Places/Travel

The Countries In Asia

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Updated June 20, 2018 765.3k views 58 items

Need some geography help? Here's a list of all countries in Asia, with their capitals. List of Asian nations, which consists of Asian countries and capitals, can be found here. The list of Asian countries and list of Asian capitals is alphabetical. Countries that are Asian can also be sorted according to column. Whether you have a geography test to study for or you're simply curious about how many countries are in Asia, you can find them all right here. 

Afghanistan is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list The Countries In Asia
Kabul

Language: Farsi, Eastern Language, Pashto language

Founded: 1919-08-08

Currency: Afghan afghani

Government: Islamic republic

Anthem: Afghan National Anthem

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 31 million people, making it ...more

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#52 of 57 The Best Asian Countries to Visit The Best Books About Afghanistanlisted on 36 Countries with Universal Healthcare

Armenia is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list The Countries In Asia
Yerevan

Language: Armenian Language

Founded: 1918-05-28

Currency: Armenian dram

Government: Representative democracy, Presidential system, Republic

Anthem: Mer Hayrenik

Armenia, officially the Republic of Armenia, is a mountainous country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located in the north of Western Asia, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia ...more

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#62 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the World The Best Soccer Players from Armenialisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

Azerbaijan is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list The Countries In Asia
Baku

Language: Azerbaijani language

Founded: 1991-08-30

Currency: Azerbaijani manat

Government: Presidential system, Republic, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: Azərbaycan marşı

Azerbaijan, officially the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a contiguous transcontinental presidential republic in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. ...more

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#142 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the World #23 of 57 The Best Asian Countries to Visitlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

Bahrain is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list The Countries In Asia
Manama

Language: Arabic Language

Founded: 1971-12-16

Currency: Bahraini dinar

Government: Monarchy, Constitutional monarchy

Anthem: Bahrainona

Bahrain, officially the Kingdom of Bahrain, is a small island country situated near the western shores of the Persian Gulf. It is an archipelago with Bahrain Island, the largest land mass, at 55 ...more

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#160 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #10 of 15 The Best Middle Eastern Countries to Visitlisted on Countries of the Middle East

Bangladesh is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list The Countries In Asia
Dhaka

Language: Bengali Language

Founded: 1971-03-26

Currency: Bangladeshi taka

Government: Unitary republic, Parliamentary system

Anthem: Amar Shonar Bangla

Bangladesh, officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia; and is bordered by India to its west, north and east; Burma to its southeast and separated from Nepal and ...more

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#146 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #26 of 27 The Most Beautiful Countries in Asialisted on Countries with the Highest Monetary Reserves

Bhutan is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list The Countries In Asia
Thimphu

Language: Dzongkha Language

Founded: 1907-12-17

Currency: Bhutanese ngultrum, Indian rupee

Government: Unitary state, Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy

Anthem: Druk tsendhen

Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a landlocked country in South Asia at the eastern end of the Himalayas. It is bordered to the north by China and to the south, east and west by ...more

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#19 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #25 of 57 The Best Asian Countries to Visitlisted on Countries with Top Investment Banking Use

British Indian Ocean Ter... is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list The Countries In Asia
British Indian Ocean Territory
The British Indian Ocean Territory is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom situated in the Indian Ocean halfway between Tanzania and Indonesia. The territory comprises the seven atolls of ...more
Brunei is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list The Countries In Asia
Bandar Seri Begawan

Language: Malay Language

Founded: 1984-01-01

Currency: Brunei dollar

Government: Islamic state, Absolute monarchy, Unitary state, Constitutional monarchy

Anthem: Allah Peliharakan Sultan

Brunei officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace, is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South ...more

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#80 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #31 of 57 The Best Asian Countries to Visitlisted on Countries in Southeast Asia

Cambodia is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list The Countries In Asia
Phnom Penh

Language: Khmer language

Founded: 1953-11-09

Currency: Cambodian riel

Government: Unitary state, Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy

Anthem: Nokor Reach

Cambodia, officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia and once known as the Khmer Empire, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. Its total ...more

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#108 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #21 of 27 The Most Beautiful Countries in Asialisted on World Population List

China is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list The Countries In Asia
Beijing

Language: Standard Mandarin

Founded: 1949-10-01

Currency: Renminbi

Government: Single-party state, Socialist state, Communist state

Anthem: March of the Volunteers

China, officially the People's Republic of China, is a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of over 1.35 billion. The PRC is a ...more

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#67 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World The Worst Man-Made Disasters in Chinalisted on The 15 Most Forested Countries

Christmas Island is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list The Countries In Asia
Flying Fish Cove

Language: English Language

Founded: 1957

Currency: Australian dollar

Government: Federal monarchy

Anthem: Advance Australia Fair

The Territory of Christmas Island is a territory of Australia in the Indian Ocean, composed solely of that island. It has a population of 2,072 residents who live in a number of "settlement ...more

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#205 of 242 The Best Countries to Travel To #46 of 56 The Best Island Honeymoon Destinations

Cocos (Keeling) Islands ... is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list The Countries In Asia
West Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Language: English Language

