Scientific breakthroughs happen across the globe each year as the world's top researchers make innovative discoveries that alter life on earth and change our perception of reality. The greatest scientific discoveries are an inspiring testament to the profound capabilities of the human mind. Each year, scientists make incredible discoveries.
In 2017, scientists learned how to pull water out of thin air and edit a human embryo. The latest breakthroughs from 2018 are just as impressive. If you haven't already learned about these recent scientific advances, now is the time.
This list of 2018 scientific discoveries features informative works that span a wide range of disciplines. The latest in science news is inspirational for a new generation of thinkers who will continue to push the boundaries of human capability. What were the biggest discoveries of 2018? Read on to find out.
MIT And Harvard Physicists Created A New Light Form
Two physicists from Harvard and MIT - Mikhail Lukin and Vladen Vuletic, respectively - created a new form of light in February 2018 via complex processes involving manipulating light particles called photons. The process used essentially made photons interact with one another in a new way by shining a laser through atoms kept at a low temperature. This caused photons to bind together, resulting in a new form of light.
This was a breakthrough in that it proved photons could interact in ways previously undiscovered. However, it's still unclear what - if any - practical use the discovery could have on the world. Nevertheless, Lukin and Vuletic at the very least deepened scientific understand of how light works.
DNA Nanobot Can Target And Kill Cancer Cells
In February 2018, scientists announced they had made major breakthroughs in nanobots designed to target and kill cancer cells specifically. Testing the nanobots on mice that had been injected with human cancer cells, the bots were able to locate the cells and cut off the blood supply of these cells, causing them to shrivel and die. No damage was done to other cells or parts of the body. The treatment essentially stopped tumor growth altogether. Scientists hope the bots can eventually be used on humans with cancer in the same fashion.
"Cheddar Man" - The Oldest Skeleton In Britain - Found To Have Dark Skin
Discovered in 1903, "Cheddar Man" is Britain's oldest complete human skeleton, believed to be of a man who lived 10,000 years ago during the Stone Age. In 2018, scientists reconstructed his facial features. The results indicate Cheddar Man was part of a dark skinned population of Western Europeans. He was likely a descendant of hunter -gatherers that migrated to Britain roughly 14,000 years ago.
What are the implications of this research? Fair skin is thought of as a defining train of Europeans, but it apparently only goes back about 6,000 years. This proves the assumption Europeans are - by nature - Caucasian is widely inaccurate.
Chemical Used In McDonald's Fries May Be Able To Regrow Hair Follicles
In February 2018, news broke regarding a paper published in the journal Biomaterials that may mean a breakthrough for reversing hair loss. Japanese researchers at Yokohama National University discovered the chemical dimethylpolysiloxane could mass produce hair follicles. This chemical is added to oil used to cook McDonald's fries.
Scientists transported the follicles grown with dimethylpolysiloxane onto the backs of mice. New hairs began to sprout shortly thereafter. Researchers hope this could lead to more successful treatments of hair loss in human. However, this chemical does not foster hair growth in and of itself. Eating more McDonald's fries is unlikely to reverse a receding hairline.