author, artist and lecturer. He is known for his role in the television sitcom Hogan's Heroes as Corporal...  more
  • Irena Sendler

    Dec. at 98 (1910-2008)
    Irena Stanisława Sendler (née Krzyżanowska), also referred to as Irena Sendlerowa in Poland, nom de guerre "Jolanta" (15 February 1910 – 12 May 2008), was a Polish social worker, humanitarian and...  more
  • Bill Graham

    Dec. at 60 (1931-1991)
    Bill Graham (born Wulf Wolodia Grajonca; January 8, 1931 – October 25, 1991) was a German-American impresario and rock concert promoter from the 1960s until his death in 1991 in a helicopter crash....  more
  • Walter Kohn (German pronunciation: [ˈvaltɐ ˈkoːn]; March 9, 1923 – April 19, 2016) was an American theoretical physicist and theoretical chemist. He was awarded, with John Pople, the Nobel Prize in...  more
  • Imre Kertész (Hungarian: [ˈimrɛ ˈkɛrteːs]; 9 November 1929 – 31 March 2016) was a Hungarian author and recipient of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Literature, "for writing that upholds the fragile...  more
  • Witold Pilecki

    Dec. at 47 (1901-1948)
    Witold Pilecki (13 May 1901 – 25 May 1948; Polish pronunciation: [ˈvitɔlt piˈlɛt͡skʲi]; codenames Roman Jezierski, Tomasz Serafiński, Druh, Witold) was a Polish cavalry officer, intelligence agent,...  more
  • Georges Charpak

    Dec. at 86 (1924-2010)
    Georges Charpak (French: [ʃaʁpak]; born Jerzy Charpak, 8 March 1924 – 29 September 2010) was a Polish-born French physicist from a Jewish family who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1992....  more
  • Pierre Seel

    Dec. at 82 (1923-2005)
    Pierre Seel (16 August 1923 in Haguenau, Bas-Rhin – 25 November 2005 in Toulouse, Haute-Garonne) was a gay Holocaust survivor and the only French person to have testified openly about his experience...  more
  • Simone Annie Liline Veil, DBE (French: [simɔn vɛj] (listen), née Jacob; 13 July 1927 – 30 June 2017) was a French lawyer and politician who served as Minister of Health under Valéry Giscard...  more
  • Liviu Librescu

    Dec. at 76 (1930-2007)
    Liviu Librescu (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈlivju liˈbresku]; Hebrew: ליביו ליברסקו‎; August 18, 1930 – April 16, 2007) was a Romanian–American scientist and engineer. A prominent academic in addition...  more
  • Rudolf Vrba

    Dec. at 81 (1924-2006)
    Rudolf "Rudi" Vrba (born Walter Rosenberg; 11 September 1924 – 27 March 2006) was a Slovak-Jewish biochemist who, as a teenager in 1942, was deported to the Auschwitz concentration camp in...  more
  • Charlotte Delbo

    Dec. at 71 (1913-1985)
    Charlotte Delbo, (10 August 1913 – 1 March 1985) was a French writer chiefly known for her haunting memoirs of her time as a prisoner in Auschwitz, where she was sent for her activities as a member...  more
  • Ernest Mandel

    Dec. at 72 (1923-1995)
    Ernest Ezra Mandel (Dutch: [manˈdɛl]; also known by various pseudonyms such as Ernest Germain, Pierre Gousset, Henri Vallin, Walter; 5 April 1923 – 20 July 1995), was a Belgian Marxian economist and...  more
  • Emil Fackenheim

    Dec. at 87 (1916-2003)
    Emil Ludwig Fackenheim (22 June 1916 – 18 September 2003) was a noted Jewish philosopher and Reform rabbi.Born in Halle, Germany, he was arrested by Nazis on the night of 9 November 1938, known as...  more
  • Ivan Klíma (born 14 September 1931 in Prague, as Ivan Kauders) is a Czech novelist and playwright. He has received the Magnesia Litera award and the Franz Kafka Prize, among other honors. ...  more
  • Kurt Goldstein

    Dec. at 86 (1878-1965)
    Kurt Goldstein (November 6, 1878 – September 19, 1965) was a German neurologist and psychiatrist who created a holistic theory of the organism. Educated in medicine, Goldstein studied under Carl...  more
  • Louis Begley (born October 6, 1933) is a Polish-born Jewish American novelist. He is best known for writing the semi-autobiographical Holocaust novel Wartime Lies (1991) and the Schmidt trilogy:...  more
  • Balys Sruoga

    Dec. at 51 (1896-1947)
    Balys Sruoga (February 2, 1896, in Baibokai, Kovno Governorate – October 16, 1947, Vilnius) was a Lithuanian poet, playwright, critic, and literary theorist....  more