Founded: 1857

Currency: Australian dollar

Government: Federal monarchy, Constitutional monarchy

The Territory of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, also called Cocos Islands and Keeling Islands, is a territory of Australia, located in the Indian Ocean, southwest of Christmas Island and ...more
Cyprus is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list The Countries In Asia
Nicosia

Language: Turkish Language, Greek Language

Founded: 1960-08-16

Currency: Euro

Government: Presidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: Hymn to Liberty

Cyprus, officially the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Cyprus is the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, and a member ...more

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#70 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #7 of 22 The Best Mediterranean Countries to Visitlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

Georgia is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list The Countries In Asia
Tbilisi

Language: Georgian Language

Founded: 1008

Currency: Georgian lari

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

Anthem: Tavisupleba, Dideba

Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the ...more

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#79 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the World #33 of 57 The Best Asian Countries to Visitlisted on 20 Countries with the Best Interest Deposit Rates

Hong Kong is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list The Countries In Asia

Language: English Language, Chinese language

Founded: 1842-08-29

Currency: Hong Kong dollar

Anthem: March of the Volunteers

Hong Kong, officially known as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a city on the southern coast of China at the Pearl River Estuary and the South China ...more

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#2 of 191 The World's Best Cities To Eat Well #30 of 115 The Top Travel Destinations in the Worldlisted on Countries Where Standard Mandarin is the Official Language

India is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list The Countries In Asia
New Delhi

Language: English Language, Hindi Language

Founded: 1947-08-15

Currency: Indian rupee

Government: Federal republic, Constitutional republic, Parliamentary system

Anthem: Jana Gana Mana

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most ...more

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#50 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #55 of 80 The Best Soccer Countries in the Worldlisted on The 15 Most Forested Countries

Indonesia is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list The Countries In Asia
Jakarta

Language: Indonesian Language

Founded: 1945-08-17

Currency: Indonesian rupiah

Government: Presidential system, Constitutional republic

Anthem: Indonesia Raya

Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising thousands of islands. With an estimated total population of over ...more

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#242 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World The Best Tennis Players from Indonesialisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

Iran is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list The Countries In Asia
Tehran

Language: Persian Language

Currency: Iranian rial

Government: Islamic republic, Theocracy, Unitary state

Anthem: National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Iran, also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered to the northwest by Armenia, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, ...more

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#29 of 34 Political Issues That Matter the Most Right Now The Best Soccer Players from Iranlisted on Countries of the Middle East

Iraq is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list The Countries In Asia
Baghdad

Language: Arabic Language, Kurdish language

Founded: 1919-10-01

Currency: Iraqi dinar

Government: Federal republic, Republic, Parliamentary system, Parliamentary republic

Anthem: Ardulfurataini Watan, Mawtini

Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia. The country borders Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the ...more

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#38 of 57 The Best Asian Countries to Visit The Best Iraq Movies Ever Madelisted on Countries Where Arabic Is The Official Language

Israel is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list The Countries In Asia
Jerusalem

Language: Arabic Language, Hebrew Language

Founded: 1948-05-14

Currency: Israeli new shekel

Government: Democracy, Parliamentary system

Anthem: Hatikvah

Israel or, officially the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It shares land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria in ...more

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#101 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the World Firsthand Accounts Of What It's Like To Live On The Gaza Strip In A State Of Endless Warlisted on Countries with the Atomic Bomb

Japan is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list The Countries In Asia
Tokyo

Language: Japanese Language

Currency: Japanese yen

Government: Unitary state, Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy

Anthem: Kimigayo

Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in ...more

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#9 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the World Myths About Feudal Japan You Thought Were Truelisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

Jordan is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list The Countries In Asia
Amman

Language: Arabic Language

Founded: 1946-05-25

Currency: Jordanian dinar

Government: Unitary state, Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy

Anthem: The Royal Anthem of Jordan

Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is an Arab kingdom in the Middle East, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and east, Iraq to ...more

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#38 of 57 The Best Asian Countries to Visit #6 of 15 The Best Middle Eastern Countries to Visitlisted on Countries Where Arabic Is The Official Language

Kazakhstan is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list The Countries In Asia
Astana

Language: Kazakh Language, Russian Language

Currency: Kazakhstani tenge

Government: Presidential system, Unitary state

Anthem: Meniñ Qazaqstanım

Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a country in Central Asia, with its smaller part west of the Ural River in Europe. Kazakhstan is the world's largest landlocked country by ...more

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#72 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the World The Best Tennis Players from Kazakhstanlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

South Korea is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list The Countries In Asia
Seoul

Language: Korean Language

Currency: South Korean won ₩

Government: Presidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: Aegukga

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea, and commonly referred to as Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. The name Korea is ...more

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#16 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World The Cutest Children of Korean Celebritieslisted on 36 Countries with Universal Healthcare

North Korea is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list The Countries In Asia
Pyongyang

Language: Korean Language

Founded: 1919-03-01

Currency: North Korean won

Government: Single-party state, Juche, Totalitarianism, Family dictatorship

Anthem: Aegukka

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia, in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. The capital and largest city is Pyongyang. North Korea ...more

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#94 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World Weird North Korea Stories That Are 100% Truelisted on Countries with the Atomic Bomb