The 1960s was a great decade for the horror genre. Sixties' horror films pioneered many innovations, such as the introduction of copious gore, nonlinear plots, and realistic storylines. Between the threat of nuclear annihilation, the Vietnam war, and the psychedelic hippie movement, it was a truly terrifying time to live.
The 1960s marked the decline of traditional Hollywood, and the rise of independent filmmakers. Radicalism found its way into cinema, and nowhere was it more pronounced than in horror. The old guard monsters like Dracula and Frankenstein's monster gave way to new types of monsters like Norman Bates and flesh-eating zombies. Many new techniques were tried: some of them failed, but others ushered in a new era.
While films like Psycho, The Birds, and The Night of the Living Dead captured the public consciousness, a lot of great horror from the '60s has been forgotten. This list of obscure horror movies should even up the score a bit. Some of these you may have heard of. All of them are highly recommended.
This Vincent Price film is a masterful adaptation of the Edgar Allen Poe short story of the same name. The Masque of the Red Death centers around a despotic prince whose kingdom is gripped by the Red Death plague. The style is reminiscent of Shakespeare, with a touch of Satanism thrown in. With opulent costume parties, Satanic rituals, and a disease that makes you bleed from your pores, this film has it all.
This independent film begins with a woman surviving a traumatic car crash. From that moment she is haunted, having difficulty distinguishing reality from hallucination. Eerie throughout, this black and white film makes excellent use of shadow and dead space to leave the viewer feeling isolated and detached. The score adds another layer of creepy, making Carnival of Souls an excellent horror film.
This 1968 Japanese horror involves a ghost who has been ripping out the throats of samurai in medieval Japan. A samurai is dispatched to stop the spirit, but he must face his own past to do so. This Criterion Collection film is extremely sexual, and surprisingly feminist for the time. Combining a complex plot with eerie cinematography, Kuroneko remains one of the best examples of Japanese horror.
The mask is really creepy, first and foremost. Beyond the visually frightening imagery, though, lies a suspenseful and complete horror film. Eyes Without a Face is both gory and macabre by the day's standards, initially having trouble getting past the censors. It is a great example of the shift toward realism in horror that defined the '60s. This French film follows a doctor's attempts to restore his daughter's disfigured face to its former beauty, even if it means using less than ethical means.