Weird History Soviet Spies Working in the United States  

William Neckard
16.8k views 172 items
List of Soviet spies and secret agents operating within the United States. The following individuals worked as espionage agents at various times during the 20th Century in America, on behalf of a number of foreign governments and agencies. Some were directly in the employ of the Soviet Union (USSR), while others worked for other Warsaw Pact member nations, and even simply nations affiliated with the Soviet or international Communist cause.

Obviously, there were likely Soviet or Communist spies in America who were never discovered, so no list can be absolutely definitive. This list focuses on people who eventually revealed or were revealed to have direct ties to espionage, either via their own testimony or other evidence.

The list includes individuals from every facet of American life, from Hollywood producers to intellectuals to scientists to even government employees. They also were working behind-the-scenes on a number of known and unknown Soviet or Communist operations. Some were in the business of stealing US secrets, others spreading disinformation and yet others on disrupting financial or military projects. When possible, the foreign governments or organizations the spies were working for have been included in the list.

A. A. Yatskov Working for: Soviet Union - The "Berg" & "Art" Group

A. I. Akhmerov Working for: Soviet Union - KGB Illegals

Dec. at 58 (1892-1950) Working for: Soviet Union - Sorge ring Agnes Smedley was an American journalist and writer. Well known for her semi-autobiographical novel Daughter of Earth as well as for her sympathetic chronicling of the Communist forces in the ...more

Al Sarant Working for: Soviet Union - Rosenberg ring

Alan Nunn May Dec. at 92 (1911-2003) Working for: Soviet Union - Buben group Alan Nunn May was a British physicist, and a confessed and convicted Soviet spy, who supplied secrets of British and United States atomic research to the Soviet Union during World War II.

age 76 Working for: Soviet Union - NKVD and KGB Aldrich Hazen Ames is an American who was convicted of espionage against his country in 1994. He is serving a life sentence without the possibility of parole in the high-security Allenwood U.S. ...more

Alexander Koral Working for: Soviet Union - The "Berg" & "Art" Group Alexander Koral was an American member of the Communist Party of the United States who headed a network of spies for Soviet intelligence during World War II called the "Art" or ...more

Alexander Ulanovsky Dec. at 79 (1891-1970) Working for: Soviet Union - GRU Illegals Alexander Petrovich Ulanovsky was the chief illegal "rezident" for Soviet Military Intelligence, who was rezident the United States from 1931 until 1934 and later, with his family, ...more

Alfred Tilton Working for: Soviet Union - GRU Illegals Alfred Tilton was a Latvian who was head of Soviet Military Intelligence in the United States in the late 1920s. He is best remembered for having recruited Latvian-American communist Nicholas ...more

Dec. at 92 (1904-1996) Working for: Soviet Union - Karl group, Ware group and Perlo group Alger Hiss was an American lawyer, government official, author, and lecturer. He was involved in the establishment of the United Nations both as a U.S. State Department and U.N. official. Hiss ...more

Allan Rosenberg Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups, Perlo group

Dec. at 76 (1924-2000) Working for: Soviet Union - Silvermaster group Anatole Boris Volkov was an American physicist, allegedly serving as a courier for the Silvermaster spy ring between Washington, D.C. and New York City. Volkov taught both abroad and in America, ...more

Anatoly Gorsky Dec. at 73 (1907-1980) Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups Anatoly Veniaminovich Gorsky, was a Soviet spy who, under cover as First Secretary "Anatoly Borisovich Gromov" of the Soviet Embassy in Washington, was secretly rezident in the United ...more

Dec. at 91 (1919-2010) Working for: Soviet Union - Rosenberg ring Andrew Roth was a biographer and journalist known for his compilation of Parliamentary Profiles, a directory of biographies of British Members of Parliament, a small sample of which is available ...more

Arthur Gerald Steinberg Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups

Arvid Jacobson Working for: Soviet Union - GRU Arvid Jacobson was a Finnish-American Communist who spied for the Soviet Union in the 1930s.

Dec. at 97 (1915-2012) Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups, Silvermaster group Bela Gold, also Bill Gold, was a Hungarian-born American businessman and professor.

Ben-Zion Goldberg Working for: Soviet Union - Buben group

age 99 Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups Bernard Sidney Redmont is an American journalist and Professor of Journalism and later Dean of the College of Communication at Boston University.

Bernard Schuster Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups

Bernice Levin Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups

Bill Weisband Dec. at 59 (1908-1967) Working for: Soviet Union - Ware group William Weisband, Sr. was an American cryptanalyst and NKVD agent, best known for his role in revealing U.S. decryptions of Soviet diplomatic and intelligence codes to Soviet intelligence.

Boris Devyatkin Working for: Soviet Union - GRU Illegals

Dec. at 72 (1891-1963) Working for: Soviet Union - Mocase Boris Morros was an American Communist Party member, Soviet agent, and FBI double agent. He also worked at Paramount Pictures, where he produced films as well as supervising their music ...more

Byron T. Darling Working for: Soviet Union - The "Berg" & "Art" Group

Carl Marzani Dec. at 82 (1912-1994) Working for: Soviet Union - Buben group Carl Aldo Marzani was an Italian-born leftwing political activist and publisher. He was successively a Communist Party organizer, volunteer soldier in the Spanish Civil War, United States ...more

Dec. at 86 (1904-1990) Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups Cedric Henning Belfrage was an English film critic, journalist, writer, and political activist. He is best remembered as a co-founder of the radical US-weekly newspaper the National Guardian.

