Love potions are powerful stuff—if they work, that is. They're incredibly popular in pop culture, depictions of witchcraft, and have their roots in history as far back as Biblical times. The idea of a love potion is idyllic: give the object of your desire a little vial to ingest, and they will become yours forever. However, the reality of these love potions was a little more complicated and a lot more disgusting than that. Up there with gross foods from colonial America, aristocratic France, and even the 1950s, the ingredients in some of these ancient, medieval, and even more modern love potion recipes range from the icky, like insects, to the straight-up horrid, like crushed bones and menstrual blood. Be sure to venture into this article on an empty stomach.
Ancient Greeks Consumed A Popular Ingredient Until It Went Exctinct
One plant was especially important to ancient Greeks looking to create love potions: satyrion, or satirio. The orchid was considered a pleasure plant and, when ground into a powder and added to wine, was said to be a potent aphrodisiac that would make whoever consumed it "passionately and wildly in love." Satyrion was so popular, people used it until there was literally none left, causing the plant to go extinct.
Mandrakes Were Used Despite Their Tendency To Make People Actually Go Insane
Mandrake root, perhaps most notable in this day and age for its appearance in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, has been considered an aphrodisiac for centuries, even as far back as Biblical times. It has been used frequently in love magic throughout the ages, and is even still used for such purposes today. The root can be ingested in potions, and worn as an amulet for fertility. The downside of mandrake root is that it allegedly screams when pulled from the ground, to the point where it can cause insanity or even death to those who hear it.
A Variety Of Animal Remains Were Incredibly Popular, Especially Spanish Fly
Animal products of all sorts were used in love potions all across the world. According to History Answers, recipes called for:
"sparrow heads, deer heart, the droppings of a stork, fat of a snake, brain of a sparrow, testicles of an ass, bones from a left side of a toad which has been devoured by ants, blood and heart of a pigeon, and...bat’s blood in beer."
The most popular animal used in potions was the Spanish Fly, or the Blister Beetle. Usage of Spanish Fly dates back to Hippocrates. According to Latin chroniclers, the ingredient was considered a powerful aphrodisiac, and was crushed and put into numerous potions, which were incredibly popular at the courts of Roman Emperor Augustus. However, Spanish Fly is actually quite dangerous, and can cause permanent kidney and liver damage.
Blood And Insects Were The 16th Century French Equivalent Of An Aphrodisiac
It seems the grosser the recipe, the more effective the results. One 17th century French potion required various love potions to contain a mixture of Spanish Fly, herbs, and menstrual blood. Spanish flies were considered a common aphrodisiac, used by women to create love potions for their husbands. Sometimes, if the potions were found to be ineffective, women would turn to simply poisoning their husbands in order to remarry for love.