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The Countries Of South America

Updated October 13, 2018 69.4k views14 items

List of all countries in South America and capitals. This list of South American countries is alphabetical. View countries that are South American and see capitals of South American countries too. The South American country list and South American capital list can also be sorted by column.

If you're ever wondering how many countries there are in South America and what their capital cities are, this list is for you. 

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  • 1

    Argentina

    Buenos Aires

    LanguageSpanish Language

    Founded1816-07-09

    CurrencyArgentine peso

    Area2780400.0

    GovernmentRepresentative democracy, Presidential system, Federal republic, Constitutional republic

    AnthemArgentine National Anthem

    DivisionsSan Juan Province, Argentina, Comuna 5, Lihuel Calel department, Maipú Department

    Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic is a federal republic located in southeastern South America. Sharing the Southern Cone with its smaller neighbour Chile, it is bordered by Bolivia and...  more

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  • 2

    Bolivia

    Sucre

    LanguageBaure Language, Quechua, Ayoreo language, Yaminawa language, Chimane language

    Founded1825-08-06

    CurrencyBolivian boliviano

    Area1098580.0

    GovernmentPresidential system, Republic, Unitary state

    AnthemNational Anthem of Bolivia

    DivisionsBeni Department, Santa Cruz Department, Potosí, Cochabamba, Chuquisaca

    Bolivia, officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and...  more

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  • 3

    Brazil

    Brasília

    LanguagePortuguese Language

    Founded1822-09-07

    CurrencyBrazilian real

    Area8515767.05

    GovernmentPresidential system, Federal republic, Constitutional republic

    AnthemBrazilian National Anthem

    DivisionsMato Grosso, Acre, Roraima, Minas Gerais, Telêmaco Borba

    Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area...  more

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  • 4

    Chile

    Santiago

    LanguageSpanish Language

    Founded1810-09-18

    CurrencyChilean peso

    Area756096.3

    GovernmentPresidential system, Democratic republic, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

    AnthemNational Anthem of Chile

    DivisionsSantiago Metropolitan Region, San Felipe de Aconcagua Province, Coquimbo Region, Maule Region, Ranco Province

    Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a American country in the south-west point of South America occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific...  more

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  • 5

    Colombia

    Bogotá

    LanguageSpanish Language

    Founded1810-07-20

    CurrencyColombian peso

    Area1138910.0

    GovernmentPresidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

    AnthemNational Anthem of Colombia

    DivisionsAntioquia department, Nariño department, Cesar department, Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina

    Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by...  more

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  • 6

    Ecuador

    Quito

    LanguageSpanish Language

    Founded1822-05-24

    CurrencyUnited States dollar

    Area283520.0

    GovernmentPresidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

    AnthemSalve, Oh Patria

    DivisionsChimborazo Province, Galápagos Province, El Oro, Los Ríos Province, Cotopaxi

    Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific...  more

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  • 7

    LanguageEnglish Language

    Founded1982-06-14

    CurrencyFalkland Islands pound

    Area12173.0

    GovernmentRepresentative democracy, Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy

    AnthemGod Save the Queen, Song of the Falklands

    DivisionsFalkland Islands

    The Falkland Islands are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 300 miles east of South America's southern Patagonian coast, at a latitude...  more
  • 8
    French Guiana, officially called simply Guiana, is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America. It borders Brazil to the east and south, and Suriname to...  more
  • 9

    Guyana

    Georgetown

    LanguageEnglish Language

    Founded1966-05-26

    CurrencyGuyanese dollar

    Area214970.0

    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

    AnthemDear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains

    DivisionsPomeroon-Supenaam, East Berbice-Corentyne, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice

    Guyana, officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the Caribbean coast of South America. Although Guyana is part of the Anglophone Caribbean, it is one of the few...  more

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  • 10

    Paraguay

    Asunción

    LanguageSpanish Language, Paraguayan Guaraní

    Founded1811-05-14

    CurrencyParaguayan guaraní

    Area406752.0

    GovernmentRepresentative democracy, Pluralist democracy, Presidential system, Republic, Constitutional republic

    AnthemNational anthem of Paraguay

    DivisionsBoquerón department, Concepción Department, Paraguarí Department, Ñeembucú Department, Alto Paraná Department

    Paraguay, officially the Republic of Paraguay, is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the...  more
  • 11

    Peru

    Lima

    LanguageSpanish Language

    Founded1821-07-28

    CurrencyPeruvian nuevo sol

    Area1285216.0

    GovernmentPresidential system, Republic, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

    AnthemNational Anthem of Peru

    DivisionsSan Martín Region, Apurímac Region, Amazonas Region, Moquegua Region, Puno Region

    Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by...  more

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  • 12

    Suriname

    Paramaribo

    LanguageDutch Language

    Founded1975-11-25

    CurrencySurinamese dollar

    Area163270.0

    GovernmentLiberal democracy

    AnthemGod zij met ons Suriname

    DivisionsParamaribo District, Nickerie District, Saramacca District, Marowijne District, Coronie District

    Suriname, officially known as the Republic of Suriname, is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America. It is bordered by French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west and...  more

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  • 13

    Uruguay

    Montevideo

    LanguageSpanish Language

    Founded1825-08-25

    CurrencyUruguayan peso

    Area176215.0

    GovernmentPresidential system, Republic, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

    AnthemNational Anthem of Uruguay

    DivisionsSalto Department, Flores Department, Río Negro Department, Soriano Department, Rocha Department

    Uruguay, officially the República Oriental del Uruguay, is a country in the southeastern region of South America. It is bordered by Argentina to its west and Brazil to its north and east, with the...  more

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  • 14

    Venezuela

    Caracas

    LanguageSpanish Language

    Founded1811-07-05

    CurrencyVenezuelan bolívar

    Area916445.0

    GovernmentSocialist state, Presidential system, Federal republic, Republic, Federation

    AnthemGloria al Bravo Pueblo

    DivisionsFederal Dependencies of Venezuela, Delta Amacuro, Aragua, Barinas, Venezuela

    Venezuela, officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a country on the northern coast of South America. Venezuela's territory covers around 916,445 km² with an estimated population...  more

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