There is so much more to sharks than the popular image of them as cold-blooded, man-eating killing machines. Sure they're some of the most evolved and capable hunters in the animal kingdom, but there are plenty of shark facts that can better our understanding of these creatures and have you captivated by more than just their impressive teeth.Sharks have been known to curiously investigate humans and other objects in their environment that are strange to them. So indulge your curiosity for facts about sharks. Get to know their evolutionary history and their biology. Learn what makes them so impressive with the shark information collected in the list below!
Sharks Can Sense You from Your Body's Electricity
Sort of. Sharks have an array of electroreceptors in the pores around their mouths. These receptors can detect tiny electromagnetic fields made by things as seemingly inconsequential as muscle contractions or movements in living organisms. In the conductive environment of sea water, sharks have been measured detecting electric fields as weak as 5/1,000,000,000 of a volt per centimeter of receptor tissue.There is no hiding from a shark - this is almost as conductive as the most high-tech man-made materials.
Hammerheads Have a 360 Degree View of the World Around Them
One of the most distinctive looking types of sharks, it is believed that the shape of the shark's head and positioning of its eyes is an evolutionary adaptation to give it superior views of its surroundings. Hammerheads have a virtually 360 degree view at all times, letting them efficiently sweep for prey.
Until the 16th Century They Were Called "Sea Dogs"
Until the 16th century, mariners called sharks "sea dogs." Why? If you squint, a hairless teeth-lined maw with fins and no legs looks kind of like a dog, probably. The etymology of the word "shark" is not quite clear but it may have its origins in the Dutch words for predator or scoundrel.
Megalodons Are Amazing!
The picture is a to scale restoration, but many of the teeth in the sculpture were real fossilized teeth. The giant C. Megalodon sharks are now extinct but scientists believe that they could grow as long as 60 feet! "Megalodon" actually means "big tooth" in Ancient Greek.