List of diseases that include sore throat as a symptom. Any major, well-known medical conditions associated with sore throat are included below, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Any maladies, sicknesses or illnesses with sore throat as a symptom can be seen below. For any real, further diagnosis of something you feel you might have, please consult a doctor. This list includes information about each disease, such as what risks are associated with it. This list below has everything from Syphilis to Sinusitis.This list answers the questions, "What risks are associated with sore throat?" and "What disease can I have if I have sore throat?"