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The Countries Of South America

Updated October 13, 2018 69.4k views14 items

List of all countries in South America and capitals. This list of South American countries is alphabetical. View countries that are South American and see capitals of South American countries too. The South American country list and South American capital list can also be sorted by column.

If you're ever wondering how many countries there are in South America and what their capital cities are, this list is for you. 

  • 1


    Buenos Aires

    LanguageSpanish Language


    CurrencyArgentine peso


    GovernmentRepresentative democracy, Presidential system, Federal republic, Constitutional republic

    AnthemArgentine National Anthem

    DivisionsSan Juan Province, Argentina, Comuna 5, Lihuel Calel department, Maipú Department

    Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic is a federal republic located in southeastern South America. Sharing the Southern Cone with its smaller neighbour Chile, it is bordered by Bolivia and...  more

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  • 2



    LanguageBaure Language, Quechua, Ayoreo language, Yaminawa language, Chimane language


    CurrencyBolivian boliviano


    GovernmentPresidential system, Republic, Unitary state

    AnthemNational Anthem of Bolivia

    DivisionsBeni Department, Santa Cruz Department, Potosí, Cochabamba, Chuquisaca

    Bolivia, officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and...  more

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  • 3



    LanguagePortuguese Language


    CurrencyBrazilian real


    GovernmentPresidential system, Federal republic, Constitutional republic

    AnthemBrazilian National Anthem

    DivisionsMato Grosso, Acre, Roraima, Minas Gerais, Telêmaco Borba

    Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area...  more

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  • 4



    LanguageSpanish Language


    CurrencyChilean peso


    GovernmentPresidential system, Democratic republic, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

    AnthemNational Anthem of Chile

    DivisionsSantiago Metropolitan Region, San Felipe de Aconcagua Province, Coquimbo Region, Maule Region, Ranco Province

    Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a American country in the south-west point of South America occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific...  more

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  • 5



    LanguageSpanish Language


    CurrencyColombian peso


    GovernmentPresidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

    AnthemNational Anthem of Colombia

    DivisionsAntioquia department, Nariño department, Cesar department, Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina

    Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by...  more

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  • 6



    LanguageSpanish Language


    CurrencyUnited States dollar


    GovernmentPresidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

    AnthemSalve, Oh Patria

    DivisionsChimborazo Province, Galápagos Province, El Oro, Los Ríos Province, Cotopaxi

    Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific...  more

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  • 7

    LanguageEnglish Language


    CurrencyFalkland Islands pound


    GovernmentRepresentative democracy, Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy

    AnthemGod Save the Queen, Song of the Falklands

    DivisionsFalkland Islands

    The Falkland Islands are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 300 miles east of South America's southern Patagonian coast, at a latitude...  more
  • 8
    French Guiana, officially called simply Guiana, is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America. It borders Brazil to the east and south, and Suriname to...  more
  • 9



    LanguageEnglish Language


    CurrencyGuyanese dollar


    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

    AnthemDear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains

    DivisionsPomeroon-Supenaam, East Berbice-Corentyne, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice

    Guyana, officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the Caribbean coast of South America. Although Guyana is part of the Anglophone Caribbean, it is one of the few...  more

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  • 10



    LanguageSpanish Language, Paraguayan Guaraní


    CurrencyParaguayan guaraní


    GovernmentRepresentative democracy, Pluralist democracy, Presidential system, Republic, Constitutional republic

    AnthemNational anthem of Paraguay

    DivisionsBoquerón department, Concepción Department, Paraguarí Department, Ñeembucú Department, Alto Paraná Department

    Paraguay, officially the Republic of Paraguay, is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the...  more
  • 11



    LanguageSpanish Language


    CurrencyPeruvian nuevo sol


    GovernmentPresidential system, Republic, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

    AnthemNational Anthem of Peru

    DivisionsSan Martín Region, Apurímac Region, Amazonas Region, Moquegua Region, Puno Region

    Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by...  more

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  • 12



    LanguageDutch Language


    CurrencySurinamese dollar


    GovernmentLiberal democracy

    AnthemGod zij met ons Suriname

    DivisionsParamaribo District, Nickerie District, Saramacca District, Marowijne District, Coronie District

    Suriname, officially known as the Republic of Suriname, is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America. It is bordered by French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west and...  more

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  • 13



    LanguageSpanish Language


    CurrencyUruguayan peso


    GovernmentPresidential system, Republic, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

    AnthemNational Anthem of Uruguay

    DivisionsSalto Department, Flores Department, Río Negro Department, Soriano Department, Rocha Department

    Uruguay, officially the República Oriental del Uruguay, is a country in the southeastern region of South America. It is bordered by Argentina to its west and Brazil to its north and east, with the...  more

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  • 14



    LanguageSpanish Language


    CurrencyVenezuelan bolívar


    GovernmentSocialist state, Presidential system, Federal republic, Republic, Federation

    AnthemGloria al Bravo Pueblo

    DivisionsFederal Dependencies of Venezuela, Delta Amacuro, Aragua, Barinas, Venezuela

    Venezuela, officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a country on the northern coast of South America. Venezuela's territory covers around 916,445 km² with an estimated population...  more

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