Throughout the Abrahamic religions, Satan is referred to by many different names; however, some of his aliases are actually the names of other demons. In fact, there are four crown princes of Hell, and Satan is considered the king of them all. One of the three other princes is Lucifer. While the name "Lucifer" is used interchangeably with Satan in the Bible, demonologists assert that Lucifer is a separate demon. The final two crown princes of Hell are Belial and Leviathan; their chapters in the Satanic Bible provide instructions on how to summon Satan.
Many believe these four crown princes are nothing more than mythical beings meant to frighten people. However, much like Abaddon, these entities have much deeper meanings and histories to those that revere them. The four are hailed as the most powerful demons in Hell.
Satan's name is derived from the Hebrew word ha-satan, which translates to opposer, accuser, and adversary. He is the king of the crown princes, making him the strongest of the four entities. Satan does not oppose God, but rather rejects God's mandates.
As such, Satan is the crown prince with the most recognizable "alternative" religion tied to him, Satanism. Emerging in modern times with the writings and leadership of Anton LaVey, Satanism embraces the qualities of its patron demon in order to live a life full of pleasures and self-discipline. The religion's followers allow themselves the material happiness of this world while embracing the idea of an afterlife: "In other words, the primary role of Satan, in its various guises in world religions, is the rejection of spiritual wishful-thinking, and the embrace of our present real-world life. It seems that from the point of view of philosophical naturalism, Satan turns out to be the 'good' guy!"
According to Anton LaVey's Satanic Bible, Belial "symbolizes true independence, self-sufficiency, and personal accomplishment." In fact, his name means "without a master" and he embodies the idea of conceding to one's wants and primal needs. Belial is the overseer of carnal desires and fulfillment, and he is in favor of personal success and independent thought. He allegedly aspires to control men by hiding the truth of God from them.
Belial's chapter in the The Satanic Bible provides the foundations for summoning Satan and is called "The Mastery of the Earth." It commands the practitioner to remain steadfastly grounded in the world and not to look to the heavens for guidance.
Lucifer means "the morning star." Although he is often confused with Satan in the Christian Bible, Lucifer is a separate demon and one of the four most powerful beings in Hell. He embodies enlightenment and education.
Those that look to Lucifer for guidance see him as a supporter of creativity, science, and the pursuit of knowledge. His chapter in Anton LaVey's Satanic Bible is named "The Enlightenment," and he presents himself in the lit candles required for the rituals listed in the book. He is the "bringer of the light" in all of its forms, be it knowledge or actual illumination.
Leviathan is the last of the four crown princes of Hell. His book in The Satanic Bible is called "The Raging Sea" and provides instructions for summoning Satan, the king of the four princes. During Satanic rituals, Leviathan is spelled out in "Hebraic figures" around the perimeter of the Symbol of Baphomet.
Leviathan is sometimes referred to as the gatekeeper of Hell and is known for "sexual desire, from out of the unknown and feared depths. The hidden truth; the hidden and horrible nature of existence and struggle." He is described in Job 41:
Can you draw out Leviathan... or press down his tongue with a cord?... Will he make many pleas to you?...Will he make a covenant with you to take him for your servant forever... Behold, the hope of a man is false... Who can open the doors of his face? Around his teeth is terror... When he raises himself up, the mighty are afraid...On earth there is not his like, a creature without fear. He sees everything that is high; he is king over all the sons of pride.