Studio Ghibli and Hayao Miyazaki are often seen as synonymous, but there are plenty of masterpieces under the Ghibli banner that weren't crafted by Miyazaki. Even so, this perception isn't totally off base. Miyazaki co-founded the studio with his creative partner Isao Takahata, and directed some of the studio's most renowned films, including My Neighbor Totoro, Spirited Away, and Princess Mononoke.
Miyazaki's work is spectacular – but so is the work of the other directors Studio Ghibli has worked with, like Isao Takahata, Yoshifumi Kondo, Hiroyuki Morita, Gorō Miyazaki, and Hiromasa Yonebayashi. Studio Ghibli movies not directed by Miyazaki have their own merit and charm, and are often underrated hidden gems, such as Only Yesterday and When Marnie Was There. Others – particularly Grave of the Fireflies – are just as well known as anything Miyazaki directed.
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Gorō Miyazaki's second film, 2011's From Up on Poppy Hill, deals with student activism. Umi Matsuzaki and Shun Kazama clean up their high school's clubhouse in order to use it to run the school newspaper. When Tokumaru (the school's chairman and local businessman) decides to destroy the clubhouse for redevelopment, the students must persuade him to forgo his plan.
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Grave Of The Fireflies, which premiered in 1988, was directed by Isao Takahata, one of the original founders of Studio Ghibli. Often cited as the saddest anime movie ever made, this film follows Seita and Setsuko, two children who are struggling to survive after their mother is killed during a World War II firebombing. They must deal with illness, starvation, and loss, all while trying to maintain a sense of innocence.
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Whisper Of The Heart is a coming-of-age story about a teenage girl who wants to pursue a writing career, and who is developing romantic feelings for the first time in her life.
The movie, which debuted in 1995, was the first and only film to be directed by Yoshifumi Kondō. He was expected to succeed Hayao Miyazaki as a primary director for Studio Ghibli, but he died suddenly of an aneurysm in 1998. His death was said to be caused by overwork, which inspired Miyazaki to temporarily retire, and then return to work at a more relaxed pace.
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Like many Studio Ghibli films, The Secret World Of Arrietty is based on a book by a Western author. In this case, it's The Borrowers by Mary Norton. The 2010 film, which was the first film directed by Hiromasa Yonebayashi, follows a group of miniature humans called Borrowers, who live inside walls and borrow items from humans to survive. This move is particularly lauded for its soundtrack, which was composed by Cécile Corbel – a departure from the studio's usual composer, Joe Hisaishi.