Anyone reading or watching the news knows a story beginning with the words “Florida man” - or any Florida resident, really - is bound to be good. Whether the crimes take place in southern grocery chain Publix or the Everglades, the reports range from hysterical to macabre in nature.
Jokes around the internet refer to “Florida Man” as one person wreaking havoc in the state, but the truth is less meme and more lawful.
Dating back to in 1909, Florida operates under the idea that the government works for the people, so their information should be available to the public. The group of laws that protect this transparency are called the Florida Sunshine Laws; they include access to arrest records and Florida mug shots, making reporters' jobs easier while creating the dysfunctional "Florida Man" mythos.
Florida’s progressive stance on open government began in 1909 with the passage of statute Chapter 119. Also known as the Public Records Law, it opens up official government documentation in the state to any citizen requesting it.
The Government-in-the-Sunshine Law hit the books in 1967, adding meetings to the list of available records. That’s why Miami-Dade County Commissioner Xavier Suarez and his son Francis - a Miami-Dade County commissioner - posted a public notice for one of their discussions in 2015. The required sunshine notice detailed their planned topic of public transportation.
The three branches of government - judicial, legislative, and executive - are the main focus of Florida’s records laws. However, various court rulings over the years found public schools and universities are also under the umbrella of government agencies.
A 1980 Florida court ruled paperwork created by school boards for budgetary purposes are public records. Another case in 2008 set a precedent for the availability of employee health insurance plans - including information on their children and dependents.
Teacher evaluations and disciplinary actions are also available to citizens, but not their medical records or any deductions taken from their payroll.
As with any law, Florida’s government transparency evolves with the technology available for record-keeping. According to the Florida Office of the Attorney General, public records include, “tapes, photographs, film, sound recordings, and records stored in computers.”
These are in addition to older formats, such as paperwork, books, and maps.
Over the years, many challenges to the scope of the laws have come up. In 1995, the Open Government Sunset Review Act passed state legislature to provide guidelines for judging exemptions, specifying:
An exemption must fit within one of three categories of identifiable public purposes, and must be seen as compelling enough to override the strong presumption of openness.
Chapter 119 sets forth the framework for those guidelines, generally focusing on the safety of individuals versus the public’s right to have the information.