A list of the tallest buildings in Russia, with photos. These are the highest buildings in Russia, skyscrapers that tower over their respective cities. When we examine a country's tallest structures, we often discover a timeline of that country's economic success. Why? Because skyscrapers are a structure typically built only during healthy economic times. The tallest building in Russia is currently Moscow Tower. You will find it and plenty of other steel towers within this list of Russia's tallest buildings.