Some of the most notorious criminals in history have committed truly heinous acts. Not all of them were caught, with identities of serial killers like Jack the Ripper and the Zodiac Killer still unknown today. However, there are some murderers, thieves, and other offenders who did end up in the hands of the authorities - one way or another.
Not all famous historical criminals were apprehended for their worst acts. A technicality, a mistake, a small offense, or even the need for attention have brought down numerous crooks. What finally did in these villains may not be what you'd expect, but it ultimately brought their crime streaks to an end.
Ted Kaczynski, better known as the Unabomber, killed three people and injured nearly two dozen more between 1978 and 1995. He mailed bombs to college and university campuses, the homes of business executives, and even placed an incendiary device on an American Airlines flight in 1979. His bombs were lethal, made by hand, and untraceable, making the Unabomber elusive for nearly two decades.
It wasn't until 1995 that Kaczynski - a recluse who lived in a cabin in Montana - released a manifesto that ultimately led to his downfall. The work explained his views about the destruction being wrought on the world by technology but, after it was published by the FBI, the style and ideas it contained were recognized by one reader - David Kaczynski.
After David contacted the FBI, the documents he provided linking his brother Ted to the manifesto were enough to get a search warrant of the Montana cabin. FBI agents found bomb-making materials, additional writings, and other items that ultimately led to his identification as the Unabomber.
Ted Kaczynski was arrested in 1997, plead guilty to all charges against him in 1998, and was sentenced to life in prison.20727Surprising downfall?
Harold "Fred" Shipman (also called "Dr. Death") was a physician in England who killed hundreds of patients over the course of his career. It wasn't the death of his patient Kathleen Grundy that initially alerted authorities that something was amiss, however; it was the falsified will he'd created prior to killing her that led to his arrest.
Grundy was 81 when she died in 1998, reportedly having just been visited by her physician, Dr. Shipman. No autopsy was performed, but when Grundy's will was presented to the family, they were surprised to see she had left Shipman the majority of her estate. Shipman's daughter Angela Woodruff was convinced the document was fake and took it to the police.
Grundy's body was later exhumed, and an exam determined she had died from an overdose of morphine. Because Shipman's visit coincided with Grundy's final hours, the police seized his records and searched his home. His typewriter was determined to have produced the forged will.
Shipman was charged with Grundy's murder in 1998, and investigations soon linked the physician to 15 additional deaths. He was charged with 15 additional counts of murder in 1999 and sentenced to life in prison. At the time of Shipman's death in 2004, he was believed to have possibly killed more than 250 patients.19834Surprising downfall?
H.H. Holmes, born Herman Mudgett, began scamming insurance companies to pay for his medical degree, essentially taking out insurance policies on cadavers. During the 1880s, he worked as a pharmacist in Chicago, where his access to drugs and his propensity for crime allowed him to earn money to open "The Castle" in 1893.
"The Castle" was where Holmes carried out murders, dissections, and acts of brutality as he continued to defraud insurance companies with bodies of people who stayed at the site. Castle "residents" weren't Holmes's only victims, however. After his partner, Benjamin Pitezel, was found dead in 1894, Holmes collected a $10,000 payout from the Fidelity Mutual Life Association.
Subsequent investigation led the insurance company to doubt the claim, and Holmes fled to Boston. He was arrested while there, but it wasn't for insurance fraud or murder. Rather, Holmes was detained by Boston police and a Pinkerton detective for "larceny of one horse." Once in captivity, Holmes was put on trial for Pitezel's murder.
Holmes was convicted and sentenced to death but, before his execution, he confessed to 27 murders. He received a hefty sum from Hearst newspapers for his statement, however, and the number of people he killed remains unclear. Holmes was hanged on May 7, 1896.14420Surprising downfall?
Ed Gein, who was the inspiration for Norman Bates in Robert Bloch's novel Psycho, violated the living and the dead. In 1957, he was connected to the disappearance of a hardware clerk named Bernice Worden. Gein was the last patron of the store on November 16, the day Worden vanished. His purchase? Antifreeze.
As a result, police searched his home. When authorities arrived at Gein's house, they found Worden's decapitated, disemboweled body. They also discovered the remains of at least 10 other women alongside various body parts, suits made out of skin, and a host of human skulls.
Gein was arrested and confessed to killing Worden. He also admitted killing Mary Hogan three years earlier. Hogan's remains were also found on Gein's property. He was determined to be mentally incompetent and didn't immediately stand trial. Gein was sent to a psychiatric institution until 1968 and, the following year, appeared before the court for his crimes. He was again determined to be unfit and returned to psychiatric care. He died in 1984.14524Surprising downfall?