Charles Flato Dec. at 76 (1908-1984) Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups Charles S. Flato was an American writer, American Communist Party member and a Soviet agent. Flato was employed by the United States government and spied for the Soviet intelligence during World ...more

Charles Kramer Working for: Soviet Union - Perlo group, Sound and Myrna groups Charles Kramer, originally Charles Krevisky was an American economist who worked for U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt as part of his brain trust. Among other contributions, he wrote the ...more

Chen Hansheng Dec. at 107 (1897-2004) Working for: Soviet Union - Sorge ring Chen Hansheng, also known as Chen Han-seng and Geoffrey Chen, was a Chinese sociologist and considered a pioneer of modern Chinese social science, and also a member of legendary Soviet ...more

Christopher John Boyce age 65 Working for: Soviet Union - The "Berg" & "Art" Group Christopher John Boyce was a defense contractor who was convicted for selling US spy satellite secrets to the Soviet Union in the 1970s. He wrote a book entitled American Sons: The Untold Story ...more

Clayton J. Lonetree age 57 Working for: Soviet Union - Buben group Clayton J. Lonetree, son of a Winnebago father and Navajo mother, served nine years in prison for espionage. During the early 1980s, Lonetree was a Marine Corps Security Guard stationed at the ...more

Clyde Lee Conrad Dec. at 50 (1948-1998) Working for: Hungary Clyde Lee Conrad was an U.S. Army non-commissioned officer who, from 1974 until his arrest on August 23, 1988, sold top secret classified information to the People's Republic of Hungary, ...more

Daulton Lee Working for: Soviet Union - The "Berg" & "Art" Group

David Greenglass Dec. at 92 (1922-2014) Working for: Soviet Union - Rosenberg ring David Greenglass was an atomic spy for the Soviet Union who worked on the Manhattan Project. He provided testimony that helped convict his sister and brother-in-law Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, ...more

David Weintraub age 69 Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups

age 82 Working for: Soviet Union - Buben group Dieter Felix Gerhardt is a former commodore in the South African Navy and commander of the strategic Simon's Town naval dockyard. He was arrested by the FBI in New York in 1983 following ...more

Dec. at 83 (1906-1989) Working for: Soviet Union - Karl group and Ware group Donald Hiss was the younger brother of Alger Hiss, who in 1948 was accused of — but not charged with — spying for the Soviet Union, and who, in 1950, was controversially convicted of perjury ...more

Dec. at 89 (1913-2002) Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups, Perlo group Donald Niven Wheeler was a lifelong social activist, teacher and member of the Communist Party, as well as an accused Soviet spy. Allegations of espionage made against him were never proved, and ...more

Duncan Lee Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups Lt. Col. Duncan Chaplin Lee was confidential assistant to Maj. Gen. William Donovan, founder and director of the Office of Strategic Services, World War II-era predecessor of the CIA, during ...more

Edna Patterson Working for: Soviet Union - Naval GRU Francia Yakilnilna Mitynen aka Edna Margaret Patterson was a Soviet citizen born in Australia. Mitynen was an illegal officer of the Naval GRU who was smuggled into the United States in August ...more

Dec. at 74 (1809-1883) Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups Edward FitzGerald was an English poet and writer, best known as the poet of the first and most famous English translation of The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam. The writing of his name as both ...more

Dec. at 51 (1951-2002) Working for: Soviet Union - Buben group Edward Lee Victor Howard was a CIA case officer who defected to the Soviet Union.

Dec. at 55 (1908-1963) Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups Elizabeth Terrill Bentley was an American spy for the Soviet Union from 1938 until 1945. In 1945 she defected from the Communist Party and Soviet intelligence and became an informer for the U.S. ...more

Dec. at 87 (1900-1987) Working for: Soviet Union - Sorge ring Elizaveta 'Zoya' Yulyevna Zarubina, born Lisa Rozensweig, was a Soviet spy. She was known as Elizabeth Zubilin while serving in the United States, and also known as Lisa Gorskaya. Born in ...more

Enos Regnet Wicher Working for: Soviet Union - Ware group Enos Regnet Wicher was a professor of physics at Columbia University. During World War II he worked in the Wave Propagation Group at Columbia's Division of War Research and was alleged to have ...more

Dec. at 38 (1915-1953) Working for: Soviet Union - Rosenberg ring

Dec. at 56 (1905-1961) Working for: Soviet Union - Buben group Francis Xavier Waldron, best known by the pseudonym Eugene Dennis and Tim Ryan was an American communist politician and union organizer, best remembered as the long-time leader of the Communist ...more

Eva Getzov Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups

Ezra Moscrip Working for: Soviet Union - Sound and Myrna groups