List of drugs used to treat schizophrenia, including various medications for schizophrenia treatments. These medical treatments that are used to fight schizophrenia are in alphabetical order, and may include pictures when available. If you are wondering, "What drugs are used to treat schizophrenia?" consider that there are a variety of ways to treat schizophrenia conditions. This schizophrenia drug list includes the most common schizophrenia medications and may include prescription drugs and nonprescription medications.This list below has everything from Carbamazepine to Quetiapine.