We've all heard the fantastic tales of King Tut and the stories of Nefertiti, and how they wound up encased in brilliant tombs filled with treasure only to be uncovered thousands of years later. Their tombs are the stuff of legend, and there are few mysteries greater than those of the pyramids, but some of what was found inside these mystical tombs was a bit stranger than one might expect. Golden jewelry? Makes sense. Entire boats? Come again?
This collection of artifacts, some pilfered and some honestly excavated, shine a light on the daily life of Ancient Egyptians, as it shows us what they considered important enough to bring with them into the afterlife. It has to make you wonder what they would think about our comparatively simple processes of cremation and burial, but for now just try to wrap your head around these odd artifacts. Would you want these things with you in the afterlife?
Egyptian pharaohs needed to sail through the night on a barge, so of course some had boats buried with them. In particular, the Old Kingdom Pharaoh Khufu, buried in the Great Pyramid at Giza, had his burial excavated, only for archaeologists to uncover more than 1,200 pieces of a giant boat nearby. Today, they've reassembled the ship, which is now on display in Egypt. It's 144 feet long, made mostly of cedar imported from Lebanon, and doesn't contain a single nail, using some fancy joining techniques that would put modern engineers to shame.
King Tut was buried not just with a lot of stuff, but also with two unborn fetuses. In fact, they were his own biological children, possibly stillborn twins that his wife, Queen Ankhesenamun, gave birth to. One fetus was aged five months, the other between seven and nine months. Alternatively, Egyptologist Zahi Hawass doesn't believe these were Tut's kids, but someone else's children that would be reborn in the afterlife.
Fancy Chariots And Even Some Not So Fancy Chariots
In order to gallop out the hunt in the afterlife, pharaohs needed chariots...and boy, did they have them. King Tut had six buried in his tomb with him: three for decorative use, and three for everyday affairs. It would be hard to stick fully-constructed chariots in a low-ceilinged tomb, so they were dismantled before being stowed away for eternity. The technology, which reached Egypt in the second millennium B.C.E., was a favorite one to use in both war and play.
Elaborate Board Games
Pharaohs needed to have fun after death - don't we all? - so they stocked up on board games in their tombs. One really popular one was senet, translated as "passing." It was sort of an ancient version of Parcheesi. Folks played them on many-squared boards; if you were rich, the boards might be made out of fancy materials like faience. Fun!