Roman Architecture Buildings/Structures

List of famous buildings in the Roman architecture movement, listed alphabetically with photos when available. This list of Roman architecture buildings, structures and monuments includes information like what city the structure is in, and when it was first opened to the public. There are a lot of historic Roman architecture structures around the world, so why not save some money and check them out here without having to pay for travel? These popular Roman architecture buildings attract visitors from all over the world, so if you're ever near them you should definitely pay them a visit. Colosseum and Pantheon are only the beginning of the items on this list.

This list is a great source for answering the questions, "What are the most famous Roman architecture buildings?" and "What do Roman architecture buildings look like?"

  • The National City Bank Building at 55 Wall Street between William and Hanover Streets in the Financial District of downtown Manhattan, New York City, was built in 1836-41 as the Merchants' Exchange, replacing the previous exchange, which had opened in 1827 and burned down in the Great Fire of New York in 1835. The new building was designed by Isaiah Rogers in the Greek Revival style. The United States Custom House moved into the building in 1862 – with the conversion of the building overseen by William A. Potter – and occupied it until 1907, when it moved to the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House at 1 Bowling Green. After the Custom House left, James Stillman, president of National City ...more
    • Style: Greek Revival, Roman architecture
  • Alcántara Bridge

    The Alcántara Bridge is a Roman stone arch bridge built over the Tagus River at Alcántara, Spain between 104 and 106 AD by an order of the Roman Emperor Trajan in 98. It bears the inscription Pontem perpetui mansurum in saecula on the archway over the central pier.
    • Style: Roman architecture
  • An amphitheatre or amphitheater is an open-air venue used for entertainment, performances, and sports. The term derives from the ancient Greek ἀμφιθέατρον, from ἀμφί, meaning "on both sides" or "around" and θέατρον, meaning "place for viewing". Ancient Roman amphitheatres were oval or circular in plan, with seating tiers that surrounded the central performance area, like a modern open-air stadium. In contrast both ancient Greek and ancient Roman theatres were built in a semicircle, with tiered seating rising on one side of the performance area. Modern usage for "amphitheater" is lax, and does not always respect the ancient usage. As a result the word can be found describing theatre-style ...more
    • Style: Roman architecture
  • The Antonine Wall is a stone and turf fortification built by the Romans across what is now the Central Belt of Scotland, between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde. Representing the northernmost frontier barrier of the Roman Empire, it spanned approximately 63 kilometres and was about 3 metres high and 5 metres wide. Security was bolstered by a deep ditch on the northern side. The barrier was the second of two "great walls" created by the Romans in Northern Britain. Its ruins are less evident than the better known Hadrian's Wall to the south. Construction began in CE 142 at the order of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius, and took about 12 years to complete. Pressure from the Caledonians ...more
  • The amphitheatre of El Djem, built in the 3rd century AD by the proconsul Gordian, is one of the most impressive Roman remains in Africa.
    • Style: Roman architecture
    • Building Function: Amphitheatre
  • The Amphitheatrum Castrense is a Roman amphitheatre in Rome, next to the church of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme. It is the third ancient amphitheatre of Rome after the Colosseum and the Theater of Marcellus, portions of which are still easily visible.
    • Style: Roman architecture