Octopuses are extremely complicated, mysterious, talented creatures with a long list of hidden talents! These spineless but colorful sea-dwelling beasts have been around for ages keeping life in the ocean interesting. Check out this list of the most fun octopus facts and quickly see why these creatures reign supreme on the ocean floor.
This list of random octopus facts will make you fear and admire the animals down below... if you ever see one. They are masters of defense with the ability to camouflage their entire bodies in mere seconds. In addition, they are extremely agile due to their lack of a skeleton, and they can even grow back arms they've lost! And let's not forget the way octopuses use ink to deter predators. That unique defense mechanism has fascinated humans for centuries! These interesting octopus facts are only the beginning on this list, full of fun information about octopuses.Take a look at all the facts below and vote up the coolest and most interesting octopus tidbits. And watch out for those arms - they are more than just suction cups!
Some Female Octopuses Have Deep-Sea Nursuries
In October 2018, scientists discovered a nursery of octopuses off the coast of Monterey, CA. Researchers found thousands of Muusoctopus robustus two miles beneath the surface of the Pacific Ocean, nestling in the rocks. The females' bodies were inverted - or inside-out - which is common for females who are protecting their offspring. Some of the inverted females even had embryos still attached to their tentacles.
"We went down the eastern flank of this small hill, and that's when - boom - we just started seeing pockets of dozens here, dozens there, dozens everywhere," said Chad King, a chief scientist on the Exploration Vessel Nautilus.
Scientists also noted that the water in the area "shimmered, kind of like an oasis or heat wave off the pavement."
This discovery suggests that octopuses brood - or take care of their young - in areas that have warm water, which may help their offspring survive.
Octopuses Have Three Hearts
Two of an octopus's hearts move blood though the body, beyond the gills, while the third keeps circulation flowing for its organs. That third heart, called the systemic heart, stops beating when an octopus swims. This is suspected to be part of the reason why octopuses prefer to crawl.Source: Smithsonian
Octopuses Have Blue Blood
Octopuses have evolved a copper-based blood (rather than iron-based blood, like humans have) that allows them to survive in the deep ocean. This type of blood is blue due to a protein called hemocyanin, and it is efficient at transporting oxygen throughout the octopus's body in low temperatures.Source: Smithsonian
Octopuses Are Camouflage Experts
Octopuses are able to change the color of their entire body in three-tenths of a second. All cephalopods have skin that has three layers. The top outermost layer contains cells called chromatophores, which detect signals from underlying nerves and muscles and change color accordingly. Chromatophores contain red, orange, yellow, brown, and black pigments surrounded by muscles. The middle layer contains mirror-like cells called iridophores that instantaneously reflect the brightness of the animal's environment.
This is not thought to be conscious; in fact, cephalopods are believed to be colorblind! The bottom layer of skin contains white cells that provide contrast to the colors and patterns of the outer layers.
Source: Live Science