Places/Travel

The Countries Of South America

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Updated October 13, 2018 64.7k views 14 items

List of all countries in South America and capitals. This list of South American countries is alphabetical. View countries that are South American and see capitals of South American countries too. The South American country list and South American capital list can also be sorted by column.

If you're ever wondering how many countries there are in South America and what their capital cities are, this list is for you. 

1
Argentina is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list The Countries Of South America
Buenos Aires

Language: Spanish Language

Founded: 1816-07-09

Currency: Argentine peso

Area: 2780400.0

Government: Representative democracy, Presidential system, Federal republic, Constitutional republic

Anthem: Argentine National Anthem

Divisions: San Juan Province, Argentina, Comuna 5, Lihuel Calel department, Maipú Department, + more

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic is a federal republic located in southeastern South America. Sharing the Southern Cone with its smaller neighbour Chile, it is bordered by Bolivia ...more

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The Top Beers from Argentina #12 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

2
Bolivia is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list The Countries Of South America
Sucre

Language: Baure Language, Quechua, Ayoreo language, Yaminawa language, Chimane language, + more

Founded: 1825-08-06

Currency: Bolivian boliviano

Area: 1098580.0

Government: Presidential system, Republic, Unitary state

Anthem: National Anthem of Bolivia

Divisions: Beni Department, Santa Cruz Department, Potosí, Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, + more

Bolivia, officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and ...more

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This “Gate of the Sun” Monolithic Stone Monument Has Baffled Experts For Centuries #211 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

3
Brazil is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list The Countries Of South America
Brasília

Language: Portuguese Language

Founded: 1822-09-07

Currency: Brazilian real

Area: 8515767.05

Government: Presidential system, Federal republic, Constitutional republic

Anthem: Brazilian National Anthem

Divisions: Mato Grosso, Acre, Roraima, Minas Gerais, Telêmaco Borba, + more

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical ...more

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#14 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #16 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

4
Chile is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list The Countries Of South America
Santiago

Language: Spanish Language

Founded: 1810-09-18

Currency: Chilean peso

Area: 756096.3

Government: Presidential system, Democratic republic, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: National Anthem of Chile

Divisions: Santiago Metropolitan Region, San Felipe de Aconcagua Province, Coquimbo Region, Maule Region, Ranco Province, + more

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a American country in the south-west point of South America occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the ...more

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The Best Tennis Players from Chile #97 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

5
Colombia is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list The Countries Of South America
Bogotá

Language: Spanish Language

Founded: 1810-07-20

Currency: Colombian peso

Area: 1138910.0

Government: Presidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: National Anthem of Colombia

Divisions: Antioquia department, Nariño department, Cesar department, Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina, + more

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by ...more

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The Best Soccer Players from Colombia of All Time #174 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

6
Ecuador is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list The Countries Of South America
Quito

Language: Spanish Language

Founded: 1822-05-24

Currency: United States dollar

Area: 283520.0

Government: Presidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria

Divisions: Chimborazo Province, Galápagos Province, El Oro, Los Ríos Province, Cotopaxi, + more

Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific ...more

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The Best Soccer Players from Ecuador #162 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

7
Falkland Islands is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list The Countries Of South America
Stanley

Language: English Language

Founded: 1982-06-14

Currency: Falkland Islands pound

Area: 12173.0

Government: Representative democracy, Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy

Anthem: God Save the Queen, Song of the Falklands

Divisions: Falkland Islands

The Falkland Islands are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 300 miles east of South America's southern Patagonian coast, at a ...more
8
French Guiana is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list The Countries Of South America
Cayenne
French Guiana, officially called simply Guiana, is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America. It borders Brazil to the east and south, and ...more

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#13 of 13 The Best South American Countries to Visit #72 of 112 The Best Countries to Move To #78 of 197 The Countries with the Best Food

9
Guyana is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list The Countries Of South America
Georgetown

Language: English Language

Founded: 1966-05-26

Currency: Guyanese dollar

Area: 214970.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

Anthem: Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains

Divisions: Pomeroon-Supenaam, East Berbice-Corentyne, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, + more

Guyana, officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the Caribbean coast of South America. Although Guyana is part of the Anglophone Caribbean, it is one of the few ...more

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#186 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #61 of 70 The Best Countries to Live Inlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

10
Paraguay is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list The Countries Of South America
Asunción

Language: Spanish Language, Paraguayan Guaraní

Founded: 1811-05-14

Currency: Paraguayan guaraní

Area: 406752.0

Government: Representative democracy, Pluralist democracy, Presidential system, Republic, Constitutional republic, + more

Anthem: National anthem of Paraguay

Divisions: Boquerón department, Concepción Department, Paraguarí Department, Ñeembucú Department, Alto Paraná Department, + more

Paraguay, officially the Republic of Paraguay, is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia ...more

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#202 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #108 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

11
Peru is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list The Countries Of South America
Lima

Language: Spanish Language

Founded: 1821-07-28

Currency: Peruvian nuevo sol

Area: 1285216.0

Government: Presidential system, Republic, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: National Anthem of Peru

Divisions: San Martín Region, Apurímac Region, Amazonas Region, Moquegua Region, Puno Region, + more

Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the ...more

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Shortly After A Meteorite Landed In Peru, Residents Began Suffering From A Mysterious Illness #94 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

12
Suriname is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list The Countries Of South America
Paramaribo

Language: Dutch Language

Founded: 1975-11-25

Currency: Surinamese dollar

Area: 163270.0

Government: Liberal democracy

Anthem: God zij met ons Suriname

Divisions: Paramaribo District, Nickerie District, Saramacca District, Marowijne District, Coronie District, + more

Suriname, officially known as the Republic of Suriname, is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America. It is bordered by French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west ...more

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#205 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #55 of 90 The Best Soccer Countries in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

13
Uruguay is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list The Countries Of South America
Montevideo

Language: Spanish Language

Founded: 1825-08-25

Currency: Uruguayan peso

Area: 176215.0

Government: Presidential system, Republic, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: National Anthem of Uruguay

Divisions: Salto Department, Flores Department, Río Negro Department, Soriano Department, Rocha Department, + more

Uruguay, officially the República Oriental del Uruguay, is a country in the southeastern region of South America. It is bordered by Argentina to its west and Brazil to its north and east, ...more

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#29 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #33 of 35 The 35 Coolest Pools in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

14
Venezuela is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list The Countries Of South America
Caracas

Language: Spanish Language

Founded: 1811-07-05

Currency: Venezuelan bolívar

Area: 916445.0

Government: Socialist state, Presidential system, Federal republic, Republic, Federation, + more

Anthem: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo

Divisions: Federal Dependencies of Venezuela, Delta Amacuro, Aragua, Barinas, Venezuela, + more

Venezuela, officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a country on the northern coast of South America. Venezuela's territory covers around 916,445 km² with an estimated ...more

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The Best Soccer Players from Venezuela #106 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on Countries Where Spanish Is The Official Language